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Properties of Solids at Low Temperatures

Jack W. Ekin

in Experimental Techniques for Low-Temperature Measurements: Cryostat Design, Material Properties and Superconductor Critical-Current Testing

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198570547
eISBN:
9780191717710
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570547.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter discusses the physics of the properties of material used in cryostat construction and presents tables of data for cryostat design. The order of presentation of the first four properties ... More


ELECTRONIC CONDUCTION IN METALS

J. M. Ziman

in Electrons and Phonons: The Theory of Transport Phenomena in Solids

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198507796
eISBN:
9780191709937
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507796.003.0009
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter discusses the electrical conductivity of metals. Topics covered include the transport properties of metals, residual resistance in alloys, the resistance-minimum phenomenon, residual ... More


Electrical and Thermal Conductivity

Takamichi Iida and Roderick I.L. Guthrie

in The Thermophysical Properties of Metallic Liquids: Volume 1 — Fundamentals

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780198729839
eISBN:
9780191796654
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198729839.003.0009
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter discusses some of the important electronic transport properties of metallic liquids: their electrical conductivities or electrical resistivities, and thermal conductivities. Topics ... More


The thermal diffusion equation

Stephen J. Blundell and Katherine M. Blundell

in Concepts in Thermal Physics

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199562091
eISBN:
9780191718236
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199562091.003.0010
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter looks at solving problems involving the thermal conductivity of matter using a technique developed by mathematicians in the late 18th and early 19th centuries. The key equation describes ... More


Quantum Theory of Solids

R. E. Peierls

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198507819
eISBN:
9780191709913
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507819.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This book develops the quantum theory of solids from the basic principles of quantum mechanics. The emphasis is on a single statement of the ideas underlying the various approximations that have to ... More


Transport properties in gases

Stephen J. Blundell and Katherine M. Blundell

in Concepts in Thermal Physics

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199562091
eISBN:
9780191718236
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199562091.003.0009
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter describes how a gas can transport momentum, energy, or particles from one place to another. It considers non-equilibrium situations, but still in the steady state, i.e., so that the ... More


Transport properties

E. R. DOBBS

in Helium Three

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198506409
eISBN:
9780191709463
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198506409.003.0012
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter examines the transport properties of 3He-4He mixtures. It outlines the theory for the transport coefficient over a wide range of temperatures and then discusses experiments that measure ... More


TRANSPORT PHENOMENA

R. E. Peierls

in Quantum Theory of Solids

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198507819
eISBN:
9780191709913
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507819.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

An electron in the field of force of a perfect lattice has stationary states in which the mean velocity and hence the mean transport of charge and of energy do not vanish. This means that an electric ... More


CRYSTAL LATTICES. APPLICATIONS

R. E. Peierls

in Quantum Theory of Solids

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198507819
eISBN:
9780191709913
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507819.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter discusses applications of crystal lattices. Topics covered include specific heat, thermal expansion, linear term in specific heat, thermal conductivity, the Boltzmann equation, high ... More


DYNAMICS OF IMPERFECT LATTICES

A.M. Stoneham

in Theory of Defects in Solids: Electronic Structure of Defects in Insulators and Semiconductors

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198507802
eISBN:
9780191709920
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507802.003.0011
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Defects and impurities affect the vibrations of a solid, and hence properties such as infra-red spectra and thermal conductivity. There can be new, high-frequency, local modes; there can be new, ... More


Elastic, thermal, and lattice dynamical properties

Victor F. Petrenko and Robert W. Whitworth

in Physics of Ice

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780198518945
eISBN:
9780191707247
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198518945.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography: Physics

This chapter focuses on those effects that depend on small displacements of atoms from their equilibrium sites. It starts with the theory of anisotropic elasticity as applied to a crystalline ... More


Kinetic Coefficients and Velocity Distribution for Gases of Elastic Particles

Nikolai V. Brilliantov and Thorsten Pöschel

in Kinetic Theory of Granular Gases

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198530381
eISBN:
9780191713057
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198530381.003.0019
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter applies the Chapman–Enskog approach to an inhomogeneous gas of elastic particles. It derives the coefficients of viscosity, thermal conductivity, and velocity distribution function.


EFFECT OF FLUCTUATIONS ON THERMOELECTRICITY AND HEAT TRANSPORT

Anatoly Larkin and Andrei Varlamov

in Theory of Fluctuations in Superconductors

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198528159
eISBN:
9780191713521
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528159.003.0010
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter introduces a phenomenological definition of the heat current. An explicit expression for the heat current operator in interacting electron system is derived in the framework of ... More


Thermal Expansion, Phonon–Phonon Interactions, and Heat Transport

J. B. Ketterson

in The Physics of Solids

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2016
ISBN:
9780198742906
eISBN:
9780191821523
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198742906.003.0017
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

The discussion of Chapter 16, although presenting a general strategy for treating lattice dynamics, was limited in its application to the harmonic approximation. This chapter treats a number of ... More


Transport properties

E. R. DOBBS

in Helium Three

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198506409
eISBN:
9780191709463
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198506409.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter first outlines Fermi liquid theory for the transport coefficients of viscosity, η, thermal conductivity λ, and spin diffusion D. It then shows how far various approximations in the ... More


Thermodynamics and general properties

A.V. Narlikar

in Superconductors

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780199584116
eISBN:
9780191747496
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199584116.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter discusses the essential thermodynamic aspects of superconductors (with details left to an appendix for the interested reader). Four prominent thermal properties described are heat ... More


First-principles approaches

Veljko Zlatić and René Monnier

in Modern Theory of Thermoelectricity

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780198705413
eISBN:
9780191774430
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198705413.003.0015
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter presents a compact introduction to density functional theory (DFT) and the standard approximations used in practical applications (local density and generalized gradient approximations, ... More


The Thermophysical Properties of Metallic Liquids: Volume 1 — Fundamentals

Takamichi Iida and Roderick I. L. Guthrie

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780198729839
eISBN:
9780191796654
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198729839.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

The main purpose of materials science and engineering is to make the best use of all the elements in the periodic table. This leads to the effective use and conservation of natural resources. For ... More


Physical interpretation

Veljko Zlatić and René Monnier

in Modern Theory of Thermoelectricity

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780198705413
eISBN:
9780191774430
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198705413.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter describes how, by expressing the elements of the transport matrix obtained for the charge current density–heat current density pair in terms of the electrical conductivity σ, the thermal ... More


Thermal Properties of the Ocean

Gino Segrè and John Stack

in Unearthing Fermi's Geophysics

Published in print:
2022
Published Online:
May 2022
ISBN:
9780226805146
eISBN:
9780226805283
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226805283.003.0008
Subject:
Mathematics, Mathematical Physics

This chapter deals with the thermal properties of ocean water, beginning with some of the basics of heat transmission. Starting with the assumption that heat flow is generated by a temperature ... More


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