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Simple Heuristics in a Social World

Ralph Hertwig, Ulrich Hoffrage, and ABC Research Group (eds)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780195388435
eISBN:
9780199950089
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388435.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This book invites readers to discover the simple heuristics that people use to navigate the complexities and surprises of environments populated with others. The social world is a terrain where ... More


Multi‐Process Theories

Edouard Machery

in Doing without Concepts

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195306880
eISBN:
9780199867950
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306880.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter investigates the contours of those theories that assume that a single cognitive competence, for instance, inductive reasoning, is underwritten by several cognitive processes (a branch of ... More


Cognitive Paternalism

F. H. Buckley

in Fair Governance: Paternalism and Perfectionism

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195341263
eISBN:
9780199866892
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195341263.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

Cognitive paternalism would impeach choices which are misshaped by our judgment heuristics, instincts, or emotions. An important empirical literature at the border of psychology and economics suggest ... More


Animal Navigation: A Synthesis

Jan Wiener, Sara Shettleworth, Verner P. Bingman, Ken Cheng, Susan Healy, Lucia F. Jacobs, Kathryn J. Jeffery, Hanspeter A. Mallot, Randolf Menzel, and Nora S. Newcombe

in Animal Thinking: Contemporary Issues in Comparative Cognition

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262016636
eISBN:
9780262298988
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016636.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Navigation appeared early in the evolution of animals and occurs in all mobile species. The vast array of navigational capabilities in various species poses a challenge to describe and understand ... More


Introduction

Greg Fisher, John E. Wisneski, and Rene M. Bakker

in Strategy in 3D: Essential Tools to Diagnose, Decide, and Deliver

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780190081478
eISBN:
9780197521847
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190081478.003.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Strategy

This chapter lays out the context for the book. It highlights how the context in which businesses operate has changed over time and why strategy is so important for organizations in today’s ... More


A Strategy Toolbox

Greg Fisher, John E. Wisneski, and Rene M. Bakker

in Strategy in 3D: Essential Tools to Diagnose, Decide, and Deliver

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780190081478
eISBN:
9780197521847
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190081478.003.0005
Subject:
Business and Management, Strategy

Effective strategists are expected to develop, refine, and use a conceptual toolbox made up of various different tools (concepts, frameworks, and theories) that enable them to make sense of and act ... More


A Way Forward for European Contract Law?

Lucinda Miller

in The Emergence of EU Contract Law: Exploring Europeanization

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199606627
eISBN:
9780191731716
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199606627.003.0004
Subject:
Law, EU Law

This chapter examines the EU’s broader (non sector-specific) contract law programme. It is primarily concerned with the instrument known as the Common Frame of Reference (CFR) a draft of which has ... More


Can Simple Heuristics Explain Moral Inconsistencies?

Nadine Fleischhut and Gerd Gigerenzer

in Simple Heuristics in a Social World

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780195388435
eISBN:
9780199950089
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388435.003.0017
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

From virtue theory to moral psychology to behavioral economics, a range of disciplines have explained behavior in moral situations by states of the individual mind, such as character traits, moral ... More


Simple Heuristics: The Foundations of Adaptive Social Behavior

Ralph Hertwig and Ulrich Hoffrage

in Simple Heuristics in a Social World

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780195388435
eISBN:
9780199950089
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388435.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter shows how simple heuristics can be an essential tool for navigating the complexities and vagaries of social environments. The research program on the nature of social rationality ... More


The Fast and Frugal Heuristics School

Mark Kelman

in The Heuristics Debate

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199755608
eISBN:
9780199895236
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199755608.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

Fast and frugal school researchers emphasize that evolutionary pressures guarantee that we will generally do a good job making “ecologically rational” choices, using inborn capacities to process ... More


Objections to the Fast and Frugal School Program *

Mark Kelman

in The Heuristics Debate

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199755608
eISBN:
9780199895236
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199755608.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

H&B scholars suspect that F&F researchers do not so much describe cognitive processes in careful detail as imagine processes that would serve imputed adaptive ends. For instance, the F&F description ... More


From Disintegrated Architectures of Cognition to an Integrated Heuristic Toolbox

Peter M. Todd and Lael J. Schooler

in Integrated Models of Cognitive Systems

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195189193
eISBN:
9780199847457
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189193.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures

This chapter demonstrates how grand unified theories of cognition can be combined with the idea that the mind is a collection of disparate simple mechanisms. It first describes the “adaptive toolbox” ... More


The Dogma of “the” Scientific Method

Douglas Allchin

in Sacred Bovines: The Ironies of Misplaced Assumptions in Biology

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780190490362
eISBN:
9780197559659
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190490362.003.0009
Subject:
Education, Teaching of a Specific Subject

It’s altogether too easy to reduce all method in science to a simple algorithm. Hypothesize, deduce (or predict), test, evaluate, conclude. It seems like a handy formula for authority. “The” ... More


Evolved Decision Makers in Organizations

Peter DeScioli, Robert Kurzban, and Peter M. Todd

in The Biological Foundations of Organizational Behavior

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780226127156
eISBN:
9780226127293
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226127293.003.0009
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies

Managers and leaders in organizations commonly use incentives to influence people's behavior. However, people are much more than simple incentive-chasers, they are computational problem solvers. Here ... More


Data access revisited: The Interactive Language Toolbox

Serge Verlinde and Geert Peeters

in Electronic Lexicography

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199654864
eISBN:
9780191745966
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199654864.003.0008
Subject:
Linguistics, Lexicography, Semantics and Pragmatics

It is generally accepted that one of the main advantages of electronic dictionaries over paper dictionaries is the speed with which information can be retrieved. In most electronic dictionaries, ... More


How to Improve Your Own Scientific Thinking

Bradley E. Alger

in Defense of the Scientific Hypothesis: From Reproducibility Crisis to Big Data

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9780190881481
eISBN:
9780190093761
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190881481.003.0014
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

Chapter 14 suggests concrete ways to improve your scientific thinking about your own hypotheses and how to identify them in the scientific publications of others. The chapter continues exploration of ... More


Introduction: Little Rocks

Susan Falls

in Clarity, Cut, and Culture: The Many Meanings of Diamonds

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9781479810666
eISBN:
9781479877430
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479810666.003.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, American and Canadian Cultural Anthropology

This introductory chapter explores what diamonds mean, how those meanings come about, and what our interactions with these stones can tell us about ourselves and our relationships with material ... More


Contract Terms in Favour of Third Parties

Andrew Burrows and Christoph Busch

in The Common European Sales Law in Context: Interactions with English and German Law

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199678907
eISBN:
9780191758157
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199678907.003.0014
Subject:
Law, EU Law, Law of Obligations

There are two main uses to which the proposed Common European Sales Law (CESL) or Draft Common Frame of Reference (DCFR) may be put. The first is as an optional instrument which, if the parties ... More


Introduction to Quantum Nanotechnology: A Problem Focused Approach

Duncan G. Steel

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
July 2021
ISBN:
9780192895073
eISBN:
9780191924149
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780192895073.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Quantum physics is rapidly emerging as a transformative approach to expand the frontiers of technology in areas including communications, information processing, metrology, and sensing. Indeed, the ... More


The history, goals, and application of conservation physiology

Christine L. Madliger, Oliver P. Love, Steven J. Cooke, and Craig E. Franklin

in Conservation Physiology: Applications for Wildlife Conservation and Management

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780198843610
eISBN:
9780191879401
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198843610.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology, Ecology

Conservation physiology is a rapidly expanding, multi-disciplinary field that utilizes physiological tools, knowledge, and concepts to understand and solve conservation problems. Here we provide a ... More


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