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Top-down Biases in Visual Short-term Memory

Mark G Stokes and Anna C Nobre

in The Neuroscience of Attention: Attentional Control and Selection

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195334364
eISBN:
9780199932283
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195334364.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

The ability to hold visual information in mind beyond the duration of the initial sensory stimulation critically underpins many higher-level cognitive functions. In particular, visual short-term ... More


Forms of Attention

Carlos Montemayor and Harry Haroutioun Haladjian

in Consciousness, Attention, and Conscious Attention

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780262028974
eISBN:
9780262327497
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262028974.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter presents an overview of the research on visual attention, which has been studied extensively in cognitive psychology and neuroscience. The studies discussed are limited to the major ... More


Attention, short-term memory, and biased competition

Edmund T. Rolls

in Cerebral Cortex: Principles of Operation

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780198784852
eISBN:
9780191836299
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198784852.003.0006
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems, Behavioral Neuroscience

One mechanism of attention is bottom-up, and uses saliency to direct overt attentional mechanisms such as eye movements. A second mechanism of attention is top-down, in which the attentional effects ... More


Attention

Martin V. Butz and Esther F. Kutter

in How the Mind Comes into Being: Introducing Cognitive Science from a Functional and Computational Perspective

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
July 2017
ISBN:
9780198739692
eISBN:
9780191834462
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198739692.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures, Cognitive Psychology

Cognition does not work without attention. Attention enables us to focus on particular tasks and particular aspects in the environment. Psychological insights show that attention exhibits bottom-up ... More


The prefrontal cortex

Edmund T. Rolls

in Brain Computations: What and How

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9780198871101
eISBN:
9780191914157
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198871101.003.0016
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

The prefrontal cortex receives perceptual information from the temporal and parietal cortices, and is in a position to perform ‘off-line’ processing, including holding items in a short-term memory ... More


Backprojections in the neocortex

Edmund T. Rolls

in Cerebral Cortex: Principles of Operation

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780198784852
eISBN:
9780191836299
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198784852.003.0011
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems, Behavioral Neuroscience

Cortical backprojections do not transfer the signal computed in one cortical area back to the preceding cortical area, in that for example the responses of the neurons in the primary visual cortex ... More


Mammalian memories: Battles in the brain

Elisabeth A. Murray, Steven P. Wise, Mary K. L. Baldwin, and Kim S. Graham

in The Evolutionary Road to Human Memory

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780198828051
eISBN:
9780191866708
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198828051.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology

In this chapter, Toto chases a cat, so the Wizard of Oz goes home alone; a woman is attacked by her own hand; and a mouse plunders a pantry. But mainly we consider memories that evolved in early ... More


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