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Exposure Assessment in Occupational and Environmental Epidemiology

Mark J. Nieuwenhuijsen (ed.)

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198528616
eISBN:
9780191723933
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528616.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

The recent and rapid expansion of occupational and environmental epidemiology and health risk assessment looks set to continue in line with growing public, government, and media concern about ... More


How Do I Know That It's Safe?

Daniel Strickman, Stephen P. Frances, and Mustapha Debboun

in Prevention of Bug Bites, Stings, and Disease

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195365771
eISBN:
9780199867677
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195365771.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Natural History and Field Guides

Toxicology is a difficult scientific field that attempts to determine whether chemicals are harmful. There are many different ways that a chemical can cause harm, all influenced by the dosage and the ... More


Is a Little Pollution Good for You?: Incorporating Societal Values in Environmental Research

Kevin Elliott

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199755622
eISBN:
9780199827121
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199755622.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This book examines a variety of ways in which societal values can be more effectively integrated into the numerous judgments associated with policy‐relevant environmental research. It provides a ... More


NPs, Chemicals and the Environment

Richard Firn

in Nature's Chemicals: The Natural Products that shaped our world

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199566839
eISBN:
9780191721700
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566839.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

The organisms that make Natural Products have been producing tens of thousands of different chemicals, totalling billions of tonnes every year, for billions of years. Hence, organisms have evolved to ... More


Introduction: Societal Values and Environmental Research

Kevin C. Elliott

in Is a Little Pollution Good for You?: Incorporating Societal Values in Environmental Research

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199755622
eISBN:
9780199827121
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199755622.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter provides an overview of the book and a summary of each subsequent chapter. It highlights the volume's two major goals: to examine the range of methodological decisions and interpretive ... More


The Hormesis Case

Kevin C. Elliott

in Is a Little Pollution Good for You?: Incorporating Societal Values in Environmental Research

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199755622
eISBN:
9780199827121
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199755622.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter examines the history of hormesis research as an important case study of the ways in which methodological and interpretive judgments enter scientific practice. It organizes these choices ... More


Conclusion

Kevin C. Elliott

in Is a Little Pollution Good for You?: Incorporating Societal Values in Environmental Research

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199755622
eISBN:
9780199827121
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199755622.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This final chapter reviews the book's major claims and considers important directions for future scholarship. The analyses in the preceding chapters suggest at least three promising avenues for ... More


“Toxicology Is a Political Science”

Sara Shostak

in Exposed Science: Genes, the Environment, and the Politics of Population Health

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780520275171
eISBN:
9780520955240
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520275171.003.0002
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Chapter 1 provides a map of key environmental health research and regulatory institutions, including the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS), the National Toxicology Program ... More


Ecology, Conservation, and Restoration of Tidal Marshes: The San Francisco Estuary

Arnas Palaima (ed.)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780520274297
eISBN:
9780520954014
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520274297.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

The San Francisco Bay, the biggest estuary on the west coast of North America, was once surrounded by an almost unbroken chain of tidal wetlands, a fecund sieve of ecosystems connecting the land and ... More


Basic Environmental Health

Annalee Yassi, Tord Kjellström, Theo de Kok, and Tee Guidotti

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195135589
eISBN:
9780199864102
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195135589.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This book draws from the social sciences, the natural sciences, and the health sciences to introduce the principles and methods applied in environmental health. It presents an overview of the basic ... More


Chemical Safety and Risk Assessment

Kai M. Savolainen and Pentti Kalliokoski

in Global Occupational Health

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195380002
eISBN:
9780199893881
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195380002.003.0002
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Chemical safety is the general term for managing the hazards and risk associated with particular chemicals, both to protect workers and residents in the community. Hazards associated with chemicals ... More


Occupational and Environmental Health

Barry S. Levy, David H. Wegman, Sherry L. Baron, and Rosemary K. Sokas (eds)

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2017
ISBN:
9780190662677
eISBN:
9780190662707
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190662677.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This thoroughly updated seventh edition is a comprehensive, clearly written, and practical textbook that includes information on both occupational health and environmental health, providing the ... More


Generating Chemical Information

Ken Geiser

in Chemicals without Harm: Policies for a Sustainable World

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780262012522
eISBN:
9780262327015
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262012522.003.0011
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

Several types of chemical information are needed including information on inherent chemical characteristics, chemical production and use, chemical release and exposure, and alternatives to hazardous ... More


Exploring Inductive Risk: Case Studies of Values in Science

Kevin C. Elliott and Ted Richards (eds)

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
June 2017
ISBN:
9780190467715
eISBN:
9780190467753
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190467715.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

According to the argument from inductive risk, scientists have responsibilities to consider the consequences of error when they set evidential standards for making decisions such as accepting or ... More


The University of Chicago Toxicity Laboratory

Frederick Rowe Davis

in Banned: A History of Pesticides and the Science of Toxicology

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780300205176
eISBN:
9780300210378
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300205176.003.0003
Subject:
Environmental Science, Nature

This chapter examines the role of the University of Chicago Toxicity Laboratory in the development of toxicology and in scientific efforts to support defence during World War II. The Toxicity ... More


Roads Taken

Frederick Rowe Davis

in Banned: A History of Pesticides and the Science of Toxicology

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780300205176
eISBN:
9780300210378
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300205176.003.0008
Subject:
Environmental Science, Nature

This chapter highlights lessons learned from a hundred years of risk assessment from pesticides. As the scale of agriculture developed to industrial proportions, farmers increasingly relied on ... More


The Consensus Critique

Sara Shostak

in Exposed Science: Genes, the Environment, and the Politics of Population Health

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780520275171
eISBN:
9780520955240
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520275171.003.0003
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Chapter 2 examines how scientists have used the ongoing conflicts, challenges, values, and narratives embedded in the contentious politics of environmental health to articulate the persistent ... More


Toxicology

Robert Laumbach and Michael Gochfeld

in Occupational and Environmental Health

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2017
ISBN:
9780190662677
eISBN:
9780190662707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190662677.003.0007
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter describes the basic principles of toxicology and their application to occupational and environmental health. Topics covered include pathways that toxic substances may take from sources ... More


We Are All Contaminated

Daniel Renfrew

in Life without Lead: Contamination, Crisis, and Hope in Uruguay

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780520295469
eISBN:
9780520968240
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520295469.003.0007
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This chapter details how Uruguayan experts and citizens negotiated, translated, and “localized” global biomedical expertise, as well as how social theories of risk, vulnerability, and human nature ... More


Roots of Optimism and Anxiety

Susanna Rankin Bohme

in Toxic Injustice: A Transnational History of Exposure and Struggle

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780520278981
eISBN:
9780520959811
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520278981.003.0002
Subject:
History, Latin American History

From the early 1950s through early 1960s, Dow and Shell marketed DBCP before toxicological testing was complete. Marketing techniques used the language of science to teach farmers about DBCP’s ... More


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