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Diagnosis and treatment

Richard Gaskin

in Experience and the World's Own Language: A Critique of John McDowell's Empiricism

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199287253
eISBN:
9780191603969
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199287252.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

McDowell’s view is that if infants and animals did have conscious experience, they would be confronted with private objects in Wittgenstein’s sense — bits of unstructured sensory Given. It is argued ... More


Three Kantian Theses

Rae Langton

in Kantian Humility: Our Ignorance of Things in Themselves

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199243174
eISBN:
9780191597909
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199243174.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

According to Kant's Distinction, things in themselves are substances that have intrinsic properties, and phenomena are relational properties of substances. According to Receptivity, human knowledge ... More


Character from Two Standpoints

Richard McCarty

in Kant's Theory of Action

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199567720
eISBN:
9780191721465
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199567720.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, History of Philosophy

“Two-standpoints” interpretations of Kant's metaphysics are popular alternatives to the “two-worlds” interpretation presented in Chapter 4. But they are unfaithful to Kant's thoughts on the ... More


Kant's Metaphysic of Nature

J. N. Findlay

in Kant and the Transcendental Object: A Hermeneutic Study

Published in print:
1981
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198246381
eISBN:
9780191680960
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198246381.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter deals with a very perplexing stratum of Kant's teaching: his philosophy of the natural world and our knowledge of it. There are works, for example, in Anthropology, in which Kant treats ... More


Things in Themselves and their Relation to Appearances

Anja Jauernig

in The World According to Kant: Appearances and Things in Themselves in Critical Idealism

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
March 2021
ISBN:
9780199695386
eISBN:
9780191761140
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199695386.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The theses that things in themselves exist and ground appearances by affecting sensibility are discussed, a discussion that includes an examination of the difference between the empirical and ... More


An Old Problem

Rae Langton

in Kantian Humility: Our Ignorance of Things in Themselves

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199243174
eISBN:
9780191597909
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199243174.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

The ‘acid test’ for an interpretation of Kant is its solution to an old problem. Things in themselves exist, and are the causes of phenomenal appearances, but we have no knowledge of things in ... More


Fitting the Pieces Together

Rae Langton

in Kantian Humility: Our Ignorance of Things in Themselves

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199243174
eISBN:
9780191597909
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199243174.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Humility does follow from Receptivity—given Irreducibility. For Leibniz, Reducibility is the mirror that allows relations to be taken as intrinsic properties, phenomena to be taken as monads: ... More


Realism or Idealism?

Rae Langton

in Kantian Humility: Our Ignorance of Things in Themselves

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199243174
eISBN:
9780191597909
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199243174.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

At the heart of Kant's distinction between things in themselves and phenomena is a distinction between two classes of properties, intrinsic and relational: on this interpretation, ignorance of things ... More


Kantian Things in Themselves, Leibniz-Wolffian Things in Themselves, and Fictionalism

Anja Jauernig

in The World According to Kant: Appearances and Things in Themselves in Critical Idealism

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
March 2021
ISBN:
9780199695386
eISBN:
9780191761140
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199695386.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

An account is provided of how Kant’s apparent endorsement of fictionalism about things in themselves, as well as his apparent endorsement of the Leibniz-Wolffian conception of things in themselves, ... More


The Historical Background of Kant's Critical Teaching

J. N. Findlay

in Kant and the Transcendental Object: A Hermeneutic Study

Published in print:
1981
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198246381
eISBN:
9780191680960
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198246381.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter gives a brief account of the three major influences which shaped Kant's opinions, which provided the background from which he dissented, and which he in great part transposed and ... More


Vats, Sets, and Tits *

A. W. Moore

in Transcendental Philosophy and Naturalism

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199608553
eISBN:
9780191729645
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608553.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This essay begins with Hilary Putnam’s celebrated argument that we could not be brains in vats, which, if it is successful, rebuts an extreme philosophical scepticism. The bulk of the essay is ... More


The Nature and Ontological Status of Appearances

Anja Jauernig

in The World According to Kant: Appearances and Things in Themselves in Critical Idealism

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
March 2021
ISBN:
9780199695386
eISBN:
9780191761140
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199695386.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

It is shown that things in themselves and appearances are numerically distinct existents whose primary difference consists in that the former are mind-independent while the latter are mind-dependent, ... More


Introduction

Rae Langton

in Kantian Humility: Our Ignorance of Things in Themselves

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199243174
eISBN:
9780191597909
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199243174.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Kant describes his philosophy as ‘startling’, and admits that it leaves unsatisfied, an ‘inextinguishable yearning’, which suggests that deflationary interpretations of him are unlikely to be wholly ... More


Introduction—the Plan for this Book and the Lay of the Land

Anja Jauernig

in The World According to Kant: Appearances and Things in Themselves in Critical Idealism

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
March 2021
ISBN:
9780199695386
eISBN:
9780191761140
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199695386.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The plan for the book is sketched, and a classification scheme for extant interpretations of Kant’s transcendental distinction between appearances and things in themselves is provided. The ... More


Realism in Epistemology

Ilkka Niiniluoto

in Critical Scientific Realism

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199251612
eISBN:
9780191598098
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199251614.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Epistemological realism claims that it is possible to obtain knowledge about mind‐independent reality. Critical realism accepts fallibilism as a via media between scepticism and dogmatism: scientific ... More


Navigating towards a Moderate Metaphysical Interpretation of Transcendental Idealism

Lucy Allais

in Manifest Reality: Kant's Idealism and his Realism

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780198747130
eISBN:
9780191809217
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198747130.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter introduces and motivates a moderate metaphysical interpretation of Kant’s transcendental idealism. It gives an overview of Kant’s distinction between things in themselves and things as ... More


The Absolute and its Appearances

W. J. Mander

in An Introduction to Bradley's Metaphysics

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198240907
eISBN:
9780191680298
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198240907.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

F. H. Bradley's philosophical system involves the condemnation of the entire world of common-sense experience and reflection. Things and their properties, terms and their relations, space, and time, ... More


The Problem of Realism and the A Priori

P. F. Strawson

in Entity and Identity: And other essays

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198250159
eISBN:
9780191598470
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250150.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Kant's ‘empirical realism’ about the objects of science and commonsense is quite consistent with the recognition of the special (a priori) status of the categories and the forms of sensible intuition ... More


Mendelssohn, Kant, and Idealism

Paul Guyer

in Reason and Experience in Mendelssohn and Kant

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780198850335
eISBN:
9780191885389
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198850335.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, General

After examining the dispute between Mendelssohn and Kant over the ideality of time in 1770, this chapter argues that Kant’s addition of a “Refutation of Idealism” to the second edition of the ... More


Things in Themselves Without Noumena

Lucy Allais

in Manifest Reality: Kant's Idealism and his Realism

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780198747130
eISBN:
9780191809217
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198747130.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter argues against two extreme ways of understanding Kant’s notion of things as they are in themselves. The first extreme, ‘noumenalism’, is the view that he is committed to the existence of ... More


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