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John Buridan

Gyula Klima

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195176223
eISBN:
9780199871957
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195176223.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Church History

John Buridan (ca. 1300–1362) has worked out perhaps the most comprehensive account of nominalism in the history of Western thought, the philosophical doctrine according to which the only universals ... More


Works of Music: An Essay in Ontology

Julian Dodd

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199284375
eISBN:
9780191713743
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199284375.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

This book gives a sustained defence of the simple view of the ontological nature of works of pure, instrumental music. The simple view is the conjunction of two theses: the type/token theory and ... More


Asking Questions: Using meaningful structures to imply ignorance

Robert Fiengo

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199208418
eISBN:
9780191695735
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199208418.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This book examines a central phenomenon of language — the use of sentences to ask questions. Although there is a sizable literature on the syntax and semantics of interrogatives, the logic of ... More


The Ontology of Mind: Events, Processes, and States

Helen Steward

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198250647
eISBN:
9780191681318
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198250647.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This book puts forward a radical critique of the foundations of contemporary philosophy of mind, arguing that it relies too heavily on insecure assumptions about the nature of some of the sorts of ... More


Individual Freedom: Actions

Ian Carter

in A Measure of Freedom

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294535
eISBN:
9780191598951
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294530.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Defending a non-value-based and therefore purely empirical conception of overall freedom must involve showing how available actions can, at least in theory, be individuated and counted. The problems ... More


Buridan’s Logic and the Medieval Logical Tradition

Gyula Klima

in John Buridan

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195176223
eISBN:
9780199871957
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195176223.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Church History

The second chapter spells out Buridan’s conception of logic as a practical science, teaching us, as logica docens, to heed the valid rules of reasoning embedded in our logical practice, logica utens. ... More


Propositions and truth

Pieter A. M. Seuren

in Language in Cognition

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199559473
eISBN:
9780191721137
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199559473.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

Thought as expressed in language is propositionally structured. The notion of proposition is explained in a historical context. Utterance tokens are per se context‐dependent: they are contextually ... More


Tokens for stereopsis

Ian P. Howard and Brian J. Rogers

in Seeing in Depth: Volume 1: Basic Mechanics/ Volume 2: Depth Perception 2-Volume Set

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195367607
eISBN:
9780199867264
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195367607.003.0018
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

The spatial separation of the eyes causes a difference in the images in the two eyes formed by a solid object. These differences, or binocular disparities, form the basis for stereoscopic vision. ... More


Introduction

Julian Dodd

in Works of Music: An Essay in Ontology

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199284375
eISBN:
9780191713743
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199284375.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

This chapter both introduces the simple view in the ontology of music and explains its scope. In essence, the simple view consists of an answer to two questions: the categorial question and the ... More


Musical Works as Compositional Actions: A Critique

Julian Dodd

in Works of Music: An Essay in Ontology

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199284375
eISBN:
9780191713743
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199284375.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

This chapter completes the case for the type/token theory by favourably contrasting it with the conception of musical works as compositional actions. Two versions of this competitor theory are ... More


Communities of Style: Musical Figures of Black Diasporic Identity

Veit Erlmann

in Music, Modernity, and the Global Imagination: South Africa and the West

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195123678
eISBN:
9780199868797
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195123678.003.0015
Subject:
Music, Ethnomusicology, World Music

This chapter focuses on the song “Mbube” by Solomon Linda, a South African classic and milestone in the evolution of isicathamiya. “Mbube” has become the subject of many cover versions, most notably ... More


The Doctrinal and Normative Basis of the Double-Jeopardy Requirement

Michael S. Moore

in Act and Crime: The Philosophy of Action and its Implications for Criminal Law

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199599509
eISBN:
9780191594656
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599509.003.0012
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

Anglo-American constitutional law prohibits a person from being twice put in jeopardy for ‘the same offense.’ In the United States this seemingly simple requirement has generated a doctrinal thicket ... More


Legal, Moral, and Metaphysical Notions of the ‘Sameness’ of Act-Tokens

Michael S. Moore

in Act and Crime: The Philosophy of Action and its Implications for Criminal Law

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199599509
eISBN:
9780191594656
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599509.003.0014
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

Here the problem is not counting the number of wrongs a given act does; rather, it is the problem of counting how many times a given wrong is done; robbing a bank on Monday, then again on Tuesday, ... More


Reliabilism and the Value of Knowledge

Alvin I. Goldman and Erik J. Olsson

in Reliabilism and Contemporary Epistemology: Essays

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199812875
eISBN:
9780199933150
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199812875.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, General

This chapter discusses two possible solutions to the value-of-knowledge problem. It first discusses the conditional probability solution, which was formulated and defended by Erik Olsson. It then ... More


Stimulus tokens for stereopsis

Ian P. Howard and Brian J. Rogers

in Perceiving in Depth: Volume 2 Stereoscopic Vision

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199764150
eISBN:
9780199949366
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199764150.003.0199
Subject:
Psychology, Vision, Cognitive Psychology

Binocular disparities used for stereoscopic vision can be based on any of several stimulus tokens. These tokens include differences in position, orientation, texture, color, temporal phase, or ... More


Sense and Partial Extension

Gary Ebbs

in Truth and Words

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199557936
eISBN:
9780191721403
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557936.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, General

The previous chapter concluded that no substantive theory of reference fits with our practical judgment that tokens of ‘gold’ used by English speakers today have the same extension as tokens of ... More


Generalist Theories of Causation

Michael S. Moore

in Causation and Responsibility: An Essay in Law, Morals, and Metaphysics

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199256860
eISBN:
9780191719653
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199256860.003.0019
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter returns to the metaphysics of the causal relation proper. It examines generalist theories of causation, theories that seek to reduce that relation between states of affairs tokens, to ... More


Sex and Sexual Relationships

BONNIE S. McDOUGALL

in Love-Letters and Privacy in Modern China: The Intimate Lives of Lu Xun and Xu Guangping

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199256792
eISBN:
9780191698378
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199256792.003.0014
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This chapter examines the love affair between Lu Xun and Xu Guangping, and their sexual relationships with others. The salient issue on which Lu Xun and Xu Guangping were most reticent was sex. Even ... More


The intentionality of words

Ori Simchen

in Necessary Intentionality: A Study in the Metaphysics of Aboutness

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199608515
eISBN:
9780191738241
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608515.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Language

Having gone through the modal metaphysical background in the first two chapters, the third chapter turns to examining the question of whether nouns are necessarily about whatever they are about or ... More


The Material Poetics of Tragic Recognition

Melissa Mueller

in Objects As Actors: Props and the Poetics of Performance in Greek Tragedy

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226312958
eISBN:
9780226313009
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226313009.003.0003
Subject:
Classical Studies, Plays and Playwrights: Classical, Early, and Medieval

Chapter 3 tackles the use (and abuse) of material tokens in tragic scenes of recognition, focusing primarily on Euripides’ Ionand Electra. The tokens reuniting Ion with his mother are replicas ... More


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