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Analysis of the molecular short‐range order

Naomi E. Chayen, John R. Helliwell, and Edward H. Snell

in Macromolecular Crystallization and Crystal Perfection

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199213252
eISBN:
9780191707575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213252.003.0010
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography: Physics

Whilst the transition from short‐range order to long‐range order is not a sharp transition, i.e. there is a steady progression, there are metrics to judge the shorter‐range effects. These are ... More


Quantum Theory of Solids

R. E. Peierls

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198507819
eISBN:
9780191709913
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507819.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This book develops the quantum theory of solids from the basic principles of quantum mechanics. The emphasis is on a single statement of the ideas underlying the various approximations that have to ... More


Introduction to Modeling Convection in Planets and Stars: Magnetic Field, Density Stratification, Rotation

Gary A. Glatzmaier

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691141725
eISBN:
9781400848904
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691141725.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This book provides readers with the skills they need to write computer codes that simulate convection, internal gravity waves, and magnetic field generation in the interiors and atmospheres of ... More


Internal Gravity Waves

Gary A. Glatzmaier

in Introduction to Modeling Convection in Planets and Stars: Magnetic Field, Density Stratification, Rotation

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691141725
eISBN:
9781400848904
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691141725.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter focuses on internal gravity waves in a stable thermal stratification. When the amplitude of the fluid velocity is small relative to the amplitude of the phase velocity, a linear ... More


Heat

Stephen J. Blundell and Katherine M. Blundell

in Concepts in Thermal Physics

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199562091
eISBN:
9780191718236
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199562091.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter explores the concepts of heat and heat capacity. Heat is defined as 'thermal energy in transit'. The heat capacity C of an object is given by C = dQ/dT. The heat capacity of a substance ... More


Conclusions and Outlook

M. Bordag, G. L. Klimchitskaya, U. Mohideen, and V. M. Mostepanenko

in Advances in the Casimir Effect

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199238743
eISBN:
9780191716461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199238743.003.0025
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter contains conclusions and some words about the outlook. The main conclusion is that at present there is already very good agreement between the theory, adapted for the case of real ... More


Kinetic Coefficients and Velocity Distribution for Gases of Elastic Particles

Nikolai V. Brilliantov and Thorsten Pöschel

in Kinetic Theory of Granular Gases

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198530381
eISBN:
9780191713057
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198530381.003.0019
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter applies the Chapman–Enskog approach to an inhomogeneous gas of elastic particles. It derives the coefficients of viscosity, thermal conductivity, and velocity distribution function.


James’ suspension spring equations

Robert James Matthys

in Accurate Clock Pendulums

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198529712
eISBN:
9780191712791
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198529712.003.0016
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

In 1983, K. James published two useful but rather complicated equations whose purpose was to help design the suspension spring. The equations show the effect that different spring lengths, widths, ... More


Pendulum rod materials

Robert James Matthys

in Accurate Clock Pendulums

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198529712
eISBN:
9780191712791
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198529712.003.0021
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

Over time, several different materials have been used for the pendulum rod such as steel, wood, and invar. The best material is quartz because of its proven stability and low thermal expansion. Steel ... More


The heat treatment of invar

Robert James Matthys

in Accurate Clock Pendulums

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198529712
eISBN:
9780191712791
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198529712.003.0022
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

Even though invar is the most common material used for the pendulum rod in a good clock, it is still a poor material for the purpose because of its relatively poor dimensional stability over time ... More


The instability of invar

Robert James Matthys

in Accurate Clock Pendulums

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198529712
eISBN:
9780191712791
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198529712.003.0023
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

Almost since its invention in 1896, invar has been known to be a dimensionally unstable pendulum rod material. A few articles have been published over the years, trying to address the dimensional ... More


A Model of Rayleigh-Bénard Convection

Gary A. Glatzmaier

in Introduction to Modeling Convection in Planets and Stars: Magnetic Field, Density Stratification, Rotation

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691141725
eISBN:
9781400848904
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691141725.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter presents a model of Rayleigh–Bénard convection. It first describes the fundamental dynamics expected in a fluid that is convectively stable and in one that is convectively unstable, ... More


Numerical Method

Gary A. Glatzmaier

in Introduction to Modeling Convection in Planets and Stars: Magnetic Field, Density Stratification, Rotation

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691141725
eISBN:
9781400848904
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691141725.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter describes a numerical method for solving equations of thermal convection on a computer. It begins by introducing the vorticity-streamfunction formulation as a means of conserving mass. ... More


Double-Diffusive Convection

Gary A. Glatzmaier

in Introduction to Modeling Convection in Planets and Stars: Magnetic Field, Density Stratification, Rotation

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691141725
eISBN:
9781400848904
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691141725.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter discusses double-diffusive convection, with a particular focus on the initial instability and eventual nonlinear evolution. It first considers the “salt-fingering” instability and then ... More


Magnetic Field

Gary A. Glatzmaier

in Introduction to Modeling Convection in Planets and Stars: Magnetic Field, Density Stratification, Rotation

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691141725
eISBN:
9781400848904
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691141725.003.0011
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter focuses on magnetoconvection, which refers to thermal convection of an electrically conducting fluid within a background magnetic field maintained by some external mechanism. It first ... More


Some practical properties of quartz

Robert James Matthys

in Accurate Clock Pendulums

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198529712
eISBN:
9780191712791
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198529712.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

The big attraction of quartz as a pendulum material is its good dimensional stability over time. Stability over time is the biggest and most needed characteristic in an accurate pendulum. In contrast ... More


Thermal Sensitivity

Michael J. Angilletta

in Thermal Adaptation: A Theoretical and Empirical Synthesis

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780198570875
eISBN:
9780191718748
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570875.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Animal Biology

The performances of organisms depend greatly on temperature, with most performances being maximized within a narrow thermal range. This phenomenon stems from effects of temperature on cellular ... More


Thermal Acclimation

Michael J. Angilletta

in Thermal Adaptation: A Theoretical and Empirical Synthesis

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780198570875
eISBN:
9780191718748
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570875.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Animal Biology

Many organisms adjust their thermal sensitivities in response to environmental conditions. This form of phenotypic plasticity, referred to as acclimation, involves potentially reversible changes in ... More


Respirometric Data Analysis and Presentation

John R. B. Lighton

in Measuring Metabolic Rates: A Manual for Scientists

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195310610
eISBN:
9780199871414
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310610.003.0013
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Biotechnology

This chapter discusses ways of analyzing and presenting metabolic data while avoiding common mistakes. Topics covered include vital information often omitted from manuscripts; how to analyze the ... More


Coarse-Grained Molecular Dynamics: Concurrent Multiscale Simulation at Finite Temperature Protect 1

Robert E. Rudd

in Multiscale Methods: Bridging the Scales in Science and Engineering

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199233854
eISBN:
9780191715532
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199233854.003.0005
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics

Coarse-grained molecular dynamics (CGMD) is a computer modeling technique that couples conventional molecular dynamics (MD) in some spatial regions of the simulation to a more coarse-grained ... More


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