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Duncan Sandys and the Creation of the All‐Regular Army

David French

in Army, Empire, and Cold War: The British Army and Military Policy, 1945-1971

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199548231
eISBN:
9780191739224
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199548231.003.0008
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Military History

This chapter examines the efforts of the Churchill and Eden governments between 1952 and 1956 to rein in defence spending. It then analyses the impact of the development of the Hydrogen bomb on ... More


Thermonuclear fusion and confinement

Stefano Atzeni and JÜrgen Meyer-Ter-Vehn

in The Physics of Inertial Fusion: BeamPlasma Interaction, Hydrodynamics, Hot Dense Matter

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198562641
eISBN:
9780191714030
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198562641.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Nuclear and Plasma Physics

This chapter introduces inertial confinement fusion (ICF). For comparison, it also presents basic features of magnetic confinement fusion (MCF) and thermonuclear fusion in general. When addressing ... More


Ignition and burn

Stefano Atzeni and JÜrgen Meyer-Ter-Vehn

in The Physics of Inertial Fusion: BeamPlasma Interaction, Hydrodynamics, Hot Dense Matter

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198562641
eISBN:
9780191714030
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198562641.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Nuclear and Plasma Physics

This chapter analyses ignition and thermonuclear burn in some detail. It first considers the simplest case of a preassembled, spherically symmetric configuration with high average density and a ... More


Nuclear Weapons and British Strategic Planning, 1955–1958

Martin S. Navias

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198277545
eISBN:
9780191684180
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198277545.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

During the 1950s nuclear weapons began to play an increasingly important role in Britain’s defence policy. The development of thermonuclear bombs and assessments of the great destruction that would ... More


Thermonuclear Weapons and British Strategy 1954–1955

John Baylis

in Ambiguity and Deterrence: British Nuclear Strategy 1945-1964

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198280125
eISBN:
9780191684357
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198280125.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The introduction of the thermonuclear devices in Britain weighed in the idea that nuclear weapons were obstacles to war and that they constituted a threat to the security of mankind. Even though this ... More


A Debate to Remember: The US-India Nuclear Deal

Chaitanya Ravi

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780199481705
eISBN:
9780199091034
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199481705.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Indian Politics

The US–India nuclear deal, popularly known as the 123 Agreement, announced by George W. Bush and Manmohan Singh on 18 July 2005, was a defining moment in the relationship of the two countries, as ... More


The Eight Horsemen: Indian Nuclear Scientists and India’s Thermonuclear Capability

Chaitanya Ravi

in A Debate to Remember: The US-India Nuclear Deal

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780199481705
eISBN:
9780199091034
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199481705.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Indian Politics

This chapter examines the period from March 2006–August 2007 and describes the debate over waiver legislation in the US Congress, the Hyde Act that emerged and the debate in India among serving and ... More


In Search of the Optimum Energy Mix: Japanese Laws Promoting Non-Fossil-Fuel Energy

Kazuhiro Nakatani

in Beyond The Carbon Economy: Energy Law in Transition

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199532698
eISBN:
9780191701054
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199532698.003.0021
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law

Japan's move away from a carbon economy is required for the following two reasons. First, under the Kyoto Protocol, Japan has to reduce its greenhouse gas emissions to 6 per cent below the 1990 level ... More


The Shock of the “New World”

Ken Young and Warner R. Schilling

in Super Bomb: Organizational Conflict and the Development of the Hydrogen Bomb

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781501745164
eISBN:
9781501745171
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501745164.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

This chapter is an account of the impact on U.S. thinking and policy of the first Soviet atomic bomb test. It ended the U.S. monopoly of atomic weapons—a development that some had foreseen and others ... More


Moral and Political Consequences

Ken Young and Warner R. Schilling

in Super Bomb: Organizational Conflict and the Development of the Hydrogen Bomb

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781501745164
eISBN:
9781501745171
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501745164.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

This chapter examines the controversy's real or assumed moral and political aspects. Moral repugnance inflected the scientific judgments of Oppenheimer's General Advisory Committee, triggering ... More


Tactical Diversions

Ken Young and Warner R. Schilling

in Super Bomb: Organizational Conflict and the Development of the Hydrogen Bomb

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781501745164
eISBN:
9781501745171
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501745164.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

This chapter shows how the struggle for influence over thermonuclear weapons moved onto new territory, where many of those who had opposed the decision to develop the Super expressed their continuing ... More


Rewriting Los Alamos

Ken Young and Warner R. Schilling

in Super Bomb: Organizational Conflict and the Development of the Hydrogen Bomb

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781501745164
eISBN:
9781501745171
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501745164.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

This chapter outlines the process which began with the unexpected publication of the transcript of the Personnel Security Board hearing. Now, the search was on for villains, and theories about the ... More


Conclusions

Ken Young and Warner R. Schilling

in Super Bomb: Organizational Conflict and the Development of the Hydrogen Bomb

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781501745164
eISBN:
9781501745171
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501745164.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

This concluding chapter returns to the alignment of forces that worked to sideline those scientists who opposed the then-predominant doctrine of strategic bombing. It stresses the confusion and the ... More


Production, Uses, and Stocks of Fissile Materials

Harold A. Feiveson

in Unmaking the Bomb: A Fissile Material Approach to Nuclear Disarmament and Nonproliferation

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780262027748
eISBN:
9780262319188
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027748.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

Fissile materials can sustain a nuclear chain reaction and are used in weapons and as reactor fuels. This chapter explains the production and use of the most common fissile materials, highly enriched ... More


Disciplinary History: Timing Crises in International Relations

Andrew R. Hom

in International Relations and the Problem of Time

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780198850014
eISBN:
9780191884474
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198850014.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Part Two uses narrative timing theory to tease out the many ways that IR works to time global political life—that is, to identify which political processes matter, specify how they hang together, and ... More


A vulnerable island

Ken Young

in The American Bomb in Britain: Us Air Forces' Strategic Presence, 1946-64

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780719086755
eISBN:
9781526115300
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719086755.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter discusses the ever-present issue of how Britain, as a nuclear strike base, could be secured against Soviet attack. Emergency war plans were predicated on a quick response to threat, and ... More


The “Oh My God!” Phase

Edward M. Geist

in Armageddon Insurance: Civil Defense in the United States and Soviet Union, 1945-1991

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9781469645254
eISBN:
9781469645278
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469645254.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter examines the way in which the discovery of the fallout effects of thermonuclear weapons effected the development of American and Soviet civil defense during the mid-late 1950s. The ... More


Where the Rivers End

Cheryl Colopy

in Dirty, Sacred Rivers: Confronting South Asia’s Water Crisis

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199845019
eISBN:
9780197563212
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199845019.003.0024
Subject:
Environmental Science, Management of Land and Natural Resources

It’s not yet dawn. The Bon Bibi is anchored. Some members of the crew have risen and one has brought hot water to the dining room. I have some tea to warm me as I lean on the deck rail, looking out ... More


Fusion Energy Technology on Earth

E. L. Wolf

in Physics and Technology of Sustainable Energy

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
August 2018
ISBN:
9780198769804
eISBN:
9780191822636
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198769804.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Geophysics, Atmospheric and Environmental Physics

Deuterium fusion in a small field-ionization device is described. The small rate of deuterium fusion observed in the deuterium-muon version of the hydrogen molecule-ion is discussed. A simplified ... More


From Atomic Weapons to Thermonuclear Weapons

John Baylis and Kristan Stoddart

in The British Nuclear Experience: The Roles of Beliefs, Culture and Identity

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780198702023
eISBN:
9780191771682
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198702023.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Chapter 3 looks at the developments which culminated in Britain’s first atomic test in October 1952, the role of scientists and weaponeers, and the events which subsequently led to the Grapple Trials ... More


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