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Language Acquisition

Michael Devitt

in Ignorance of Language

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199250967
eISBN:
9780191603945
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199250960.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter takes the familiar arguments for nativism to establish the interesting nativist thesis that “the initial state” of linguistic competence is sufficiently rich that humans can naturally ... More


A Case for the Psychological Reality of Language

Michael Devitt

in Ignorance of Language

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199250967
eISBN:
9780191603945
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199250960.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter begins with the popular “Representational Theory of the Mind” (RTM), according to which a thought involves a mental representation. It then follows Fodor in arguing for the controversial ... More


Language Use

Michael Devitt

in Ignorance of Language

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199250967
eISBN:
9780191603945
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199250960.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter argues that language use does not provide persuasive evidence for the Representational Thesis (RT) view of linguistic competence, and that RT is implausible. RT is not supported by the ... More


Two Approaches to the Nature of Thought

Jose Luis Bermudez

in Thinking without Words

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195159691
eISBN:
9780199849598
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195159691.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter examines two theories related to the human character. It explores the differing responses to the questions of psychological explanations of the behavior of nonlinguistic creatures given ... More


The Language–Thought Interface: An Introduction

Phillip Wolff and Barbara C. Malt

in Words and the Mind: How words capture human experience

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195311129
eISBN:
9780199776924
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311129.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter begins with a discussion of why understanding the language-thought interface is important for cognitive science. It then discusses advances in the understanding of the nature of word ... More


Categories in Mind and Categories in Language: Do Classifier Categories Influence Conceptual Structures?

Mutsumi Imai and Henrik Saalbach

in Words and the Mind: How words capture human experience

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195311129
eISBN:
9780199776924
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311129.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter explores the relation between classifier grammar systems — grammatical systems that categorize objects/entities into over 100 grammatical categories — and how people think about objects. ... More


The Self‐Consciousness Argument: Functionalism and the Corruption of Content

George Bealer

in The Waning of Materialism

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199556182
eISBN:
9780191721014
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199556182.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter targets functionalism as the most cogent form of contemporary materialism. In particular, it takes aim at ‘ontic’ or reductive functionalism: a theory that attempts to specify the ... More


Three psychologies: rationalist, empiricist, and pragmatist

James Russell

in What is Language Development?: Rationalist, empiricist, and pragmatist approaches to the acquisition of syntax

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198530862
eISBN:
9780191728136
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198530862.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This section describes the philosophies of Rationalism, Empiricism, and Pragmatism. With regard to Rationalism, it focuses upon Chomsky's explicit support for this position and how he presents its ... More


Words and the Mind: How words capture human experience

Barbara Malt and Phillip Wolff (eds)

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195311129
eISBN:
9780199776924
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311129.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

The study of word meanings promises important insights into the nature of the human mind by revealing what people find to be most cognitively significant in their experience. However, as we learn ... More


Force Creation and Possible Causers across Languages

Phillip Wolff, Ga-hyun Jeon, Bianca Klettke, and Yu Li

in Words and the Mind: How words capture human experience

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195311129
eISBN:
9780199776924
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311129.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

People have strong expectations about the kinds of entities that can serve as causers. These expectations are a matter of psychology and philosophy but also, perhaps, a matter of linguistics. For ... More


The Return to Representation

William Lyons

in Approaches to Intentionality

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198752226
eISBN:
9780191695087
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198752226.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Language

This chapter begins by examining Jerry Fodor and the rationalist tradition. For Fodor, brains are semantic engines driven by intentional states. Based on his two works, The Language of Thought, and ... More


Thoughts

Richard Swinburne

in The Evolution of the Soul

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198236986
eISBN:
9780191598593
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198236980.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Thoughts are understood as passive conscious events consisting in entertaining propositions. They may be accompanied by sensory images of written or spoken sentences; but such sentences never contain ... More


Mental Representation

Hartry Field

in Truth and the Absence of Fact

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199242894
eISBN:
9780191597381
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199242895.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Argues for postulating an inner ‘language’ in which thinking takes place, and proposes a means by which this postulate can be construed on functionalist lines. The functional theory is a purely ... More


Pragmatics and Logical Form

François Recanati

in Truth-Conditional Pragmatics

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199226993
eISBN:
9780191710223
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199226993.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, General

According to the Truth-Conditional Pragmatics framework, optional pragmatic processes of modulation map the (bare) logical form of an utterance to a ‘modified logical form’ which corresponds to its ... More


LOT Meets Frege's Problem (Among Others)

Jerry A. Fodor

in LOT 2: The Language of Thought Revisited

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199548774
eISBN:
9780191721106
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199548774.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Language

There are two closely related issues that a theory of intentional mental states and processes might reasonably be expected to address: Frege's problem and the problem of publicity. This chapter shows ... More


: Language and Thought

Samuel Guttenplan

in Objects of Metaphor

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199280896
eISBN:
9780191602627
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199280894.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

The central idea of the Semantic Descent account, namely qualification, can be used in a substantial way to clarify the debates about the relationship between thought and language, both within ... More


Having Meaning

Stephen Schiffer

in The Things We Mean

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199257768
eISBN:
9780191602313
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199257760.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

To have meaning is to stand in the meaning relation to a meaning, meanings taken to be characters*. This chapter is about the nature of the meaning relation. A theory of this relation requires saying ... More


On Denoting

David Bostock

in Russell's Logical Atomism

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199651443
eISBN:
9780191741197
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199651443.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The chapter outlines Russell’s early theory of denoting in 1903, and the reasons why it should be abandoned. The new theory of 1905 contains objections to the rival views of definite descriptions due ... More


Introduction

Jerry A. Fodor

in LOT 2: The Language of Thought Revisited

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199548774
eISBN:
9780191721106
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199548774.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Language

This introductory chapter begins with the author's evaluation of his book The Language of Thought (LOT 1). It contends that the language-of-thought hypothesis endorsed in LOT 1 was not just any old ... More


The Mechanism of Reference

Colin McGinn

in Knowledge and Reality: Selected Essays

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199251582
eISBN:
9780191598012
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199251584.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

McGinn's aim is two‐fold: to undermine both descriptive and causal theories of reference, and to argue for his preferred, ‘contextual’ theory of reference. McGinn is moved to this position by ... More


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