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LASER-INDUCED DEFORMATION OF THIN FILMS

Nasr M. Ghoniem and Daniel D. Walgraef

in Instabilities and Self-Organization in Materials: Volume I: Fundamentals of Nanoscience, Volume II: Applications in Materials Design and Nanotechnology

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199298686
eISBN:
9780191720222
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199298686.003.0016
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter presents the theory of laser-induced deformation and patterning of irradiated surfaces. Topics discussed include laser irradiation and thin film deformation, laser-induced temperature ... More


Polycrystalline and amorphous semiconductors

John Orton

in The Story of Semiconductors

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199559107
eISBN:
9780191712975
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199559107.003.0010
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

This chapter discusses two important applications of non-single crystal semiconductors: photovoltaic solar cells and large screen liquid crystal display. The electrical and optical properties of ... More


Sample Holders

Jack W. Ekin

in Experimental Techniques for Low-Temperature Measurements: Cryostat Design, Material Properties and Superconductor Critical-Current Testing

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198570547
eISBN:
9780191717710
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570547.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Sample holders provide uniform and stable temperature control of the sample; eliminate sample stress due to differential thermal contraction between the sample and holder; minimize noise from induced ... More


Ferroelectric thin films

Robert Blinc

in Advanced Ferroelectricity

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199570942
eISBN:
9780191728631
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199570942.003.0009
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

The development of thin films integrated into semiconductor chips allowed for the development of ferroelectric memories with high information density. The old question of how many unit cells are ... More


Films, Ceramics, and Metastable Polarization

M. E. LINES and A. M. GLASS

in Principles and Applications of Ferroelectrics and Related Materials

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780198507789
eISBN:
9780191709944
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507789.003.0015
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

The parallel alignment of dipoles in a ferroelectric is due primarily to a relatively strong long-range interaction along the polar c-axis and a weaker shorter-range interaction normal to the axis. ... More


FURTHER APPLICATIONS

Juan Luis Vázquez

in The Porous Medium Equation: Mathematical Theory

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198569039
eISBN:
9780191717468
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569039.003.0021
Subject:
Mathematics, Mathematical Physics

This chapter presents a collection of new examples taken from different branches of science. The first examples come from fluid dynamics, starting with the well-known model of viscous droplets ... More


Confinement effects on polymer dynamics

C. M. Roland

in Viscoelastic Behavior of Rubbery Materials

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199571574
eISBN:
9780191728976
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199571574.003.0010
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

When a polymer is constrained to spatial dimensions less than roughly 100 nm, its glass-transition temperature often becomes lower than T g for the bulk state. This effect is well ... More


Magnetic Field-Induced Novel Insulating Phase in 2D Superconductors

G Sambandamurthy and N. Peter Armitage

in Conductor-Insulator Quantum Phase Transitions

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199592593
eISBN:
9780191741050
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199592593.003.0012
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

DC and finite frequency transport measurements of thin films of amorphous indium oxide that were driven through the critical point of superconductor-insulator transition by the application of ... More


Thin-film technology and conductor development of HTS cuprates

A.V. Narlikar

in Superconductors

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780199584116
eISBN:
9780191747496
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199584116.003.0017
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter focuses on technological compatibility of HTS cuprates and progress made in their thin-film technology and conductor development for practical applications. In order to realise a high ... More


Electrocaloric effect in ferroelectrics and ferroelectric thin films

Robert Blinc

in Advanced Ferroelectricity

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199570942
eISBN:
9780191728631
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199570942.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

A theory of the electrocaloric effect is presented. It is shown that the electrocaloric effect in ferroelectrics is maximal at the electric‐field‐induced first‐order phase transition, whereas it is ... More


Surfaces and interfaces

E. R. DOBBS

in Helium Three

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198506409
eISBN:
9780191709463
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198506409.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter discusses the properties of 3He surfaces and its interfaces with other substances. It presents a selection of experiments and their interpretation is made under six headings: restricted ... More


‘Welcome to the family’: Secrets and Lies

Tony Whitehead

in Mike Leigh

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719072369
eISBN:
9781781703298
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719072369.003.0034
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

This chapter draws attention to Mike Leigh's feature film, Secrets and Lies that proved to be his most popular film, winning the Palme d'Or and the International Critics' Prize at Cannes and ... More


Ferroelectric liquid crystals

Robert Blinc

in Advanced Ferroelectricity

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199570942
eISBN:
9780191728631
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199570942.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

The origin of ferroelectricity in liquid crystals and the basic physical properties of the systems are briefly discussed. Special attention is paid to elementary excitations in ferroelectric liquid ... More


Applications of DD Simulations

Ladislas Kubin

in Dislocations, Mesoscale Simulations and Plastic Flow

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780198525011
eISBN:
9780191756238
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525011.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter presents an overview of significant insights or contributions to modelling provided by three-dimensional dislocation simulations. Four main domains are concerned. A connection has been ... More


‘So long as you’re happy’: Life Is Sweet

Tony Whitehead

in Mike Leigh

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719072369
eISBN:
9781781703298
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719072369.003.0030
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

This chapter illustrates Mike Leigh's feature film Life Is Sweet, an important development in Leigh's working life that came in 1989 when he formed the production company, Thin Man Films, with Simon ... More


Surfactants: In Solution, at Interfaces and in Colloidal Dispersions

Bob Aveyard

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
December 2019
ISBN:
9780198828600
eISBN:
9780191867125
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198828600.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials, Soft Matter / Biological Physics

Characteristically, surfactants in aqueous solution adsorb at interfaces and form aggregates (micelles of various shapes and sizes, microemulsion droplets, and lyotropic liquid crystalline phases). ... More


Magnetic Domains and the Process of Magnetization

Kannan M. Krishnan

in Fundamentals and Applications of Magnetic Materials

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2016
ISBN:
9780199570447
eISBN:
9780191813504
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199570447.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

In this chapter we introduce the relevant energy terms to determine the formation of domains. The regions of transition separating one domain from the next are classified as Bloch, Néel, or cross-tie ... More


Solar Energy: Working at the Edge of Feasibility (1979–2007)

Lillian Hoddeson and Peter Garrett

in The Man Who Saw Tomorrow: The Life and Inventions of Stanford R. Ovshinsky

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780262037532
eISBN:
9780262345033
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262037532.003.0009
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Ovshinsky was not the inventor of thin-film amorphous silicon solar cells, but under his direction ECD greatly improved their efficiency and dramatically lowered their cost through Ovshinsky’s ... More


The Birth of ECD: An Invention Factory (1965–1979)

Lillian Hoddeson and Peter Garrett

in The Man Who Saw Tomorrow: The Life and Inventions of Stanford R. Ovshinsky

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780262037532
eISBN:
9780262345033
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262037532.003.0007
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

With new resources gained from licensing Ovshinsky’s discoveries, his company, renamed Energy Conversion Devices (ECD), expanded into an ambitious research and development laboratory. Its growing ... More


Modern Optics

B. D. Guenther

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780198738770
eISBN:
9780191801983
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198738770.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This book presents good treatments of paraxial matrix optics, aberration theory, Fourier transform optics (Fresnel–Kirchhoff formulation), Gaussian and Bessel beams, multiple thin films, surface ... More


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