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Tonal Pitch Space

Fred Lerdahl

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195178296
eISBN:
9780199870370
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195178296.001.0001
Subject:
Music, Theory, Analysis, Composition

This book builds on and in many ways completes the project of Fred Lerdahl and Ray Jackendoff's influential A Generative Theory of Tonal Music. Like the earlier volume, this book is both a ... More


Introduction

Patrick Rebuschat, Martin Rohrmeier, John A. Hawkins, and Ian Cross

in Language and Music as Cognitive Systems

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199553426
eISBN:
9780191731020
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199553426.003.0015
Subject:
Psychology, Music Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter is an introduction to Section 3 (Learning of processing), covering Chapters 16–20. In the next chapter, the target article, the argument frames musical communication as an alignment of ... More


Music as Discourse: Semiotic Adventures in Romantic Music

Kofi Agawu

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195370249
eISBN:
9780199852161
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195370249.001.0001
Subject:
Music, Theory, Analysis, Composition

The question of whether music has meaning has been the subject of sustained debate ever since music became a subject of academic inquiry. Is music a language? Does it communicate specific ideas and ... More


Standard Chinese

San Duanmu

in Syllable Structure: The Limits of Variation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199267590
eISBN:
9780191708367
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267590.003.0005
Subject:
Linguistics, Phonetics / Phonology, Theoretical Linguistics

This chapter offers an analysis of distribution patterns of sounds and syllables in Standard Chinese, including sound frequencies and onset, rhyme, syllable, and tonal frequencies. It also discusses ... More


Shanghai Chinese

San Duanmu

in Syllable Structure: The Limits of Variation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199267590
eISBN:
9780191708367
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267590.003.0006
Subject:
Linguistics, Phonetics / Phonology, Theoretical Linguistics

This chapter offers an analysis of distribution patterns of sounds and syllables in Shanghai Chinese. Of interest is the fact that Shanghai has no diphthongs or contrastive codas. In addition, the ... More


Syllable and tone

San Duanmu

in Syllable Structure: The Limits of Variation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199267590
eISBN:
9780191708367
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267590.003.0007
Subject:
Linguistics, Phonetics / Phonology, Theoretical Linguistics

This chapter discusses the impact of syllable structure on tone loss, tone spreading, and tonal inventory. When a syllable‐tone language loses complex rhymes, it undergoes massive tone loss, tone ... More


Diatonic Space

Fred Lerdahl

in Tonal Pitch Space

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195178296
eISBN:
9780199870370
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195178296.003.0002
Subject:
Music, Theory, Analysis, Composition

This chapter introduces and develops the concept of pitch space, beginning with a distinction between tonal and event hierarchies. After a consideration of previous approaches, the fundamental ... More


Tonal Tension and Attraction

Fred Lerdahl

in Tonal Pitch Space

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195178296
eISBN:
9780199870370
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195178296.003.0004
Subject:
Music, Theory, Analysis, Composition

This chapter applies the pitch-space model to sequences and hierarchies of events to reveal patterns of tonal tension and attraction. Intuitions of tonal tension and relaxation correspond to ... More


Prolongationl Functions

Fred Lerdahl

in Tonal Pitch Space

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195178296
eISBN:
9780199870370
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195178296.003.0005
Subject:
Music, Theory, Analysis, Composition

This chapter elaborates a new approach to tonal and harmonic function. To do this, it establishes a frame of reference; so it first develops a tonic-finding method, based on the principle of the ... More


The Nineteenth‐Century Vernacular

Peter van der Merwe

in Roots of the Classical: The Popular Origins of Western Music

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780198166474
eISBN:
9780191713880
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198166474.003.0014
Subject:
Music, History, Western

Nineteenth-century music spoke essentially the same language, regardless of national differences or height of brow. Its most fundamental feature was the increasing independence of melody, which made ... More


Op. 20 (1772)

Floyd Grave and Margaret Grave

in The String Quartets of Joseph Haydn

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195173574
eISBN:
9780199872152
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195173574.003.0011
Subject:
Music, History, Western

Initially published by La Chevardière in 1774, Op. 20 acquired the name “Sun” from a sunburst image on the title page of Hummel's 1779 edition. Despite resemblances to Opp. 9 and 17, the new quartets ... More


Op. 54/55 (1788)

Floyd Grave and Margaret Grave

in The String Quartets of Joseph Haydn

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195173574
eISBN:
9780199872152
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195173574.003.0014
Subject:
Music, History, Western

Noted for timbral brilliance and an accent on taxing first-violin delivery, this set, Op. 54/55, is traditionally linked to the violinist Johann Tost, who served as a middleman in its sale. ... More


The Ramellian Paradigm

Peter van der Merwe

in Roots of the Classical: The Popular Origins of Western Music

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780198166474
eISBN:
9780191713880
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198166474.003.0003
Subject:
Music, History, Western

The orthodox view is that melody is based on harmony, at least in Western classical music. But this ‘Ramellian paradigm’ (so called because it was given classic expression by Rameau in the early 18th ... More


Empathy

Paul Woodruff

in The Necessity of Theater: The Art of Watching and Being Watched

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195332001
eISBN:
9780199868186
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195332001.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

Good audiences bring a capacity for empathy to theater. “Empathy” is used for a variety of emotional responses to others, some of which are goals of the art of theater more than others. Some ... More


Musical correlates of perceived tonal hierarchies

Carol L. Krumhansl

in Cognitive Foundations of Musical Pitch

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195148367
eISBN:
9780199893201
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195148367.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter asks what objective properties of music are correlated with the tonal hierarchies measured in the experiments. Two possibilities are examined in detail: tonal consonance and the ... More


Perceived relations between musical tones

Carol L. Krumhansl

in Cognitive Foundations of Musical Pitch

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195148367
eISBN:
9780199893201
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195148367.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter considers the question of how tones are heard in relation to one another. The experiment that is central to this chapter presents all possible pairs of successive tones following a ... More


Classical Music and the Subject of Modernity1: ASPECTS OF ART LECTURE

JOHN BUTT

in Proceedings of the British Academy, Volume 154, 2007 Lectures

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264355
eISBN:
9780191734052
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264355.003.0016
Subject:
History, Cultural History

This lecture presents the text of the speech about classical music and modernity delivered by the author at the 2007 Aspects of Art Lecture held at the British Academy. It discusses the development ... More


The Origins of Music

Carl Stumpf

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199695737
eISBN:
9780191742286
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199695737.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Music Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This book was first published in German in 1911. The text sets out a path-breaking hypothesis on the earliest musical sounds in human culture. Alongside research in such diverse fields as classical ... More


Part II: Songs of primitive peoples

Carl Stumpf

in The Origins of Music

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199695737
eISBN:
9780191742286
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199695737.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Music Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter presents Part II of Carl Stumpf's The Origins of Music, which analyses of melodies from non-European cultures to demonstrate the psychological principles of tonal organization. It ... More


Perceptual organization and pitch memory

Carol L. Krumhansl

in Cognitive Foundations of Musical Pitch

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195148367
eISBN:
9780199893201
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195148367.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The first chapter began with the observation that listeners do not hear the sounded events in music as isolated units. Rather, listeners perceive the events functioning in larger pitch and rhythmic ... More


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