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Testing

Qin Duo

in The Formation of Econometrics: A Historical Perspective

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198292876
eISBN:
9780191596803
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198292872.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought, Econometrics

Addresses the issue of testing, and reveals some intrinsic problems pertaining to hypothesis testing beneath the achievements of formalizing econometrics. Theory verification through applied studies ... More


The methodological and statistical foundations of neuropsychological assessment

Klaus Willmes

in The Handbook of Clinical Neuropsychology

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199234110
eISBN:
9780191594250
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199234110.003.03
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology, Clinical Psychology

This chapter begins with a discussion of psychometric aspects of neuropsychological tests. It then discusses the classical test theory model, criterion-referenced testing, probabilistic test models, ... More


Reliability

Neil Abell, David W. Springer, and Akihito Kamata

in Developing and Validating Rapid Assessment Instruments

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195333367
eISBN:
9780199864300
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195333367.003.0004
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

This chapter provides a theoretical overview of reliability, as well as pragmatic considerations in establishing different types of reliability. To illustrate key points, it draws from two scales: ... More


Introduction

J. Patrick Meyer

in Understanding Measurement: Reliability

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195380361
eISBN:
9780199847914
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195380361.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Unobservable characters called constructs or latent traits are frequently measured by social scientists though certain educational and psychological tests. It is observed in this chapter that ... More


Discussion and Recommended Readings

J. Patrick Meyer

in Understanding Measurement: Reliability

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195380361
eISBN:
9780199847914
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195380361.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Absolutely no judgment or evaluation should be included when reporting a reliability analysis. Estimates should speak for themselves and it is the task of the readers to judge their values. The ... More


Health Measurement Scales: A practical guide to their development and use

David L. Streiner and Geoffrey R. Norman

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199231881
eISBN:
9780191724015
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231881.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This book covers in detail how to develop a measurement scale: a questionnaire or instrument, with specific applications in health sciences. Its organization follows the steps developers will go ... More


Conclusion

Kevin A. Clarke and David M. Primo

in A Model Discipline: Political Science and the Logic of Representations

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195382198
eISBN:
9780199932399
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195382198.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter summarizes the two central arguments of this book. First, testing theoretical models is not logically possible. Second, testing theoretical models is unnecessary and mistakes the true ... More


Understanding Measurement: Reliability

Patrick Meyer

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195380361
eISBN:
9780199847914
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195380361.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This is a book in the Understanding Statistics series, which is designed to provide guides to understanding, presenting, and critiquing analyses and associated inferences. Each book in the series ... More


In Praise of Pragmatics in Econometrics

Clive W. J. Granger

in The Methodology and Practice of Econometrics: A Festschrift in Honour of David F. Hendry

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199237197
eISBN:
9780191717314
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199237197.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

This chapter considers the role of pragmatics in econometrics, looking at specific examples in econometrics and associated areas, and discusses the advantages and disadvantages of following a ... More


Applying the I-Space

Max H. Boisot

in Knowledge Assets: Securing Competitive Advantage in the Information Economy

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198296072
eISBN:
9780191685194
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198296072.003.0010
Subject:
Business and Management, Knowledge Management, Organization Studies

I-Space is a conceptual framework built on a theory of information flows. Any theory worth its salt should be tested in encounters with concrete experience. Some of these encounters are explicitly ... More


Introduction

Christine DeMars

in Item Response Theory

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195377033
eISBN:
9780199847341
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195377033.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Item response theory (IRT) models show the relationship between the ability or trait (θ) measured by the instrument and an item response. Both the IRT and classical test theory (CTT) indices and how ... More


Methods and Measures in Testing a General Theory of Crime

Michael Gottfredson and Travis Hirschi

in Modern Control Theory and the Limits of Criminal Justice

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
October 2019
ISBN:
9780190069797
eISBN:
9780190069834
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190069797.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance, Gerontology and Ageing

Self control is a consistent, robust, and substantial cause of crime, and the foundational facts and other dimensions of the self-control theory of crime have found remarkable support in behavioral ... More


Reliability and Measurement Error

Brian E. Perron and David F. Gillespie

in Key Concepts in Measurement

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199855483
eISBN:
9780190235963
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199855483.003.0004
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

Reliability is the degree to which measurements are free from error, making reliability inversely related to error. Reliability goes hand-in-hand with validity, as any reputable introductory research ... More


A Methodology of Neoclassical Realism

Norrin M. Ripsman, Jeffrey W. Taliaferro, and Steven E. Lobell

in Neoclassical Realist Theory of International Politics

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780199899234
eISBN:
9780190603052
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199899234.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Political Theory

In Chapter 5, we provide a methodology for neoclassical realist research. The chapter begins with guidelines on theory building, specifying how to identify appropriate research questions or puzzles, ... More


The nature of theory

John Harte

in Maximum Entropy and Ecology: A Theory of Abundance, Distribution, and Energetics

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199593415
eISBN:
9780191774614
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199593415.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter addresses the question: What do we mean by a theory of ecology? To do so, several others are first addressed: What is a theory? What are the special challenges ecology poses for theory ... More


Key Concepts in Measurement

Brian E. Perron and David F. Gillespie

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199855483
eISBN:
9780190235963
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199855483.001.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

Measurement refers generally to the process of assigning a numeric value to, or ordering characteristics or traits of, entities under study so, ideally, the labels accurately represent the ... More


Validity

Brian E. Perron and David F. Gillespie

in Key Concepts in Measurement

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199855483
eISBN:
9780190235963
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199855483.003.0003
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

The quality of measurement is quantified by validity and reliability, and measurements experts universally agree that validity is pre-eminent. This chapter provides an in-depth discussion of modern ... More


Introduction

David F. Hendry

in Empirical Model Discovery and Theory Evaluation: Automatic Selection Methods in Econometrics

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780262028356
eISBN:
9780262324410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262028356.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

This chapter provides an overview of the book. Models of empirical phenomena are needed for four main reasons: understanding the evolution of data processes, testing subject-matter theories, ... More


Is Age the Primary Influence on Offending?

John F. Macleod, Peter G. Grove, and David P. Farrington

in Explaining Criminal Careers: Implications for Justice Policy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199697243
eISBN:
9780191781568
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199697243.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

Age based theories of crime are examined and tested against the cohort data from the Offenders Index and it is shown that there is no support for such theories. The theory proposed in this book ... More


A New Method for Theory Testing in Social Psychology: The Case of Dissonance

Barry E. Collins

in Most Underappreciated: 50 Prominent Social Psychologists Describe Their Most Unloved Work

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199778188
eISBN:
9780190256043
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199778188.003.0023
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Norman Miller and Barry E. Collins, both social psychologists, reflect on their most underappreciated work: a research on dissonance as a new method for theory testing in the field of social ... More


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