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The Making and Unmaking of Empires: Britain, India, and America c.1750-1783

P.J. Marshall

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199226665
eISBN:
9780191706813
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199226665.001.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History, Political History

The loss of the greater part of the British Empire in North America, along with the independence of the former thirteen colonies and the creation of a new British territorial empire in eastern India, ... More


War and its Transformations: The Atlantic 1754–1763

P. J. MARSHALL

in The Making and Unmaking of Empires: Britain, India, and America c.1750-1783

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199226665
eISBN:
9780191706813
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199226665.003.0004
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History, Political History

Hostilities between Britain and France began in North America in 1754. British expectations were initially that the French would be contained by the troops of the thirteen colonies. Early reverses ... More


Enclave to Urbanity: Canton, Foreigners, and Architecture from the Late Eighteenth to the Early Twentieth Centuries

Johnathan Andrew Farris

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9789888208876
eISBN:
9789888313679
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888208876.001.0001
Subject:
Architecture, Architectural History

Cross-cultural relations are spatial relations. Enclave to Urbanity is the first book in English that examines how the architecture and the urban landscape of Guangzhou framed the relations between ... More


The Unmaking of Empire, II: North America 1768–1775

P. J. MARSHALL

in The Making and Unmaking of Empires: Britain, India, and America c.1750-1783

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199226665
eISBN:
9780191706813
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199226665.003.0011
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History, Political History

This chapter describes the slow, uncertain but ultimately inexorable drift to armed resistance and then to war between Britain and the thirteen colonies, a conclusion desired for long by virtually ... More


War and its Resolutions 1775–1783

P. J. MARSHALL

in The Making and Unmaking of Empires: Britain, India, and America c.1750-1783

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199226665
eISBN:
9780191706813
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199226665.003.0012
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History, Political History

What began as a conflict over ultimate authority in Britain's American colonies became a worldwide war, as France, Spain, and the Netherlands joined in against Britain. The French sent forces to ... More


From Global Processes to Continental Strategies: The Emergence of British North America to 1783

John G. Reid and Elizabeth Mancke

in Canada and the British Empire

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199563746
eISBN:
9780191701900
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563746.003.0002
Subject:
History, World Modern History

This chapter traces the historical developments that led to the emergence of British North America. It suggests British North America started to take shape following the signing of the Treaty of ... More


Images of the Canton Factories 1760-1822: Reading History in Art

Paul A. Van Dyke and Maria Kar-wing Mok

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9789888208555
eISBN:
9789888313778
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888208555.001.0001
Subject:
History, Asian History

Hundreds of Chinese export paintings of Canton trading houses and shopping streets are in museums and private collections throughout the world, and scholars of art and history have often questioned ... More


The Years of the Co-hong: 1760–1770

Paul A. Van Dyke and Maria Kar-wing Mok

in Images of the Canton Factories 1760-1822: Reading History in Art

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9789888208555
eISBN:
9789888313778
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888208555.003.0001
Subject:
History, Asian History

Chapter 1 begins with a discussion of the Co-hong (1760-1770) and the changes that took place during those years. This was the period when things became more stable for trade, when foreigners began ... More


The Opening of Trade and the Debt Crisis: 1771–1781

Paul A. Van Dyke and Maria Kar-wing Mok

in Images of the Canton Factories 1760-1822: Reading History in Art

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9789888208555
eISBN:
9789888313778
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888208555.003.0002
Subject:
History, Asian History

Chapter 2 then covers the period following the disbanding of the Co-hong and the opening of trade from 1771 to 1781. The resulting debt crisis that emerged in the late 1770s had an impact on the ... More


Problems with Porcelain

Paul A. Van Dyke and Maria Kar-wing Mok

in Images of the Canton Factories 1760-1822: Reading History in Art

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9789888208555
eISBN:
9789888313778
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888208555.003.0003
Subject:
History, Asian History

The point of this discussion in chapter 3 is to provide answers as to why mistakes seem to appear more frequently on export porcelain factory scenes than on paintings. The painters were more ... More


Ups and Downs of Trade: 1782–1789

Paul A. Van Dyke and Maria Kar-wing Mok

in Images of the Canton Factories 1760-1822: Reading History in Art

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9789888208555
eISBN:
9789888313778
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888208555.003.0004
Subject:
History, Asian History

Chapter 4 discusses the ups and downs of the trade in the 1780s. A downturn in the volume of trade might result in changes and alterations to the factories being postponed, which helps to explain why ... More


Vantage Points, Perspectives and Artistic Presentation

Paul A. Van Dyke and Maria Kar-wing Mok

in Images of the Canton Factories 1760-1822: Reading History in Art

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9789888208555
eISBN:
9789888313778
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888208555.003.0005
Subject:
History, Asian History

Acknowledging the different vantage points used in paintings is important when interpreting factory scenes. A close examination of paintings from the 1760s to the 1820s reveals two commonly applied ... More


Rise of the Private Traders: 1790–1799

Paul A. Van Dyke and Maria Kar-wing Mok

in Images of the Canton Factories 1760-1822: Reading History in Art

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9789888208555
eISBN:
9789888313778
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888208555.003.0006
Subject:
History, Asian History

Chapter 6 introduces changes that took place in the 1790s—especially the large influx of private traders. Those individuals had a significant impact on the architecture and management of the ... More


American Entrepreneurs and the Brief Return of the French: 1800–1814

Paul A. Van Dyke and Maria Kar-wing Mok

in Images of the Canton Factories 1760-1822: Reading History in Art

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9789888208555
eISBN:
9789888313778
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888208555.003.0007
Subject:
History, Asian History

Chapter 7 covers the years from 1800 to 1814. This was the period when American entrepreneurs began taking over parts of the factories and also when the French briefly returned to Canton.


New British Factories, Return of the Danes, and the Great Fire: 1815–1822

Paul A. Van Dyke and Maria Kar-wing Mok

in Images of the Canton Factories 1760-1822: Reading History in Art

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9789888208555
eISBN:
9789888313778
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888208555.003.0008
Subject:
History, Asian History

Chapter 8 covers the years from 1815 to the fire of November 1822 when all of the factories burned down. This was the period when the British rebuilt their factories and when the Danes returned to ... More


The Shopping Streets in the Foreign Quarter1

Paul A. Van Dyke and Maria Kar-wing Mok

in Images of the Canton Factories 1760-1822: Reading History in Art

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9789888208555
eISBN:
9789888313778
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888208555.003.0009
Subject:
History, Asian History

Chapter 9 is a bit different from all the other chapters. It is a discussion of the establishment of the shopping streets in the foreigner quarter. The Conclusion summarizes the main issues raised in ... More


Negrín’s Thirteen War Aims

Burnett Bolloten

in The Spanish Civil War: Revolution and Counterrevolution

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781469624464
eISBN:
9781469624488
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469624464.003.0060
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter examines Negrín's thirteen war aims program and the shockwaves it generated both at home and abroad. Issued on April 1938, the thirteen war aims soon became the programmatic frontispiece ... More


Postextension Politics of the NPT

Michal Onderco

in Networked Nonproliferation: Making the NPT Permanent

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
January 2022
ISBN:
9781503628922
eISBN:
9781503629646
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9781503628922.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The final chapter looks at the postextension politics of the NPT. In particular, this chapter looks at the interpretation and reinterpretation of the commitments undertaken in 1995. It provides a ... More


The Popes at Avignon

Ronald G. Musto

in Apocalypse in Rome: Cola di Rienzo and the Politics of the New Age

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520233966
eISBN:
9780520928725
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520233966.003.0005
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

The Anonimo romano deliberately juxtaposed the sentences presented in this order: the murder of Cola di Rienzo's brother, Cola's thoughts of revenge, his analysis of Rome's bad government, and his ... More


Numerology

Christophe Reutenauer

in From Christoffel Words to Markoff Numbers

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780198827542
eISBN:
9780191866418
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198827542.003.0011
Subject:
Mathematics, Pure Mathematics

This chapter gives several examples, which may help the reader to work in concrete terms with Markoff numbers, Christoffel words, Markoff constants, and quadratic forms. In particular the thirteen ... More


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