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Introduction

Roy A. Sorensen

in Thought Experiments

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195129137
eISBN:
9780199786138
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019512913X.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This introductory chapter begins with a brief description of the purpose of this book, which is to present a general theory of thought experiments. The discussion includes thought experiments from ... More


Prologue: Vision to Voice

David F. Armstrong and Sherman E. Wilcox

in The Gestural Origin of Language

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195163483
eISBN:
9780199867523
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195163483.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This prologue begins with a description of an old thought experiment. The experiment imagines a situation where twenty-four human infants, twelve males and twelve females, are raised in a setting ... More


Philosophy without Intuitions

Herman Cappelen

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199644865
eISBN:
9780191739026
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199644865.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The claim that contemporary analytic philosophers rely extensively on intuitions as evidence is almost universally accepted in current meta-philosophical debates and it figures prominently in our ... More


Galileo and the Indispensability of Scientific Thought Experiment

Tamar Szabó Gendler

in Intuition, Imagination, and Philosophical Methodology

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199589760
eISBN:
9780191595486
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199589760.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This chapter argues that thought experiments play a distinctive role in scientific inquiry. Reasoning about particular entities within the context of an imaginary scenario can lead to rationally ... More


Meta‐conceivability and Thought Experiments

Roy Sorensen

in The Architecture of the Imagination: New Essays on Pretence, Possibility, and Fiction

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199275731
eISBN:
9780191706103
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199275731.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

A meta-conception is a hypothetical one. It answers a question by imagining someone (usually a more able conceiver) answering that question via an act of imagination. Thus, meta-conceptions stand to ... More


A Wider Role for Analogies

Paul F. A. Bartha

in By Parallel Reasoning: The Construction and Evaluation of Analogical Arguments

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195325539
eISBN:
9780199776313
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195325539.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This concluding chapter outlines how my theory of analogical arguments can be extended to analogies in scientific revolutions and, more generally, outside science. As an example, Hacking's analogical ... More


The Puzzle Diagnosed and Dissolved

Gary Ebbs

in Truth and Words

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199557936
eISBN:
9780191721403
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557936.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter further elucidates the new conception of truth and words described in Chapter 4 by showing how it dissolves the apparent puzzle raised by the thought experiment of Chapter 6; ... More


Words, Concepts and Epistemology

Jessica Brown

in Knowledge Ascriptions

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199693702
eISBN:
9780191741265
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199693702.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter examines the relation between the subject matter and methodology of epistemology. According to a currently popular conception, the subject matter of epistemology is nonconceptual and ... More


The Wonder of Armchair Inquiry

Roy A. Sorensen

in Thought Experiments

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195129137
eISBN:
9780199786138
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019512913X.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter focuses on armchair inquiry. Thought experiment has the feel of clairvoyance, thus eliciting awe in some and suspicion in others. But the wonder of thought experiment is just a special ... More


Fallacies and Antifallacies

Roy A. Sorensen

in Thought Experiments

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195129137
eISBN:
9780199786138
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019512913X.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter examines the hazards and pseudohazards of thought experiment. It attacks most skepticism about thought experiment as arbitrary. It argues that once the standards that are customary for ... More


Thought Experiments

Kathleen V. Wilkes

in Real People: Personal Identity without Thought Experiments

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198240808
eISBN:
9780191680281
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198240808.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This book focuses upon the sorts of things that can happen to the object called a person and the implications that can be drawn from those things. Personal identity has been the ground for bizarre, ... More


Intuition, Imagination, and Philosophical Methodology

Tamar Szabó Gendler

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199589760
eISBN:
9780191595486
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199589760.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This volume consists of fourteen chapters that focus on a trio of interrelated themes. First: what are the powers and limits of appeals to intuition in supporting or refuting various sorts of claims? ... More


Direct Reference and Dancing Qualia

John Hawthorne

in Phenomenal Concepts and Phenomenal Knowledge: New Essays on Consciousness and Physicalism

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195171655
eISBN:
9780199871339
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195171655.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter argues that there is a tension in the semantic views held by certain antiphysicalists. These philosophers accept Fregean arguments against direct-reference theories of ordinary proper ... More


A Thought Experiment: Rapid-Test Screening For Infectious Disease In Airports And Places Of Public Contact 1

Margaret P. Battin, Leslie P. Francis, Jay A. Jacobson, and Charles B. Smith

in The Patient as Victim and Vector: Ethics and Infectious Disease

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195335842
eISBN:
9780199868926
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195335842.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter explores a thought-experiment imagining universal surveillance for all known communicable infectious disease, using rapid tests involving polymerase chain reactions and other methods ... More


Introduction

Tamar Szabó Gendler

in Intuition, Imagination, and Philosophical Methodology

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199589760
eISBN:
9780191595486
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199589760.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This chapter provides an overview of the chapters collected in the volume. It describes how each of the chapters in Part I addresses the question of how thought experiments and appeals to intuition ... More


As a Matter of Fact: Empirical Perspectives on Ethics

John M. Doris and Stephen Stich

in Collected Papers, Volume 2: Knowledge, Rationality, and Morality, 1978-2010

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199733477
eISBN:
9780199949823
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199733477.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter discusses character and virtue ethics, moral motivation, moral disagreement, and the role of thought experiments in ethics. Though it covers a lot of ground, the leitmotif that runs ... More


Our Most Curious Device

Roy A. Sorensen

in Thought Experiments

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195129137
eISBN:
9780199786138
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019512913X.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter illustrates the power of thought experiments by assembling influential thought experiments from the history of science. It lays out the book's plan to understand philosophical thought ... More


Case Studies

Herman Cappelen

in Philosophy without Intuitions

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199644865
eISBN:
9780191739026
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199644865.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter sets about testing empirically the claim that philosophical practice involves an implicit reliance on intuitions. It does this by examining ten philosophical thought experiments in ... More


Introducing the thought experiment

David M. Wilkinson

in Fundamental Processes in Ecology: An earth systems approach

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198568469
eISBN:
9780191717611
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568469.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This introductory chapter sets out the books central thought experiment: ‘For any planet with carbon-based life, which persists over geological time-scales, what is the minimum set of ecological ... More


Thought Experiments Rethought—and Reperceived

Tamar Szabó Gendler

in Intuition, Imagination, and Philosophical Methodology

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199589760
eISBN:
9780191595486
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199589760.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This chapter explores the question of how contemplation of an imaginary scenario can lead to new knowledge about contingent features of the natural world—that is, how it can provide us with relevant ... More


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