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The Litigious State: U.S. Trade Policy

Christina L. Davis

in Why Adjudicate?: Enforcing Trade Rules in the WTO

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691152752
eISBN:
9781400842513
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691152752.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter examines the role of domestic political interests in the selection of U.S. cases for World Trade Organization (WTO) adjudication. It first considers how the United States has taken a ... More


Optimizing the Process of Fact-Finding

Michelle T Grando

in Evidence, Proof, and Fact-Finding in WTO Dispute Settlement

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199572649
eISBN:
9780191722103
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199572649.003.0001
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter presents some basic ideas to be used in the enterprise of understanding, assessing, and designing suggestions for improving the process of fact-finding (or process of proof) in WTO ... More


The Reluctant Litigant: Japanese Trade Policy

Christina L. Davis

in Why Adjudicate?: Enforcing Trade Rules in the WTO

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691152752
eISBN:
9781400842513
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691152752.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter examines Japanese trade policy to promote market access for exports. It considers how the delegation of authority to the bureaucracy influences the choice of trade strategies by Japan. ... More


The Democratic Propensity for Adjudication

Christina L. Davis

in Why Adjudicate?: Enforcing Trade Rules in the WTO

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691152752
eISBN:
9781400842513
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691152752.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter examines the democratic propensity for adjudication by conducting a statistical analysis of the use of adjudication by eighty-one states during the period 1975–2004. It uses the data to ... More


Domestic Constraints and Active Enforcement

Christina L. Davis

in Why Adjudicate?: Enforcing Trade Rules in the WTO

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691152752
eISBN:
9781400842513
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691152752.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter examines the role of courts in the ability of democratic politicians to support international commitments. Taking a closer look at the domestic political origins of trade disputes is ... More


MFN and the Third-party Economic Interests of Developing Countries in GATT/WTO Dispute Settlement

Chad P Bown

in Developing Countries in the WTO Legal System

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195383614
eISBN:
9780199855445
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195383614.003.0011
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter focuses on the indirect or “third-party” interest of developing countries in WTO trade disputes over market access. It then documents the various economic reasons why a country may have ... More


Introduction

Christina L. Davis

in Why Adjudicate?: Enforcing Trade Rules in the WTO

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691152752
eISBN:
9781400842513
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691152752.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This book examines why democratic institutions for accountability encourage use of adjudication to resolve trade disputes. It argues that governments file a formal legal complaint for World Trade ... More


Conclusion

Christina L. Davis

in Why Adjudicate?: Enforcing Trade Rules in the WTO

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691152752
eISBN:
9781400842513
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691152752.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This book has investigated why states use adjudication for trade disputes, showing that domestic political pressure influences trade law enforcement through legal strategies. It has also examined the ... More


Functioning of the Burden of Proof

Michelle T Grando

in Evidence, Proof, and Fact-Finding in WTO Dispute Settlement

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199572649
eISBN:
9780191722103
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199572649.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

The previous chapter introduced some basic concepts related to the process of fact-finding and briefly outlined how those concepts are applied in international dispute settlement proceedings, ... More


Conflict Management: Evaluating the Effectiveness of Adjudication

Christina L. Davis

in Why Adjudicate?: Enforcing Trade Rules in the WTO

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691152752
eISBN:
9781400842513
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691152752.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter examines the effectiveness of legal complaints to bring an end to trade disputes. Using quantitative data from the United States, it shows that when comparing similar kinds of disputes ... More


Introduction

Michelle T Grando

in Evidence, Proof, and Fact-Finding in WTO Dispute Settlement

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199572649
eISBN:
9780191722103
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199572649.003.0000
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This introductory chapter begins with a brief discussion of how the evolution and increased sophistication of the WTO legal system has resulted in more complex disputes requiring the resolution of ... More


Prevention and Settlement of Transatlantic Economic Disputes: Legal Strategies for EU/US Leadership

ERNST-ULRICH PETERSMANN

in Transatlantic Economic Disputes: The EU, the US, and the WTO

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199261727
eISBN:
9780191698774
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199261727.003.0001
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This introductory chapter explains the European University Institute (EUI) dispute prevention and dispute settlement project and its main policy conclusions. The overview of alternative methods of ... More


International Pressures on Developing Countries

Carolyn Deere

in The Implementation Game: The TRIPS Agreement and the Global Politics of Intellectual Property Reform in Developing Countries

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199550616
eISBN:
9780191720284
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199550616.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Political Economy

Chapter 5 explores how international pressures on developing countries contributed to variation in TRIPS implementation, describing the kinds of power at play, the players involved, and the tools ... More


Inequality and Growth in Modern China

Guanghua Wan (ed.)

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199535194
eISBN:
9780191715730
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199535194.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This book provides updated coverage of inequality and poverty issues in China. Some of the methodologies developed may be used in other contexts and for other countries. The use of different data ... More


Why Adjudicate?: Enforcing Trade Rules in the WTO

Christina L. Davis

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691152752
eISBN:
9781400842513
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691152752.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The World Trade Organization (WTO) oversees the negotiation and enforcement of formal rules governing international trade. Why do countries choose to adjudicate their trade disputes in the WTO rather ... More


Between Law and Diplomacy: The Social Contexts of Disputing at the World Trade Organization

Joseph Conti

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804771436
eISBN:
9780804777384
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804771436.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change

This book crafts an insider's look at international trade disputes at one of the most important institutions in the global economy: the World Trade Organization (WTO). The WTO regulates the global ... More


Overlaps and Conflicts of Jurisdiction between the World Trade Organization and Regional Trade Agreements

Kyung Kwak and Gabrielle Marceau

in Regional Trade Agreements and the WTO Legal System

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199206995
eISBN:
9780191695674
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199206995.003.0021
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter examines the jurisdictional conflicts and overlaps between the World Trade Organization (WTO) and regional trade agreements (RTA). It analyses the horizontal allocation of judicial ... More


Unemployment Benefit: The Trade Dispute Disqualification

K. D. Ewing

in The Right to Strike

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198254393
eISBN:
9780191681486
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198254393.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Employment Law, Human Rights and Immigration

This chapter starts the examination of state sanctions by considering the concept of a trade dispute disqualification from the right to recieve unemployment benefit. The effect of disqualification is ... More


Transatlantic Trade Conflicts and GATT/WTO Dispute Settlement

MARC L. BUSCH and ERIC REINHARDT

in Transatlantic Economic Disputes: The EU, the US, and the WTO

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199261727
eISBN:
9780191698774
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199261727.003.0018
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter is divided into five sections. Section II surveys key dispute-settlement reforms ushered in by the WTO, and elaborates on how these are likely to influence US–EC disputes. Section III ... More


Dispute Settlement in European Union Free Trade Agreements: Lessons Learned?

Ignacio Garcia Bercero

in Regional Trade Agreements and the WTO Legal System

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199206995
eISBN:
9780191695674
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199206995.003.0017
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter explores the reasons for the increasing EU preference for a quasi-judicial model of adjudication as far as trade disputes are concerned. It describes the current network of EU free trade ... More


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