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Puzzling Parallels

Paul U. Unschuld

in What Is Medicine?: Western and Eastern Approaches to Healing

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520257658
eISBN:
9780520944701
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520257658.003.0022
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

This chapter focuses on Greek antiquity and explains the thesis of the counterfeit three centuries of the Early Middle Ages. It is quite strange that something totally identical to what happened in ... More


Acupuncturists, Barbers, and Masseurs

Paul U. Unschuld

in What Is Medicine?: Western and Eastern Approaches to Healing

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520257658
eISBN:
9780520944701
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520257658.003.0061
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

China witnessed significant decline in the use of acupuncture in 1500 but pharmaceutics had been steadily developing since antiquity. Li Shizhen's encyclopedia remains the definitive work. It has ... More


Medicine without Pharmaceutics

Paul U. Unschuld

in What Is Medicine?: Western and Eastern Approaches to Healing

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520257658
eISBN:
9780520944701
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520257658.003.0020
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

Modern Western medicine came into being in the nineteenth century. All normal and sick processes in the body at that time were researched using chemical and physical methods and they were explained ... More


Greek Medicine and Roman Incomprehension

Paul U. Unschuld

in What Is Medicine?: Western and Eastern Approaches to Healing

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520257658
eISBN:
9780520944701
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520257658.003.0033
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

The political and cultural center shifted and for the second time it was Rome that attracted Greek physicians. Greek physicians brought with them their renowned medicine but it was not at all ... More


Head and Limbs

Paul U. Unschuld

in What Is Medicine?: Western and Eastern Approaches to Healing

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520257658
eISBN:
9780520944701
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520257658.003.0035
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

This chapter focuses on the expansion of the Roman Empire that produced a totally different outcome. Rome annexed lands that previously lay outside of its own cultural inheritance. Ethnic and ... More


The Rediscovery of Wholeness

Paul U. Unschuld

in What Is Medicine?: Western and Eastern Approaches to Healing

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520257658
eISBN:
9780520944701
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520257658.003.0036
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

The intellectual elite in China entertained several separate traditions, not only of political philosophy but also of therapeutics. There was the medicine of systematic correspondences of all ... More


Arabian Interlude

Paul U. Unschuld

in What Is Medicine?: Western and Eastern Approaches to Healing

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520257658
eISBN:
9780520944701
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520257658.003.0042
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

Arabian authors incorporated the knowledge of Greco-Roman antiquity, organized it, and added a few of their own thoughts. The view of the organism they found in new medicine had no counterpart in ... More


The Variety of Therapeutics

Paul U. Unschuld

in What Is Medicine?: Western and Eastern Approaches to Healing

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520257658
eISBN:
9780520944701
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520257658.003.0052
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

This chapter provides detailed information on the variety of therapeutics available over the years. The influence of the Christian worldview had already been encouraging a religious healing for ... More


The Real Heritage of Antiquity

Paul U. Unschuld

in What Is Medicine?: Western and Eastern Approaches to Healing

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520257658
eISBN:
9780520944701
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520257658.003.0054
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

This chapter examines the work of Abbess Hildegard von Bingen. She linked surviving elements of the ancient humoral and elements doctrines with fundamental ideas of Christian theology in her text ... More


Trapped in the Cage of Tradition

Paul U. Unschuld

in What Is Medicine?: Western and Eastern Approaches to Healing

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520257658
eISBN:
9780520944701
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520257658.003.0059
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

Chinese tradition was significantly influenced by doctrines of yin-yang and the five agents. Some observers of nature and physicians also introduced demons to the tradition. Experts has different ... More


The Most Beautiful Antiques and the Most Modern Images in One Room

Paul U. Unschuld

in What Is Medicine?: Western and Eastern Approaches to Healing

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520257658
eISBN:
9780520944701
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520257658.003.0066
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

This chapter emphasizes the contributions of Jean Fernel (1497–1558), a contemporary of Vesalius and Paracelsus. He made use of the many components that the era offered him and introduced the most ... More


Homeopathy Is Not Medicine

Paul U. Unschuld

in What Is Medicine?: Western and Eastern Approaches to Healing

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520257658
eISBN:
9780520944701
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520257658.003.0072
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

Samuel Hahnemann (1755–1843) was from a poor family and had to translate English (and later French and Italian) medical and pharmaceutical texts to finance his studies. He uncovered a clue in British ... More


“God with Us” on the Belt Buckle

Paul U. Unschuld

in What Is Medicine?: Western and Eastern Approaches to Healing

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520257658
eISBN:
9780520944701
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520257658.003.0073
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

This chapter focuses on two contributors to history of therapeutics. One of them is the pastor and population statistician, Johann Peter Süssmilch (1707–1767). He wrote a work on therapeutics and ... More


Therapeutic Tactics

Voula Tsouna

in The Ethics of Philodemus

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199292172
eISBN:
9780191711770
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199292172.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

The theoretical analysis of vices and emotions has a practical goal: namely, their detection and removal. This chapter offers a rapid survey of Philodemus' methods of treatment and determines the ... More


Invalids and entrepreneurs

Mark Harrison

in Medicine in an age of Commerce and Empire: Britain and its Tropical Colonies 1660-1830

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199577736
eISBN:
9780191595196
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199577736.003.0010
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

Chapter 9 explores the medical marketplace of early nineteenth‐century Britain, with particular reference to tropical invalids and others deemed to have similar complaints. The chapter focuses on the ... More


Inflamed bodies

Mark Harrison

in Medicine in an age of Commerce and Empire: Britain and its Tropical Colonies 1660-1830

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199577736
eISBN:
9780191595196
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199577736.003.0006
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

The first chapter of Part II examines therapeutic practices in the tropics during the early years of the British presence in India and the Caribbean. It begins by examining the legacy of Portuguese ... More


Exotics and antiseptics

Mark Harrison

in Medicine in an age of Commerce and Empire: Britain and its Tropical Colonies 1660-1830

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199577736
eISBN:
9780191595196
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199577736.003.0007
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

During the late seventeenth and eighteenth century, bloodletting as a treatment for common tropical diseases such as fevers and dysentery was superseded or supplemented by a host of new remedies. ... More


Hypochondriasis and Melancholia: Griesinger

Jennifer Radden

in The Nature of Melancholy: From Aristotle to Kristeva

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195151657
eISBN:
9780199849253
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195151657.003.0021
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter presents Wilhelm Griesinger's discussions of melancholy. Griesinger, born in 1817, pursued medical studies first in Tübingen, then in Zurich, and finally in Paris, before settling down ... More


What Should Be Taught?

ERIC J. CASSELL

in Doctoring: The Nature of Primary Care Medicine

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780195113235
eISBN:
9780199999828
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195113235.003.0008
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

What primary care doctors require as part of their mandatory training are additional kinds of knowledge and skills. They must be taught the behavior of sick and well persons, advanced communication ... More


A Mental Health ‘Crisis’?

Jennie Bristow, Sarah Cant, and Anwesa Chatterjee

in Generational Encounters with Higher Education: The Academic-Student Relationship and the University Experience

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9781529209778
eISBN:
9781529209822
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781529209778.003.0005
Subject:
Education, Higher and Further Education

This chapter maps a framework for understanding the rise of mental health disorders in the undergraduate population, drawing a connection between broader social, cultural and educational change, and ... More


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