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Explaining Cooperation in Post–Cold War Military Interventions

Sarah E. Kreps

in Coalitions of Convenience: United States Military Interventions after the Cold War

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199753796
eISBN:
9780199827152
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199753796.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter develops the argument, drawing on theories of cooperation to develop the two main factors critical to whether states cooperate in times of war: time horizon and operational commitment. ... More


Agreeable Plans

James A. Mirrlees and Peter J. Hammond

in Welfare, Incentives, and Taxation

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198295211
eISBN:
9780191685095
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198295211.003.0023
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter discusses the non-existence of optimum growth, the maximal locally optimal path, and the existence of agreeable plans. It is determined that agreeable plans exist in all cases where any ... More


Institutional Investor Engagement Propensity

Roderick Martin, Peter D. Casson, and Tahir M. Nisar

in Investor Engagement: Investors and Management Practice under Shareholder Value

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199202607
eISBN:
9780191707896
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199202607.003.0003
Subject:
Business and Management, Finance, Accounting, and Banking

Different types of institutional investors have different propensities to engage, influenced by the regulatory environment, the size and distribution of their portfolios, their time horizons, and the ... More


Investor Engagement

Roderick Martin, Peter D. Casson, and Tahir M. Nisar

in Investor Engagement: Investors and Management Practice under Shareholder Value

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199202607
eISBN:
9780191707896
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199202607.003.0002
Subject:
Business and Management, Finance, Accounting, and Banking

Investor engagement ranges across a spectrum, from indirect/laissez-faire relations to direct investor involvement in specific areas of management practice. The methods of engagement range from ... More


Time Horizons and International Politics

David M. Edelstein

in Over the Horizon: Time, Uncertainty, and the Rise of Great Powers

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9781501707568
eISBN:
9781501709449
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501707568.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

This chapter presents the theoretical argument of the book. In short, the argument accounts for unexpected levels of cooperation by focusing on the incentives of state leaders to capture short-term ... More


Advanced Cost-Effectiveness Analysis

Diana B. Petitti

in Meta-Analysis, Decision Analysis, and Cost-Effectiveness Analysis

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195133646
eISBN:
9780199863761
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195133646.003.12
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter introduces more advanced methods used in conduct of cost-effectiveness analyses that are built on the results of decision analysis. It describes the main types of cost analysis used to ... More


Over the Horizon: Time, Uncertainty, and the Rise of Great Powers

David M. Edelstein

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9781501707568
eISBN:
9781501709449
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501707568.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

This book examines how existing great powers in international relations respond to the rise or resurgence of other great powers. More specifically, it seeks to account for why existing powers often ... More


Introduction: Competition, Cooperation, and the Rise of Great Powers

David M. Edelstein

in Over the Horizon: Time, Uncertainty, and the Rise of Great Powers

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9781501707568
eISBN:
9781501709449
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501707568.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

The introduction establishes the puzzle motivating the book: what explains variation in the strategies that existing powers pursue toward rising great powers? The puzzle is central to international ... More


Decision Models in Cost-Effectiveness Analysis

Karen M. Kuntz, Louise B. Russell, Douglas K. Owens, Gillian D. Sanders, Thomas A. Trikalinos, and Joshua A. Salomon

in Cost-Effectiveness in Health and Medicine

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780190492939
eISBN:
9780190492960
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190492939.003.0005
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This is a new chapter and underscores recent advances in the field. Analysts typically face situations in which the data available about the costs and effects of different interventions come from ... More


The Somatic Marker Hypothesis and Its Neural Basis: Using Past Experiences to Forecast the Future in Decision Making

Antoine Bechara

in Predictions in the Brain: Using Our Past to Generate a Future

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195395518
eISBN:
9780199897230
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195395518.003.0048
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter proposes a neural framework for how some of the factors affecting decision-making may be implemented in the ventromedial prefrontal cortex (vmPFC). Information conveying delay in the ... More


What is a Horizon?: Navigating Thresholds in Climate Change Uncertainty

Adriana Petryna

in Modes of Uncertainty: Anthropological Cases

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780226257075
eISBN:
9780226257242
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226257242.003.0009
Subject:
Anthropology, Anthropology, Global

This essay analyzes the shift from incremental to exponential accelerations in atmospheric CO2 and its implications for the science and governance of climate change. It examines some of the models ... More


The Resurgence of Interwar Germany

David M. Edelstein

in Over the Horizon: Time, Uncertainty, and the Rise of Great Powers

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9781501707568
eISBN:
9781501709449
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501707568.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

While Hitler’s Germany in the 1930’s has received abundant attention, this chapter begins earlier in the interwar period. Throughout the 1920’s, Europe’s great powers debated how to manage a defeated ... More


The Arrival of Imperial Germany

David M. Edelstein

in Over the Horizon: Time, Uncertainty, and the Rise of Great Powers

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9781501707568
eISBN:
9781501709449
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501707568.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

Germany was unified in 1871, creating a new great power in the center of Europe. Surprisingly, the first concerted effort to balance against Germany did not come until the Franco-Russian Alliance in ... More


Designing a Cost-Effectiveness Analysis

Douglas K. Owens, Joanna E. Siegel, Mark J. Sculpher, and Joshua A. Salomon

in Cost-Effectiveness in Health and Medicine

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780190492939
eISBN:
9780190492960
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190492939.003.0004
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter provides an overview of how to design a cost-effectiveness analysis (CEA). The chapter highlights the importance of early conceptualization and planning steps to define the objectives, ... More


Conclusion and the contemporary Rise of China

David M. Edelstein

in Over the Horizon: Time, Uncertainty, and the Rise of Great Powers

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9781501707568
eISBN:
9781501709449
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501707568.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

The concluding chapter of the book begins by reviewing the argument and the evidence presented throughout the book. It then turns to a discussion of the theoretical and policy implications of the ... More


How scenario planning is done: The OSPA in action

Rafael Ramírez and Angela Wilkinson

in Strategic Reframing: The Oxford Scenario Planning Approach

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780198745693
eISBN:
9780191807695
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198745693.003.0005
Subject:
Business and Management, Public Management, Strategy

This chapter explains the OSPA methodology and describes method choices to help skilled practitioners to improve the effectiveness of scenario planning in practice. A major choice is between ... More


The Role of Economic Evaluation in Dissemination and Implementation Research

Ramesh Raghavan

in Dissemination and Implementation Research in Health: Translating Science to Practice

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2017
ISBN:
9780190683214
eISBN:
9780190683245
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190683214.003.0006
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter presents an overview of how D&I research can be evaluated from an economic point of view. Dissemination and implementation imposes costs upon knowledge purveyors, provider organizations, ... More


Defending Frenemies: Alliances, Politics, and Nuclear Nonproliferation in US Foreign Policy

Jeffrey W. Taliaferro

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780190939304
eISBN:
9780190939342
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190939304.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Defending Frenemies examines the nonproliferation strategies that the United States pursued toward vulnerable and often obstreperous allies in three volatile regions of the globe, the Middle East, ... More


The United States and Pakistan’s Nuclear Weapons Program, 1975–1990

Jeffrey W. Taliaferro

in Defending Frenemies: Alliances, Politics, and Nuclear Nonproliferation in US Foreign Policy

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780190939304
eISBN:
9780190939342
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190939304.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Chapter 4 examines the proliferation dispute between the United States and Pakistan. As with the Middle East, averting containment failure in South Asia was the overriding aim of the Ford, Carter, ... More


The United States and Israel’s Nuclear Weapons Program, 1961–1973

Jeffrey W. Taliaferro

in Defending Frenemies: Alliances, Politics, and Nuclear Nonproliferation in US Foreign Policy

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780190939304
eISBN:
9780190939342
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190939304.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Chapter 3 posits that the overriding objective of the Kennedy, Johnson, and Nixon administrations was to avoid containment failure in the Middle East. Thwarting the Israeli nuclear weapons program ... More


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