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Ecological and Environmental Physiology of Birds

J. Eduardo P. W. Bicudo, William A. Buttemer, Mark A. Chappell, James T. Pearson, and Claus Bech

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199228447
eISBN:
9780191711305
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228447.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ornithology

This book focuses on the current understanding of a set of topics in ecological and environmental physiology that are of particular interest to ornithologists, but which also have broad biological ... More


Insect Physiological Ecology: Mechanisms and Patterns

Steven L. Chown and Sue Nicolson

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198515494
eISBN:
9780191705649
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198515494.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This book provides a modern, synthetic overview of interactions between insects and their environments from a physiological perspective that integrates information across a range of approaches and ... More


Thermal Adaptation: A Theoretical and Empirical Synthesis

Michael J. Angilletta Jr.

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780198570875
eISBN:
9780191718748
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570875.001.1
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Animal Biology

Temperature pervasively impacts the phenotypes and distributions of organisms. These thermal effects generate strong selective pressures on behaviour, physiology, and life history when environmental ... More


Thermal Coadaptation

Michael J. Angilletta

in Thermal Adaptation: A Theoretical and Empirical Synthesis

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780198570875
eISBN:
9780191718748
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570875.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Animal Biology

Most evolutionary models focus on isolated traits, but the fitness of an organism depends on the combination of traits that composes its phenotype. Models of coadaptation account for the interaction ... More


Thermal Games

Michael J. Angilletta

in Thermal Adaptation: A Theoretical and Empirical Synthesis

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780198570875
eISBN:
9780191718748
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570875.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Animal Biology

Models of thermal adaptation generally ignore selective pressures imposed by the interactions among genotypes. This view should be replaced by the concept of a thermal game, in which the optimal ... More


Adaptation to Anthropogenic Climate Change

Michael J. Angilletta

in Thermal Adaptation: A Theoretical and Empirical Synthesis

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780198570875
eISBN:
9780191718748
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570875.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Animal Biology

Rates of warming during recent decades have exceeded those experienced during the previous millennia. This anthropogenic climate change has led to advances in organismal phenology, shifts in ... More


Morphological, physiological, and behavioural adaptations of desert animals to the abiotic environment

David Ward

in The Biology of Deserts

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780199211470
eISBN:
9780191728143
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199211470.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Many animals show unique morphological and behavioural adaptations to desert extremes, while others are able to avoid these by behavioural means. This chapter focuses on patterns of convergent ... More


Central Regulation of Autonomic Functions

Ida J. Llewellyn-Smith and Anthony J. M. Verberne (eds)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195306637
eISBN:
9780199894130
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306637.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

Central autonomic circuits in the brain and spinal cord are essential to vertebrate life. They control all basic bodily functions, including blood pressure, body temperature regulation, digestion, ... More


Approaches and Techniques

Stanley S. Hillman, Philip C. Withers, Robert C. Drewes, and Stanley D. Hillyard

in Ecological and Environmental Physiology of Amphibians

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198570325
eISBN:
9780191728259
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570325.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter describes both analytic and measurement techniques used in the study of the environmental physiology of amphibians. The first section explores the benefits and pitfalls of utilizing ... More


Central Nervous System Regulation of Body Temperature

Shaun F. Morrison and William W. Blessing

in Central Regulation of Autonomic Functions

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195306637
eISBN:
9780199894130
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306637.003.0018
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

The maintenance of body temperature is an essential behavior in the homeostatic repertoire orchestrated by central neural circuits. Thermoregulatory pathways optimize cellular and organ function at ... More


Diving and Thermoregulation: From Land Mammal to Semiaquatic Design and Function

Dietland Müller-Schwarze

in The Beaver: Its Life and Impact

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801450105
eISBN:
9780801460869
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801450105.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Animal Behavior / Behavioral Ecology

This chapter provides an overview of the beaver's diving reflex and thermoregulation, with particular emphasis on its evolution from a basic mammalian design into a superb amphibious, semiaquatic ... More


The Dinosauria

David Weishampel (ed.)

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520242098
eISBN:
9780520941434
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520242098.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This revised edition of this book continues in the same vein as the first but encompasses recent spectacular discoveries that have continued to revolutionize this field. A thorough scientific view of ... More


Physiology of Nonavian Dinosaurs

Anusuya Chinsamy and Willem J. Hillenius

in The Dinosauria

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520242098
eISBN:
9780520941434
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520242098.003.0031
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter examines the paleophysiology of nonavian dinosaurs. It describes the physiological and functional aspects of dinosaurs and focuses on two distinct physiological attributes: ... More


Getting around in a Complex World

Eric R. Pianka and Laurie J. Vitt

in Lizards: Windows to the Evolution of Diversity

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520234017
eISBN:
9780520939912
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520234017.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

From a lizard's perspective, the world is a complex set of landscapes. Physical landscapes change relatively slowly, but changes can be great given enough time. Because lizards cannot regulate their ... More


Habitat Use

Jonathan B. Losos

in Lizards in an Evolutionary Tree: Ecology and Adaptive Radiation of Anoles

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520255913
eISBN:
9780520943735
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520255913.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter discusses the various aspects of the environment that are important to anoles, as well as the extent to which habitat use shifts through time. Anoles occur in many habitats, elevations, ... More


Physico-chemical gradients and extremes

Jill Lancaster and Barbara J. Downes

in Aquatic Entomology

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199573219
eISBN:
9780191774850
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199573219.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter discusses how insects are affected by temperature variations and extremes, and the different adaptations that allow some independence of ambient temperatures (behavioural and ... More


Physiological and morphological effects of climate change

Andrew E. McKechnie

in Effects of Climate Change on Birds

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780198824268
eISBN:
9780191862809
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198824268.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Ornithology, Animal Biology

The direct impacts of higher temperatures on birds are manifested over timescales ranging from minutes and hours to years and decades. Over short timescales, acute exposure to high temperatures can ... More


Outside the boundaries of our bodies: The relationship between the sense of touch and the representation of the body in our mind

Alberto Gallace and Charles Spence

in In Touch with the Future: The sense of touch from cognitive neuroscience to virtual reality

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199644469
eISBN:
9780191760587
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199644469.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology

It seems now clear that localizing somatosensory sensations is a relevant factor in the discrimination of where our body begins and where it ends. That is, the sense of touch helps to mark that which ... More


Physiological Characteristics of Mammals

Philip C. Withers, Christine E. Cooper, Shane K. Maloney, Francisco Bozinovic, and Ariovaldo P. Cruz-Neto

in Ecological and Environmental Physiology of Mammals

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780199642717
eISBN:
9780191830334
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199642717.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Ecology

This chapter examines the functioning of physiological systems specifically for mammals in an ecological and environmental context. Basal, activity, and field energetics are described, then ... More


Temperature regulation

Andrew Clarke

in Principles of Thermal Ecology: Temperature, Energy, and Life

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780199551668
eISBN:
9780191847936
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199551668.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

For many organisms there is a fitness advantage to being warm. Many organisms use behavioural thermoregulation to maintain a high body temperature during the day, basking in the sun to warm up and ... More


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