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Exchange Rates and Trade Balances under the Dollar Standard

Hong (Helen) Qiao

in The Unloved Dollar Standard: From Bretton Woods to the Rise of China

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199937004
eISBN:
9780199980703
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199937004.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter considers the impacts of discrete exchange rate changes in open economies with net foreign exchange liabilities and assets under the dollar standard. The combination of wealth, price, ... More


The Wartime Inheritance, 1912–1922

MARK MAZOWER

in Greece and the Inter-War Economic Crisis

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198202059
eISBN:
9780191675126
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198202059.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Economic History

Greece emerged from a decade of wars (1912–22) completely transformed. The economic problems of Old Greece remained to be solved, but the solution was complicated by the tangle of new difficulties ... More


Commodity Exchange

Jessica Yirush Stern

in Lives in Objects: Native Americans, British Colonists, and Cultures of Labor and Exchange in the Southeast

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9781469631486
eISBN:
9781469631509
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469631486.003.0003
Subject:
Society and Culture, Native American Studies

Southeastern Indians and British settlers used both asocial and social forms of exchange, and thus commodity exchange was not a foreign concept to either party. Under the logic of mercantilism, the ... More


Elizabethan Foundations 1570–1640

Paul Slack

in The Invention of Improvement: Information and Material Progress in Seventeenth-Century England

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2014
ISBN:
9780199645916
eISBN:
9780191757754
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199645916.003.0003
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History, Cultural History

This chapter identifies some of the foundations of improvement in the economic policies and projects of Elizabethan and early Stuart governments, in the enterprises of mercantile companies pursuing ... More


Politicians, the Media, and Negative Perceptions of Trade’s National Effect

Alexandra Guisinger

in American Opinion on Trade: Preferences without Politics

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
August 2017
ISBN:
9780190651824
eISBN:
9780190651862
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190651824.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

Chapter 7 explores how the framing of trade in public discourse – mass media and political campaigns –supports the disconnect between mass and elite opinion: while academic elites have stressed the ... More


Early Empirical Tests of the Heckscher-Ohlin Proposition

Robert E. Baldwin

in The Development and Testing of Heckscher-Ohlin Trade Models: A Review

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262026567
eISBN:
9780262267656
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262026567.003.0032
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

This chapter focuses on attempts to find statistical support for the Heckscher–Ohlin proposition. The results from early tests were disappointing. The most famous of these tests, namely Leontief’s ... More


The Politburo on Gold, Industrialization, and the International Economy, 1925–1926

David M. Woodruff

in The Lost Politburo Transcripts: From Collective Rule to Stalin's Dictatorship

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300134247
eISBN:
9780300152227
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300134247.003.0011
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter analyzes three sets of Soviet Politburo transcripts from October 26 and November 2, 1925, and February 22, 1926 that focus on macroeconomic policies. It explains that during these ... More


Characterising Economics: Thomas Middleton and William Rowley's The Changeling

Bradley D. Ryner

in Performing Economic Thought: English Drama and Mercantile Writing 1600-1642

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780748684656
eISBN:
9780748697113
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748684656.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, European Literature

The relationship between individuals and economic systems was of great concern to mercantile writers. ‘Balance of trade’ theorists Thomas Mun and Edward Misselden suggested that impersonal economic ... More


Inflation and Growth in Egypt: Is There a Threshold Effect?

Hanaa Kheir-El-Din

in What Drives Prices in Egypt?: An Analysis in Light of International Experience

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9789774163036
eISBN:
9781617970344
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
American University in Cairo Press
DOI:
10.5743/cairo/9789774163036.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

To investigate the relationship between two of the most important and most closely monitored macroeconomic variables: inflation and growth are the main purpose of this chapter. It is generally agreed ... More


A New Government Must Be Made: 1786—1787

Jeff Broadwater

in Jefferson, Madison, and the Making of the Constitution

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781469651019
eISBN:
9781469651033
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469651019.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

In the year leading up to the Constitutional Convention of 1787, Jefferson, now serving as American minister to France, grew increasingly frustrated with Congress’s inability to retaliate against ... More


Production and Income Distribution

Andrew Coulson

in Tanzania: A Political Economy

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199679966
eISBN:
9780191765964
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199679966.003.0021
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The 1970s saw a sharp deterioration in Tanzania’s trade balance, met by reductions in reserves and support from the IMF and World Bank. Inflation averaged 2.1% per annum between 1961 and 1971, but ... More


International Financial Issues in the Pacific Rim: Global Imbalances, Financial Liberalization, and Exchange Rate Policy

Takatoshi Ito and Andrew K. Rose (eds)

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226386829
eISBN:
9780226387086
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226387086.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

The imbalanced, yet mutually beneficial, trading relationship between the United States and Asia has long been one of international finance's most perplexing mysteries. Although the United States ... More


China’s Unbalanced Growth

Yukon Huang

in Cracking the China Conundrum: Why Conventional Economic Wisdom is Often Wrong

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
July 2017
ISBN:
9780190630034
eISBN:
9780190630065
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190630034.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

Most observers have criticized China’s growth model as internally unbalanced, defined by its exceptionally low share of consumption to GDP and commensurately high share of investment in GDP, and ... More


Comparative Analysis, Tools, and Questions

Kathleen Araújo

in Low Carbon Energy Transitions: Turning Points in National Policy and Innovation

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199362554
eISBN:
9780197562901
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199362554.003.0011
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Sustainability

This chapter returns to the overarching questions of this book, namely, how can national energy transitions be explained, to what extent do patterns of change align ... More


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