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Tobacco

Stephanie Zaza, Peter A. Briss, and Kate W. Harris

in The Guide to Community Preventive Services: What works to promote health?

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195151091
eISBN:
9780199864973
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195151091.003.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter summarizes the conclusions and recommendations from the Task Force on interventions to reduce the initiation of tobacco use, to increase tobacco use cessation, and to reduce the exposure ... More


The epidemic in India

Prakash C. Gupta and Cecily S. Ray

in Tobacco: Science, policy and public health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199566655
eISBN:
9780191594410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566655.003.0012
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter traces the growth of the tobacco epidemic in India. Topics covered include the introduction of tobacco, evolution of tobacco use, tobacco production, tobacco use, the burden caused by ... More


Tobacco use and risk of oral cancer

Tongzhang Zheng, Peter Boyle, Bing Zhang, Yawei Zhang, Patricia H. Owens, Qing Lan, and John Wise

in Tobacco: Science, policy and public health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199566655
eISBN:
9780191594410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566655.003.0022
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter reviews epidemiological studies on the link between oral cancer and tobacco product use, including cigarette smoking, pipe tobacco and cigar smoking, and smokeless tobacco use (snuff ... More


Tobacco harm reduction

Dorothy Hatsukami and Mark Parascandola

in Tobacco: Science, policy and public health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199566655
eISBN:
9780191594410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566655.003.0040
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses the issue of tobacco harm reduction. Tobacco harm reduction can be considered as one approach to reduce tobacco-caused mortality and morbidity, but should not be considered as ... More


Globalization and Tobacco

Derek Yach, Heather Wipfli, Ross Hammond, and Stanton Glantz

in Globalization and Health

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195172997
eISBN:
9780199865659
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195172997.003.0003
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter reviews the evolving economic and social system sustaining the growing tobacco epidemic in order to identify how globalization is affecting the industry, governments, and tobacco control ... More


Tobacco

MICHAEL J. THUN and S. JANE HENLEY

in Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195149616
eISBN:
9780199865062
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195149616.003.0013
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter considers the factors that transformed tobacco use from a ceremonial practice in pre-Columbian times to a global epidemic. It discusses the role of nicotine addiction in sustaining and ... More


WHO—coordinating international tobacco control

Raman Minhas and Douglas Bettcher

in Tobacco: Science, policy and public health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199566655
eISBN:
9780191594410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566655.003.0043
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

The international public health community, led by the World Health Organization (WHO), as well as other governmental and non-governmental institutions, remain committed to the containment of the ... More


Tobacco smoking and tobacco-related harm in the European Union with special attention to the new EU member states

Witold A. Zatónski and Marta Mónczuk

in Tobacco: Science, policy and public health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199566655
eISBN:
9780191594410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566655.003.0011
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter assesses the role of tobacco smoking as a cause of premature mortality in Europe, and its contribution to the health gap between the EU10 and EU15 countries, using several complementary ... More


Adolescent Smoking and the Media

Roger J.R. Levesque

in Adolescents, Media, and the Law: What developmental science reveals and free speech requires

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195320442
eISBN:
9780199893782
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195320442.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

This chapter first examines the media's smoking images and their potential effects. It then moves to understand how the media affects adolescents' smoking, place smoking in the context of adolescent ... More


Thank You for Not Smoking: The Public Health Response to Tobacco-Related Mortality in the United States

Michael P. Eriksen, Lawrence W. Green, Corinne G. Husten, Linda L. Pederson, and Terry F. Pechacek

in Silent Victories: The History and Practice of Public Health in Twentieth Century America

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195150698
eISBN:
9780199865185
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195150698.003.20
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Given the broad acceptance of the cigarette in society, the dramatic reduction in smoking over the 20th century is an extraordinary achievement. During the last third of the century, smoking rates ... More


Interaction of tobacco with other risk factors

Albert B. Lowenfels and Patrick Maisonneuve

in Tobacco: Science, policy and public health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199566655
eISBN:
9780191594410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566655.003.0034
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Tobacco exposure causes both malignant and non-malignant disease and has been estimated to be the aetiology of approximately 4% of the global burden of disease. Because of the frequency of smoking, ... More


The great studies of smoking and disease in the twentieth century

Michael J. Thun and S. J. Henley

in Tobacco: Science, policy and public health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199566655
eISBN:
9780191594410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566655.003.0002
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter examines the contributions of several large prospective studies conducted over the second half of the 20th century to our understanding of the health hazards of tobacco use. Beginning in ... More


Roles of tobacco litigation in societal change

Richard A. Daynard

in Tobacco: Science, policy and public health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199566655
eISBN:
9780191594410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566655.003.0035
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Litigation plays at least six different roles in tobacco control. First, the most common and least dramatic role is ordinary enforcement of tobacco-control laws. Second, too frequently governments ... More


Alcohol, Tobacco, and Drug Use among Gay and Bisexual Men

David G. Ostrow and Ron Stall

in Unequal Opportunity: Health Disparities Affecting Gay and Bisexual Men in the United States

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195301533
eISBN:
9780199863815
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195301533.003.0005
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter details the epidemiology of use and abuse of alcohol, tobacco, and recreational drug use among gay and bisexual men in the United States. The review highlights the history of use and ... More


Origins and status of the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control

Vera Luiza da Costa e Silva and Douglas Bettcher

in Tobacco: Science, policy and public health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199566655
eISBN:
9780191594410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566655.003.0042
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses the World Health Organization Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (WHO FCTC). The WHO FCTC is public health history in the making and has become a landmark for the future ... More


Tobacco Use During Pregnancy: Epidemiology and Effects on Offspring

Jennifer A. Willford, Nancy L. Day, and Marie D. Cornelius

in Brain Development: Normal Processes and the Effects of Alcohol and Nicotine

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195183139
eISBN:
9780199865147
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195183139.003.0019
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

This chapter reviews the epidemiology of tobacco use during pregnancy and then focuses on the effects of prenatal tobacco exposure (PTE). There PTE has significant effects on the growth, cognitive ... More


Evaluating the health burden of chronic diseases: What is the current and future impact of chronic diseases on health?

David Stuckler and Sanjay Basu

in Sick Societies: Responding to the global challenge of chronic disease

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199574407
eISBN:
9780191731204
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199574407.003.0009
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Chronic diseases are long-term conditions. They are typically not caused by a single infection, but by exposure to multiple, often human-produced hazards. This chapter sets out the four leading ... More


The Guide to Community Preventive Services: What works to promote health?

Task Force on Community Preventive Services

Stephanie Zaza, Peter A. Briss, and Kate W. Harris (eds)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195151091
eISBN:
9780199864973
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195151091.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This book is a primary resource on how to improve health and prevent disease in states and communities. The book uses systemic review methods to evaluate population-oriented health interventions. The ... More


Smoking and cancer of the oesophagus

Eva Negri

in Tobacco: Science, policy and public health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199566655
eISBN:
9780191594410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566655.003.0021
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter reviews studies on the link between smoking and cancer of the oesophagus. In 2002, it was estimated that there were 315,000 new cases of oesophageal cancer (OC) among men and 145,000 ... More


Laryngeal cancer

Paolo Boffetta

in Tobacco: Science, policy and public health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199566655
eISBN:
9780191594410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566655.003.0020
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter reviews studies on the link between smoking and laryngeal cancer. Tobacco smoking plays by far the largest aetiological role in laryngeal carcinogenesis, either alone or in combination ... More


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