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Creating Language: Integrating Evolution, Acquisition, and Processing

Morten H. Christiansen and Nick Chater

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780262034319
eISBN:
9780262334778
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262034319.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

Language is a hallmark of the human species; the flexibility and unbounded expressivity of our linguistic abilities is unique in the biological world. In this book, Morten Christiansen and Nick ... More


Language Created across Multiple Timescales

Morten H. Christiansen and Nick Chater

in Creating Language: Integrating Evolution, Acquisition, and Processing

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780262034319
eISBN:
9780262334778
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262034319.003.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

The apparently unified picture of language and language processing from classical cognitive science does not provide a compelling picture: the relationship between processing and acquisition is ... More


From Fragmentation to Integration

Morten H. Christiansen and Nick Chater

in Creating Language: Integrating Evolution, Acquisition, and Processing

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780262034319
eISBN:
9780262334778
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262034319.003.0008
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

This book presents an overarching framework for the language sciences that may be seen as ignoring long-held theoretical distinctions in mainstream (generative) linguistics: core linguistic phenomena ... More


The Multiple Timescales of Memory

Reza Shadmehr and Sandro Mussa-Ivaldi

in Biological Learning and Control: How the Brain Builds Representations, Predicts Events, and Makes Decisions

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262016964
eISBN:
9780262301282
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016964.003.0009
Subject:
Neuroscience, Research and Theory

This chapter addresses the multiple timescales of memory. It explains the savings and spontaneous recovery of memory. It shows that animals display patterns of learning and forgetting. The active and ... More


Third Nature

Lorraine Daston

in Science in the Archives: Pasts, Presents, Futures

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780226432229
eISBN:
9780226432533
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226432533.003.0014
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

First nature is the teeming, tangled complexity of phenomena as they happen; second nature is the systematic and selective investigation of phenomena in the laboratory, the observatory, and the ... More


Development of Functional Hierarchy for Action

Jun Tani

in Exploring Robotic Minds: Actions, Symbols, and Consciousness as Self-Organizing Dynamic Phenomena

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780190281069
eISBN:
9780190281083
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190281069.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures

Chapter 9 addresses the issue of hierarchy in cognitive systems. For this purpose, we propose a dynamic model (the MTRNN) that is characterized by its multiple timescale and examine how a functional ... More


Timescales for Understanding the Agency of Infants and Caregivers

Joanna Rączaszek-Leonardi

in Distributed Agency

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
February 2017
ISBN:
9780190457204
eISBN:
9780190457235
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190457204.003.0017
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

From the moment of birth, the interactions of infants with their caregivers have a rich social and cultural structure. In repetitive, often goal-structured, events, infant’s attention and perception ... More


The nature of sound

Curtis Roads

in Composing Electronic Music: A New Aesthetic

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780195373233
eISBN:
9780190232900
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195373233.003.0003
Subject:
Music, Theory, Analysis, Composition

Understanding the nature of sound, its properties and physics, is of prime importance for composers today. Chapter 3 examines both the physical and psychoacoustical properties of sound materials: ... More


Social Psychology of Alcohol Involvement, Marital Dissolution, and Marital Interaction Processes Across Multiple Timescales

James A. Cranford and Catharine E. Fairbairn

in Alcohol Use Disorders: A Developmental Science Approach to Etiology

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780190676001
eISBN:
9780190676032
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190676001.003.0019
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Clinical Psychology

This chapter reviews research on the association between alcohol involvement and marital dissolution. It describes an emerging theoretical framework for research on substance use and marriage based ... More


Key-postures, trajectories and sonic shapes

Rolf Inge Godøy

in Music and Shape

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780199351411
eISBN:
9780199351442
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199351411.003.0002
Subject:
Music, Psychology of Music

The focus of this chapter is on how our notions of shape in music emerge from experiences of sound-producing body motion such as hitting, stroking, bowing, shaking or blowing. Sound-producing body ... More


Comparative Analysis, Tools, and Questions

Kathleen M. Araújo

in Low Carbon Energy Transitions: Turning Points in National Policy and Innovation

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199362554
eISBN:
9780197562901
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199362554.003.0011
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Sustainability

This chapter returns to the overarching questions of this book, namely, how can national energy transitions be explained, to what extent do patterns of change align and differ in the transitions of ... More


Past Changes in Ocean Carbonate Chemistry

Richard E. Zeebe and Andy Ridgwell

in Ocean Acidification

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199591091
eISBN:
9780191918001
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199591091.003.0007
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Oceanography and Hydrology

Over the period from 1750 to 2000, the oceans have absorbed about one-third of the carbon dioxide (CO2) emitted by humans. As the CO2 dissolves in seawater, the oceans become more acidic and ... More


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