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Negotiating Forum

Bernard M. Hoekman and Michel M. Kostecki

in The Political Economy of the World Trading System: WTO and Beyond

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294313
eISBN:
9780191596445
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019829431X.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

An analysis is made of the role of the WTO (World Trade Organization) as a forum for negotiations. Special attention is given to the concept of reciprocity, since this is a central element of ... More


Regional Integration and Transnational Politics: Popular Sector Strategies in the NAFTA Era

María Lorena Cook

in The New Politics of Inequality in Latin America: Rethinking Participation and Representation

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198781837
eISBN:
9780191598968
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198781830.003.0021
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

Explores a novel and unexpected by‐product of the process of negotiating the North American Free Trade Agreement—a network of North American labour, environmental, human rights, and other citizens’ ... More


Technology, International Investment, and Trade

Marcela Miozzo and Vivien Walsh

in International Competitiveness and Technological Change

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199259236
eISBN:
9780191717901
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199259236.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

This chapter examines the ways in which trade and the operation of multinationals have influenced the operation of national production systems, and how this has changed between the period of ‘classic ... More


Regionalism Versus Multilateralism During the Uruguay Round

Richard Pomfret

in The Economics of Regional Trading Arrangements

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199248872
eISBN:
9780191596797
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199248877.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

Deals with the conflict between regionalism and multi‐lateralism during the Uruguay Round of multilateral trade negotiations. The strengthening of regionalism in Western Europe (Sect. 1) and North ... More


The Political Economy of the World Trading System: WTO and Beyond

Bernard Hoekman and Michel Kostecki

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294313
eISBN:
9780191596445
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019829431X.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

This book analyses the multilateral trading system's principles, rules, and procedures. It is not a legal text. It aims instead to provide an accessible (non‐technical) description of the rules of ... More


Implementing the New Japan Policy

Robert M. Uriu

in Clinton and Japan: The Impact of Revisionism on US Trade Policy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199280568
eISBN:
9780191712814
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199280568.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This chapter describes the administration's early efforts to convince the Japanese to agree to “results‐oriented” agreements. Using aggressive tactics and abrasive rhetoric, the administration tried ... More


International Trade Policy under George W. Bush

Nitsan Chorev

in Assessing the George W. Bush Presidency: A Tale of Two Terms

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748627400
eISBN:
9780748671946
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748627400.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

George W. Bush came to office with an ambitious free trade agenda but without clear congressional support for it. Initially, the Bush administration engaged in a great flurry of activity, including ... More


Negotiating the Framework: Doomed from the Start?

Robert M. Uriu

in Clinton and Japan: The Impact of Revisionism on US Trade Policy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199280568
eISBN:
9780191712814
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199280568.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

In order to defeat managed trade, Japanese officials counterattacked with a campaign to discredit revisionism, including attacks on the integrity of the revisionists themselves. The Japanese also ... More


The Return to Balance

Robert M. Uriu

in Clinton and Japan: The Impact of Revisionism on US Trade Policy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199280568
eISBN:
9780191712814
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199280568.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

In this chapter the author argues that the U.S. was forced to back down at every turn during the Framework talks. It also turns out that revisionism was damaged not only by the attacks by the ... More


Trade Barriers or Cultural Diversity? The Audiovisual Sector on Fire

Byung-il Choi

in Governing Global Electronic Networks: International Perspectives on Policy and Power

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262042512
eISBN:
9780262271936
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262042512.003.0168
Subject:
Information Science, Communications

This chapter examines how the World Trade Organization’s (WTO) General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS) treats international trade in audiovisual services. Negotiations in the WTO have pitted ... More


The Multi-Fibre Arrangement: The Fifth Piece of Paper

Lawrence W. R. Mills

in Protecting Free Trade: The Hong Kong Paradox, 1947–97

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9789888083985
eISBN:
9789882209084
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888083985.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This chapter examines Hong Kong’s participation in the Multi-Fibre Arrangement, a system under the auspices of the GATT originating in the early 1970s. Originally intended to be merely temporary, the ... More


Impediments to Doha Round Consensus and the Search for WTO Solutions

Kent Jones

in Reconstructing the World Trade Organization for the 21st Century: An Institutional Approach

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
December 2014
ISBN:
9780199366040
eISBN:
9780199366071
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199366040.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

Decision-making in the World Trade Organization (WTO) is based on consensus, which is difficult to achieve in a large organization, especially under the constraint of an all-or-nothing “single ... More


The Four Faces of Hong Kong

Lawrence W. R. Mills

in Protecting Free Trade: The Hong Kong Paradox, 1947–97

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9789888083985
eISBN:
9789882209084
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888083985.003.0013
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This chapter explores the difficulty of Hong Kong’s position under the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade in relying on the UK to voice its interests during negotiations when the UK’s own trade ... More


Can WTO Technical Assistance and Capacity-Building Serve Developing Countries?

Gregory Shaffer

in Reforming the World Trading System: Legitimacy, Efficiency, and Democratic Governance

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199282623
eISBN:
9780191700224
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199282623.003.0012
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter examines whether World Trade Organization (WTO) technical assistance and capacity building can serve developing countries or not. After describing the multiple capacity constraints which ... More


The World Trading System: From GATT to WTO

in Between Law and Diplomacy: The Social Contexts of Disputing at the World Trade Organization

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804771436
eISBN:
9780804777384
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804771436.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change

This chapter provides background and context on the historical development of the WTO. The history of the GATT/WTO system is marked by the changing role and status of law and legal practice. The ... More


Reconstructing the World Trade Organization for the 21st Century: An Institutional Approach

Kent Jones

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
December 2014
ISBN:
9780199366040
eISBN:
9780199366071
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199366040.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

This book examines the difficulties of the World Trade Organization (WTO) in completing multilateral trade negotiations and possible ways to improve the situation. The problem lies in the ... More


Pathways Back to Geneva

Kent Jones

in Reconstructing the World Trade Organization for the 21st Century: An Institutional Approach

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
December 2014
ISBN:
9780199366040
eISBN:
9780199366071
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199366040.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

A number of institutional misalignments have prevented the World Trade Organization (WTO) from generating new trade agreements, including disagreements over policy space and reciprocity, the single ... More


David and the Two Goliaths

Lawrence W. R. Mills

in Protecting Free Trade: The Hong Kong Paradox, 1947–97

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9789888083985
eISBN:
9789882209084
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888083985.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This chapter describes trade negotiations between Hong Kong and the USA and the then European Economic Community (EEC). It contrasts the generally relaxed and flexible style of US negotiators with ... More


The Arrangement that Lived Up to Its Name

Lawrence W. R. Mills

in Protecting Free Trade: The Hong Kong Paradox, 1947–97

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9789888083985
eISBN:
9789882209084
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888083985.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This chapter describes some of the international trade negotiations in which the author participated, particularly in Europe and the USA. It explains how increasingly the USA sought to impose ... More


Tariff Phase-Outs: Theory and Evidence from GATT and NAFTA

Carsten Kowalczyk and Donald Davis

in The Regionalization of the World Economy

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226259956
eISBN:
9780226260228
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226260228.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

Article XXIV of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade constitution deems admissible customs unions and free trade areas that eliminate duties on “substantially all the trade” between the ... More


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