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The Consequences of Extensivity

Robert H. Swendsen

in An Introduction to Statistical Mechanics and Thermodynamics

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
February 2020
ISBN:
9780198853237
eISBN:
9780191887703
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198853237.003.0013
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

While not all thermodynamic systems are extensive, those that are homogeneous satisfy the useful postulate of extensivity. In this chapter we return to the thermodynamic postulates and consider the ... More


Perturbations of Thermodynamic State Functions

Robert H. Swendsen

in An Introduction to Statistical Mechanics and Thermodynamics

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199646944
eISBN:
9780191775123
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199646944.003.0010
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Much of thermodynamics is concerned with the consequences of small changes in conditions of the behaviour of a thermodynamic system. This chapter introduces the concepts of exact and inexact ... More


Quantum Long-Range Systems

A. Campa, T. Dauxois, D. Fanelli, and S. Ruffo

in Physics of Long-Range Interacting Systems

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2014
ISBN:
9780199581931
eISBN:
9780191787140
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199581931.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter opens with the notion of stable interaction in quantum systems, somewhat different from classical systems. It is shown that an unstable classical system can become stable when treated ... More


When is a material stable?

Adrian P Sutton

in Concepts of Materials Science

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
September 2021
ISBN:
9780192846839
eISBN:
9780191938764
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780192846839.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter is an introduction to classical thermodynamics that does not assume any knowledge of the subject. The significance of thermodynamic equilibrium in materials is discussed keeping in mind ... More


Clarifying Gaia: Regulation with or without Natural Selection

Timothy M. Lenton

in Scientists Debate Gaia: The Next Century

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262194983
eISBN:
9780262283182
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262194983.003.0003
Subject:
Environmental Science, Climate

This chapter attempts to resolve current debates about the Gaia theory. First, it presents a definition of Gaia as a type of planetary-scale, open thermodynamic system, with abundant life supported ... More


Evolution and the Emergent Self: The Rise of Complexity and Behavioral Versatility in Nature

Raymond Neubauer

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231150705
eISBN:
9780231521680
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231150705.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This book explores how the human species emerged from the cosmic dust. It describes the rising complexity of life in terms of increasing information content, first in genes and then in brains. It ... More


Thermodynamics and Thought

Dorion Sagan

in Chimeras and Consciousness: Evolution of the Sensory Self

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015394
eISBN:
9780262312462
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015394.003.0022
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter discusses the relationship of purposeful choice-making behavior to the directional bias of naturally occurring complex systems ruled by thermodynamics. It argues that the sensitivities ... More


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