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Metals in the Environment as Risk Factors for Infectious Diseases: Gaps and Opportunities

M. Leigh Ackland, Julia Bornhorst, George V. Dedoussis, Rodney R. Dietert, Jerome O. Nriagu, Jozef M. Pacyna, and John M. Pettifor

in Trace Metals and Infectious Diseases

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262029193
eISBN:
9780262327619
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029193.003.0017
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

By reducing immune function, trace metal deficiencies may substantially contribute to the global burden of diarrhea, pneumonia, and malaria. Human activities may be contributing to trace metal ... More


Trace Metals and Infectious Diseases

Jerome O. Nriagu and Eric P. Skaar (eds)

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262029193
eISBN:
9780262327619
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029193.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Many parts of the world endemic for the most common infectious diseases have the highest prevalence rates of trace metal deficiencies and increasing rates of trace metal pollution. The co-clustering ... More


Introduction

Jerome O. Nriagu and Eric P. Skaar

in Trace Metals and Infectious Diseases

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262029193
eISBN:
9780262327619
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029193.003.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Interest in processes at the nexus of host–microbe–metal interactions has risen as a result of advancements in the study of metallomics, proteomics, and genomics. These emerging fields have given ... More


Obesity, Trace Metals, and Infection

Jerome O. Nriagu

in Trace Metals and Infectious Diseases

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262029193
eISBN:
9780262327619
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029193.003.0012
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Trace metals are required in small quantities for a wide array of metabolic functions in the body. In terms of obesity, they can enhance insulin action through activating insulin receptor sites, ... More


Trace Metal Cycling

Thomas S. Bianchi

in Biogeochemistry of Estuaries

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195160826
eISBN:
9780197562048
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195160826.003.0024
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Geochemistry

Like many other elements, natural background levels of trace elements exist in crustal rocks, such as shales, sandstones, and metamorphic and igneous rocks (Benjamin and Honeyman, 2000). In ... More


Pollution: Persistent Organic Contaminants and Trace Metals

Hyun-Min Hwang, Peter G. Green, and Thomas M. Young

in Ecology, Conservation, and Restoration of Tidal Marshes: The San Francisco Estuary

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780520274297
eISBN:
9780520954014
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520274297.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

More than 80 percent of San Francisco Bay's historic tidal marshes have disappeared due to human activities, and the remaining marshes have been fragmented and contaminated. High levels of ... More


Marine Crustaceans as Bioindicators: Amphipods as Case Study

Carlos Navarro-Barranco, Macarena Ros, José M. Tierno de Figueroa, and José M. Guerra-García

in Fisheries and Aquaculture: Volume 9

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
April 2021
ISBN:
9780190865627
eISBN:
9780197517406
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190865627.003.0017
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Aquatic Biology

A bioindicator species can be defined as “an organism that provides information on the environmental conditions of its habitat by its presence or absence, and its behavior.” In this sense, ... More


Seawater Is More than Salted Water

Matthieu Roy-Barman and Catherine Jeandel

in Marine Geochemistry: Ocean Circulation, Carbon Cycle and Climate Change

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2016
ISBN:
9780198787495
eISBN:
9780191829604
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198787495.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Geophysics, Atmospheric and Environmental Physics

The chemical composition of seawater results from a combination of chemical and biological reactions and transport processes. The concentration of conservative elements is modified only by water ... More


The use of spectroscopic techniques in the study of DNA stability

John SantaLucia Jr

in Spectrophotometry and Spectrofluorimetry: A Practical Approach

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199638130
eISBN:
9780191918179
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199638130.003.0017
Subject:
Chemistry, Organic Chemistry

Accurate determination of nucleic acid thermodynamics has become increasingly important in understanding biological function as well as applications in biotechnology and pharmaceuticals. Knowledge ... More


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