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Deconstructing the Mind

Stephen P. Stich

in Deconstructing the Mind

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195126662
eISBN:
9780199868322
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195126661.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Though many arguments have been offered for eliminativism, they all have a common structure. They begin with the premise that beliefs, desires, and other commonsense mental states are the posits of a ... More


On Determining What There Isn't *

Michael Devitt

in Putting Metaphysics First: Essays on Metaphysics and Epistemology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199280803
eISBN:
9780191723254
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199280803.003.0016
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

Stich points out that typical arguments for eliminativism about the mind presuppose a description theory of reference. His gloomy view of theories of reference leads him to a gloomy view of ... More


The Mechanism of Reference

Colin McGinn

in Knowledge and Reality: Selected Essays

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199251582
eISBN:
9780191598012
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199251584.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

McGinn's aim is two‐fold: to undermine both descriptive and causal theories of reference, and to argue for his preferred, ‘contextual’ theory of reference. McGinn is moved to this position by ... More


Radical Interpretation and Indeterminacy

Timothy McCarthy

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195145069
eISBN:
9780199833436
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195145062.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

Attempts to offer a response to Quine's arguments for the indeterminacy of reference and translation by developing an original theory of radical interpretation, i.e. the project of characterising ... More


Donnellan on the Necessary A Posteriori

Erin Eaker

in Having in Mind: The Philosophy of Keith Donnellan

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199844845
eISBN:
9780199933501
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199844845.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter seeks to bring to light some of Keith Donnellan’s underappreciated views concerning the surprising metaphysical claim that is supposed to follow from a popular theory of reference. The ... More


The Skeptical Argument Further Examined: on Resources, Allegedly Overlooked, for Confirming Psychophysical Identities

LaPorte Joseph

in Rigid Designation and Theoretical Identities

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199609208
eISBN:
9780191745027
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199609208.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Language

The skeptical argument against specific statements identifying a phenomenal property with a scientific one has been criticized for overlooking two salient resources that would put an end to ... More


The Roots of Reference

Timothy McCarthy

in Radical Interpretation and Indeterminacy

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195145069
eISBN:
9780199833436
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195145062.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

Applies the ‘Conformal Framework’ developed in Ch. 2 to some problems of the classical theory of reference, namely, to the question of how the reference of expressions in specific problem categories, ... More


Introduction

John P. Burgess and Gideon Rosen

in A Subject With No Object: Strategies for Nominalistic Interpretation of Mathematics

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198250128
eISBN:
9780191597138
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250126.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

Begins by distinguishing different varieties of nominalism. All adherents of nominalism agree in rejecting mathematical and other abstract entities, and many have attempted to develop nominalist ... More


Introduction

Timothy McCarthy

in Radical Interpretation and Indeterminacy

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195145069
eISBN:
9780199833436
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195145062.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

Serves three main purposes: first, it lays out and attempts to justify the methodological point of view of the investigation. Secondly, it situates the theory put forward in the context of the recent ... More


Causal Theories and Conceptual Analyses

Ralph Wedgwood

in The Nature of Normativity

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199251315
eISBN:
9780191719127
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199251315.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter considers two other rival accounts of normative statements. First, it considers the account of ‘Cornell moral realism’ which is based on applying the causal theory of reference to ... More


An illustration: truth and reference

Penelope Maddy

in Second Philosophy: A Naturalistic Method

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199273669
eISBN:
9780191706264
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199273669.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter lays out the background to the current debate between correspondence theorists and disquotationalists in the theory of truth: from Tarski, to Field, to Leeds. The disquotationalist's ... More


Disquotation

Penelope Maddy

in Second Philosophy: A Naturalistic Method

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199273669
eISBN:
9780191706264
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199273669.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

Returning to the debate itself, does a full account of how humans use language require a correspondence theory of truth and reference? This chapter argues that disquotationalism is fully up to the ... More


Two Approaches to Ostensible Intuitions

Peter Unger

in Philosophical Relativity

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195155532
eISBN:
9780199833818
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019515553X.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Explores the distinction between the prevalent approach to ostensible intuitions, which takes such intuitions to be indicative of semantic conditions, and the broadly psychological approach, which ... More


Reference time

OLGA BORIK

in Aspect and Reference Time

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199291298
eISBN:
9780191710711
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199291298.003.0005
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter provides a theoretical basis for the evaluation of the aspectual differences in Russian. It introduces and discusses the concept of reference time. It also presents the unified theory of ... More


Scientific Realism as an Issue in Semantics

Christopher Gauker (ed.)

in Truth and Realism

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199288878
eISBN:
9780191594304
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199288878.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter takes issue with the core assumption in Chapter 5 that the debate over scientific realism is primarily about what exists as opposed to how we represent what exists. It argues that a ... More


Radical Interpretation

Timothy McCarthy

in Radical Interpretation and Indeterminacy

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195145069
eISBN:
9780199833436
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195145062.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

Lays out a general framework for radical interpretation, which the ensuing chapters apply, respectively, to the theory of reference and to the philosophy of logic. McCarthy's main claim is that a ... More


Reference

Paul Horwich

in Meaning

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198238249
eISBN:
9780191597725
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019823824X.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter begins with criticism of ‘description’ and ‘causal’ theories—arguing that they should not be regarded as theories of reference. There then follows a deflationary account according to ... More


Against Arguments from Reference

Ron Mallon, Edouard Machery, Shaun Nichols, and Stephen Stich

in Collected Papers, Volume 1: Mind and Language, 1972–2010

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199734108
eISBN:
9780190267513
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199734108.003.0017
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter focuses on arguments that derive philosophically significant conclusions from the assumption of one or another theory of reference—what are called “arguments from reference.” It first ... More


Mandelshtam’s Meridian: On Paul Celan’s Aesthetic-Historical Materialism

Henry W. Pickford

in The Sense of Semblance: Philosophical Analyses of Holocaust Art

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780823245406
eISBN:
9780823250776
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823245406.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This chapter considers the influence of the Russian poet Osip Mandelshtam’s writings on the poetry and programmatic prose of Paul Celan against the background of two philosophers who read the ... More


The Fuel of Scientific Progress

Marco J. Nathan

in Black Boxes: How Science Turns Ignorance Into Knowledge

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
July 2021
ISBN:
9780190095482
eISBN:
9780190095512
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190095482.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter addresses a classic topic: the advancement of science. In the wake of Kuhn’s groundbreaking work, positivist philosophy of science was replaced by a more realistic and historically ... More


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