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Transatlantic Risk Perceptions, Public Health, and Environmental Concerns: Coming Together or Drifting Apart?

Paulette Kurzer

in The State of the European Union Vol. 7: With US or Against US? European Trends in American Perspective

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199283958
eISBN:
9780191603297
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199283958.003.0013
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

Why has the problem of tobacco energized NGOs and policy entrepreneurs in the USA but much less in the EU? Why has transgenic food provoked similar kinds of collective responses in the EU, but much ... More


International Smoking Statistics: A collection of historical data from 30 economically developed countries

Barbara Forey, Jan Hamling, Peter Lee, and Nicholas Wald (eds)

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198508564
eISBN:
9780191723773
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508564.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

International Smoking Statistics presents a valuable collection of smoking data relating to thirty countries—most of Europe, and also Australia, Canada, Japan, New Zealand, USA, and the ... More


The Corporation Under Siege: Social Movements, Regulation, Public Relations, and Tort Law since the Second World War

David B. Sicilia

in Constructing Corporate America: History, Politics, Culture

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199251902
eISBN:
9780191719059
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199251902.003.0008
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

This chapter examines the experiences of three US industries — chemical manufacturing, tobacco, and nuclear power — that came under political, legal, and rhetorical attack following World War II, and ... More


Reconciling Public Health and Investor Rights: The Case of Tobacco

Valentina Sara Vadi

in Human Rights in International Investment Law and Arbitration

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199578184
eISBN:
9780191722561
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199578184.003.0019
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Public International Law

This chapter explores the linkage between investment law and international instruments protecting public health, focussing on the specific issue of tobacco control. Since the recent inception of the ... More


Balkan Smoke: Tobacco and the Making of Modern Bulgaria

Mary C. Neuburger

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801450846
eISBN:
9780801465949
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801450846.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This book leads readers along the Bulgarian–Ottoman caravan routes and into the coffeehouses of Istanbul and Sofia. It reveals how a remote country was drawn into global economic networks through ... More


Nicotine content in tobacco and tobacco smoke

Mirjana V. Djordjevic

in Tobacco: Science, policy and public health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199566655
eISBN:
9780191594410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566655.003.0010
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter shows that all tobaccos used for factory and hand-made products (e.g., Oriental, Virginia, burley, reconstituted tobacco sheets) contain nicotine and many other alkaloids. The ... More


Roles of tobacco litigation in societal change

Richard A. Daynard

in Tobacco: Science, policy and public health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199566655
eISBN:
9780191594410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566655.003.0035
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Litigation plays at least six different roles in tobacco control. First, the most common and least dramatic role is ordinary enforcement of tobacco-control laws. Second, too frequently governments ... More


Tobacco harm reduction

Dorothy Hatsukami and Mark Parascandola

in Tobacco: Science, policy and public health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199566655
eISBN:
9780191594410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566655.003.0040
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses the issue of tobacco harm reduction. Tobacco harm reduction can be considered as one approach to reduce tobacco-caused mortality and morbidity, but should not be considered as ... More


Influencing politicians to implement comprehensive tobacco control: the power of news media

Simon Chapman

in Tobacco: Science, policy and public health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199566655
eISBN:
9780191594410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566655.003.0041
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter provides a brief practitioners' guide to some fundamental principles of tobacco control advocacy in its core tasks of convincing politicians to act and supporting them when they do. ... More


WHO—coordinating international tobacco control

Raman Minhas and Douglas Bettcher

in Tobacco: Science, policy and public health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199566655
eISBN:
9780191594410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566655.003.0043
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

The international public health community, led by the World Health Organization (WHO), as well as other governmental and non-governmental institutions, remain committed to the containment of the ... More


A Product with Global Potential

Howard Cox

in The Global Cigarette: Origins and Evolution of British American Tobacco, 1880-1945

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198292210
eISBN:
9780191684890
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198292210.003.0002
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History, International Business

This chapter discusses U.S.-based American Tobacco Company's (ATC) acquisition of Ogden's Limited, a well-known tobacco and cigarette ... More


The Global Cigarette: Origins and Evolution of British American Tobacco, 1880-1945

Howard Cox

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198292210
eISBN:
9780191684890
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198292210.001.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History, International Business

During the 1880s, the tobacco manufacturing industries of Britain and America were revolutionized by the introduction of mechanized cigarette production. The ... More


Conducting Longitudinal Studies

Jorge Delva, Paula Allen-Meares, and Sandra L. Momper

in Cross-Cultural Research

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195382501
eISBN:
9780199777419
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195382501.003.0004
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

In this chapter we present two examples of longitudinal studies. Both studies utilize an etic–emic approach and both are underway in urban, cosmopolitan areas. In both studies the etic approach stems ... More


Tobacco: Science, policy and public health

Peter Boyle, Nigel Gray, Jack Henningfield, John Seffrin, and Witold Zatonski (eds)

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199566655
eISBN:
9780191594410
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566655.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This book covers the science and policy issues relevant to one of the major public health disasters of modern times. It pulls together the aetiology and burden of the myriad of tobacco-related ... More


Roles of haemolymph proteins in antimicrobial defences of Manduca sexta

Emily J. Ragan, Chunju An, Haobo Jiang, and Michael R. Kanost

in Insect Infection and Immunity: Evolution, Ecology, and Mechanisms

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199551354
eISBN:
9780191720505
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199551354.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

This chapter discusses recent advances in our understanding of plasma proteins in the immune responses of the tobacco hornworm, Manduca sexta. It focuses on microbial pattern recognition proteins, ... More


Market manipulation: how the tobacco industry recruits and retains smokers

Wakefield Melanie

in Tobacco: Science, policy and public health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199566655
eISBN:
9780191594410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566655.003.0004
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

The tobacco industry has been spectacularly successful in marketing its products over a long period of time. Advertising campaigns for cigarette brands such as Marlboro, Benson & Hedges, Winston, ... More


Tobacco carcinogenesis: mechanisms and biomarkers

Stephen S. Hecht

in Tobacco: Science, policy and public health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199566655
eISBN:
9780191594410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566655.003.0007
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

The indisputable relationship between the world's most widespread exogenous chemical carcinogen exposure — tobacco smoke — and cancer, provides a framework for a better understanding of cancer ... More


Pharmacology of tobacco addiction

Jack E. Henningfield and Neal L. Benowitz

in Tobacco: Science, policy and public health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199566655
eISBN:
9780191594410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566655.003.0008
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses the mechanisms underlying dependence on tobacco and nicotine. Topics covered include the pharmacology of nicotine, dose-related effects, nicotine toxicology, a comparison of ... More


Manipulating product design to reinforce tobacco addiction

Geoffrey Ferris Wayne and Carrie M. Carpenter

in Tobacco: Science, policy and public health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199566655
eISBN:
9780191594410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566655.003.0009
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter shows how tobacco manufacturers began programmes for manipulation of nicotine more than fifty years ago and refined these efforts over decades, altering product characteristics in order ... More


The epidemic in India

Prakash C. Gupta and Cecily S. Ray

in Tobacco: Science, policy and public health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199566655
eISBN:
9780191594410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566655.003.0012
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter traces the growth of the tobacco epidemic in India. Topics covered include the introduction of tobacco, evolution of tobacco use, tobacco production, tobacco use, the burden caused by ... More


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