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The World Trading System and Development Concerns

Martin Khor

in The Washington Consensus Reconsidered: Towards a New Global Governance

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199534081
eISBN:
9780191714658
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534081.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter deals with trade policy and the world trading system from a development perspective, and concludes with proposals for making the global trading system more development-oriented, ... More


Development, the movement of persons and labour law*: Reasonable labour market access and its decent work complement

Adelle Blackett

in The Role of Labour Standards in Development: From theory to sustainable practice?

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780197264911
eISBN:
9780191754098
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264911.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter argues that rethinking the boundaries of labour law must include considering a broad range of public policy measures that not only intersect with labour law, but shape it. In particular, ... More


Uneven Outcomes and Growing Inequalities

Robin M. Leichenko and Karen L. O'Brien

in Environmental Change and Globalization: Double Exposures

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195177329
eISBN:
9780199869800
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195177329.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter explores the uneven consequences of global environmental change and globalization for agriculture and rural livelihoods. The first part of the chapter examines two of the most ... More


A Nation upon the Ocean Sea: Portugal’s Atlantic Diaspora and the Crisis of the Spanish Empire, 1492-1640

Daviken Studnicki-Gizbert

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195175691
eISBN:
9780199872060
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195175691.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

With the opening of sea routes in the 15th century, groups of men and women left Portugal to establish themselves across the ports and cities of the Atlantic or Ocean Sea. They were refugees and ... More


External Liberalization, Economic Performance, and Distribution in Malaysia

Matias Vernengo

in External Liberalization in Asia, Post-Socialist Europe, and Brazil

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195189322
eISBN:
9780199783823
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189322.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

This chapter examines the growth and distributional impacts of Malaysia's policy of maintaining open current and capital accounts. Malaysia's external liberalization policy initiatives are described. ... More


 External Liberalization, Growth, and Distribution in China

Shantong Li

in External Liberalization in Asia, Post-Socialist Europe, and Brazil

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195189322
eISBN:
9780199783823
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189322.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

This chapter examines the effects of external liberalization on China's economic growth, employment, and income distribution. The sections are organized as follows. Section 1 describes China's macro ... More


Inequality Growth and Poverty in an Era of Liberalization and Globalization

Giovanni Andrea Cornia (ed.)

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199271412
eISBN:
9780191601255
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199271410.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Based on an extensive review of relevant literature and an econometric analysis of inequality indexes, this book provides the first systematic analysis of the changes in within‐country income ... More


Economic Liberalization and Constraints to Development in Sub-Saharan Africa

K. S. Jomo and Rudiger von Arnim

in Good Growth and Governance in Africa: Rethinking Development Strategies

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199698561
eISBN:
9780191738142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199698561.003.0017
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This paper critically reviews the impact of globalization on Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) since the early 1980s. The large gains expected from opening up to international economic forces have, to date, ... More


International Dimensions

Romeo Bautista and Gwendolyn Tecson

in The Philippine Economy: Development, Policies, and Challenges

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195158984
eISBN:
9780199869107
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195158989.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter is an interpretive essay examining the related influences of foreign trade and trade policy on income growth and distribution in the Philippines based on existing studies and findings. ... More


Trade Policy in South Africa

Lawrence Edwards, Rashad Cassim, and Dirk van Seventer

in South African Economic Policy under Democracy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199551460
eISBN:
9780191720376
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199551460.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare, Economic Systems

This chapter evaluates South Africa's trade policy under democracy, and critically reviews the burgeoning empirical studies of the effects of trade reform on trade flows, growth, employment, poverty, ... More


The Global Economic Order and Global Justice

Gillian Brock

in Global Justice: A Cosmopolitan Account

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199230938
eISBN:
9780191710957
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230938.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter begins by arguing that the link between free trade and poverty reduction is not as straightforward as some believe. Though there is a role for trade liberalization, its pace, sequencing ... More


The Problem and the Institutional Framework

Kent Jones

in The Doha Blues: Institutional Crisis and Reform in the WTO

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195378825
eISBN:
9780199852598
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195378825.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

Unlike the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) which served as a “provisional agreement”, had no fixed set of members, and was not recognized as a bona fide international organization, the ... More


Institutional Friction in the Doha Development Round

Kent Jones

in The Doha Blues: Institutional Crisis and Reform in the WTO

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195378825
eISBN:
9780199852598
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195378825.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

Although the WTO continued what the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) has started, WTO differed from GATT in the following features: the single undertaking in negotiated multilateral ... More


International Trade, Food Security, and the Response to the WTO in South Asian Countries

Ramesh Chand

in Food Security: Indicators, Measurement, and the Impact of Trade Openness

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199236558
eISBN:
9780191717031
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199236558.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Implementation of various provisions of the WTO Agreement on Agriculture causes serious concern with regard to the performance of the agriculture sector and food security, and South Asian countries ... More


Economic Reforms: The Dependent Variable

Gustavo Flores-Macías

in After Neoliberalism?: The Left and Economic Reforms in Latin America

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199891658
eISBN:
9780199933402
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199891658.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

Chapter 2 conducts a systematic and comprehensive analysis of the left’s economic policies in Latin America. By way of defining the dependent variable of the study, this chapter first breaks down ... More


Negotiating Forum

Bernard M. Hoekman and Michel M. Kostecki

in The Political Economy of the World Trading System: WTO and Beyond

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294313
eISBN:
9780191596445
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019829431X.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

An analysis is made of the role of the WTO (World Trade Organization) as a forum for negotiations. Special attention is given to the concept of reciprocity, since this is a central element of ... More


Conclusion: The Gains from Trade and the Global Commons

Kent Jones

in Who's Afraid of the WTO?

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195166163
eISBN:
9780199849819
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195166163.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

The chapter concludes by summarizing the case for a focused WTO dedicated to trade liberalization, with recommendations for improving the world trading system and rejuvenating the political coalition ... More


Trade and Development: Systemic Lessons from WTO Experience with Implementation, Trade Facilitation, and Aid for Trade

J Michael Finger

in Developing Countries in the WTO Legal System

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195383614
eISBN:
9780199855445
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195383614.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

In the Uruguay Round, developing countries behaved as full partners rather than as supplicants in the system. This step forward has, however, been reversed by outrageous mismanagement of the hangover ... More


The GATS and Developing Countries: Why Such Limited Traction? *

Bernard Hoekman

in Developing Countries in the WTO Legal System

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195383614
eISBN:
9780199855445
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195383614.003.0016
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

With the exception of basic telecommunications, very little progress has been made to date in using the GATS framework to lock in unilateral reforms that have already been implemented, let alone in ... More


Consequences for the International Trading System

Richard Pomfret

in The Economics of Regional Trading Arrangements

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199248872
eISBN:
9780191596797
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199248877.003.0018
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

Examines the systemic effects of RTAs on the global economy. Discusses why RTAs tend to proliferate as well as why the multilateral trading system's basis in non‐discriminatory trade policies is ... More


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