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The Theory Ladenness of the Mental Processes Used in the Scientific Enterprise 1: Evidence from Cognitive Psychology and the History of Science

William F. Brewer

in Psychology of Science: Implicit and Explicit Processes

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199753628
eISBN:
9780199950027
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199753628.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter examines the issue of the theory ladenness of observation. Data from laboratory experiments and episodes in the history of science provide convincing evidence that perception is ... More


The ecology and machinery of language

Pieter A. M. Seuren

in Language in Cognition

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199559473
eISBN:
9780191721137
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199559473.003.0007
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

Language is positioned in its ecological setting as part of the human mind, intentionally related to the actual and to virtual worlds and functional in a social force field. Grammar defines fully ... More


Modularity in music relative to speech: framing the debate

Isabelle Peretz

in Language and Music as Cognitive Systems

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199553426
eISBN:
9780191731020
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199553426.003.0032
Subject:
Psychology, Music Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter presents a response to the commentaries in Chapters 28–31. It addresses the four points raised by Besson and Schön on their comments questioning the usefulness of the modularity frame. ... More


The dorsal pathway’s contributions to perception and top-down influences on processing in the ventral pathway

Bruno G. Breitmeyer

in The Visual (Un)Conscious and Its (Dis)Contents: A microtemporal approach

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780198712237
eISBN:
9780191794209
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198712237.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Vision

The dorsal cortical pathway, dominated by magnocellular input, has little, if any, direct role in conscious processing. However, it does have a direct role in the registration in consciousness of ... More


Perceiving as Predicting

Andy Clark

in Perception and Its Modalities

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780199832798
eISBN:
9780199381609
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199832798.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, General

According to an emerging vision in computational cognitive neuroscience, perception (rich, full-blooded, world-presenting perception of the kind we enjoy) depends heavily on prediction. To visually ... More


Identity, Belief, and Bias

Geoffrey L. Cohen

in Ideology, Psychology, and Law

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199737512
eISBN:
9780199918638
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199737512.003.0015
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter presents research on the social psychology of identity and belief. Beliefs tied to long-held identities resist change and bias the processing of new information. Theoe phenomena help ... More


Theories, Philosophies, and Perspectives Underpinning Auditory [Re]Habilitation for Adolescents

Jill Duncan, Ellen A. Rhoades, and Elizabeth M. Fitzpatrick

in Auditory (Re)Habilitation for Adolescents with Hearing Loss: Theory and Practice

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780195381405
eISBN:
9780190204020
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195381405.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter presents general teaching and learning theories fundamental to auditory (re)habilitation practices. The heuristic approach, top-down versus bottom-up processing, passive versus active ... More


The Modularity of Sentence Processing Reconsidered

Fernanda Ferreira and James Nye

in On Concepts, Modules, and Language: Cognitive Science at Its Core

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780190464783
eISBN:
9780190464806
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190464783.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Today, the modular view of sentence processing is unpopular, but the arguments against modularity are not as strong as this apparent consensus would suggest. Almost all experimental investigations of ... More


“Free Will”: Components and Processes

Patrick Haggard

in Surrounding Free Will: Philosophy, Psychology, Neuroscience

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2014
ISBN:
9780199333950
eISBN:
9780199393848
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199333950.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, General

“Free will” can be seen as a solution to the problem of explaining the origins of human action. This chapter analyzes the problem that free will solves. The cardinal feature of the problem is the ... More


Attention-Generated Apparent Motion

Zhong-Lin Lu and George Sperling

in The Oxford Compendium of Visual Illusions

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
June 2017
ISBN:
9780199794607
eISBN:
9780190654795
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199794607.003.0072
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Vision

This chapter explores attention-generated apparent motion. A flickering display can seem to appear to move in opposite directions depending on which feature the observer attends to in the display. ... More


Some Musical Illusions Are Discovered

Diana Deutsch

in Musical Illusions and Phantom Words: How Music and Speech Unlock Mysteries of the Brain

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
June 2019
ISBN:
9780190206833
eISBN:
9780190056568
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190206833.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Music Psychology

Chapter 2 focuses on musical illusions that involve stereo sounds that were discovered by the author. These are described and demonstrated as sound examples. In each illusion, two simultaneous ... More


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