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What Neurodevelopmental Disorders Can Reveal about Cognitive Architecture: The Example of Theory of Mind *

Helen Tager‐Flusberg

in The Innate Mind: Structure and Contents

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195179675
eISBN:
9780199869794
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179675.003.0016
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter begins with an overview of the controversy surrounding the study of children and adults with neurodevelopmental disorders, and how these inform theories of neurocognitive architecture. ... More


Philosophical and Scientific Perspectives on Mentalizing

Alvin I. Goldman

in Simulating Minds: The Philosophy, Psychology, and Neuroscience of Mindreading

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195138924
eISBN:
9780199786480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195138929.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

A brief overview and mini-history of the subject of mindreading are presented. Philosophers were the first to worry about the folk understanding of other minds and the distinctive nature of ... More


The Modularity Theory

Alvin I. Goldman

in Simulating Minds: The Philosophy, Psychology, and Neuroscience of Mindreading

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195138924
eISBN:
9780199786480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195138929.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Modularists claim that folk psychology is mediated by an innate modularized database, the structures of which support inferences concerning representational relations like belief, desire, and ... More


Parent‐Offspring Conflict and the Development of Social Understanding *

Daniel J. Povinelli, Christopher G. Prince, and Todd M. Preuss

in The Innate Mind: Structure and Contents

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195179675
eISBN:
9780199869794
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179675.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter begins with a brief review of the theory of parent-offspring conflict and considers the role of this conflict in the cognitive development of human infants. It then discusses the ... More


Achieving Efficient Learning: Why Understanding Theory of Mind Is Essential for Deaf Children … and Their Teachers

Cyril Courtin, Anne-Marie Melot, and Denis Corroyer

in Deaf Cognition: Foundations and Outcomes

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195368673
eISBN:
9780199894161
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195368673.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Theory of Mind (ToM), originally defined as the ability to consider the human mind as a generator of representations, is a cornerstone in social interactions because it corresponds to developing an ... More


Magical Thinking and the Mind

Eugene Subbotsky

in Magic and the Mind: Mechanisms, Functions, and Development of Magical Thinking and Behavior

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195393873
eISBN:
9780199776979
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393873.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Chapter 11 (“Magical Thinking and the Mind”) takes a broader look at what place magical thinking occupies in the whole of an individual's mind, particularly in relation to ... More


Self-Expression

Mitchell S. Green

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199283781
eISBN:
9780191712548
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199283781.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Language

This book offers a general theory of expressive behavior, including but not limited to such behavior as it occurs in our own species. At the core of the project is the thesis that self-expression is ... More


Minds, Other Minds, and the Minds of Gods

Todd Tremlin

in Minds and Gods: The Cognitive Foundations of Religion

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195305340
eISBN:
9780199784721
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195305345.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter examines some evolved mental mechanisms that play key roles in the representation of god concepts. The incorrigible operation of an Agency Detection Device (ADD) and a Theory of Mind ... More


Object-Based Set-Shifting in Preschoolers: Relations to Theory of Mind

Daniela Kloo, Josef Perner, and Thomas Giritzer

in Self- and Social-Regulation: Exploring the Relations Between Social Interaction, Social Understanding, and the Development of Executive Functions

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195327694
eISBN:
9780199776962
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195327694.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter focuses on children's ability to shift between different ways of thinking about an object, which is termed object-based set-shifting. First, we outline crucial developments in social ... More


Understanding Sympathy and Sympathetic Understanding

Sophie Ratcliffe

in On Sympathy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199239870
eISBN:
9780191716799
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199239870.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, Poetry

This chapter presents an overview of ideas of sympathy and empathy, and their relations with theology, from the late 19th century to the present day. Using The Tempest as a central example, it ... More


A Case for the Psychological Reality of Language

Michael Devitt

in Ignorance of Language

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199250967
eISBN:
9780191603945
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199250960.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter begins with the popular “Representational Theory of the Mind” (RTM), according to which a thought involves a mental representation. It then follows Fodor in arguing for the controversial ... More


Modularity in Language and Theory of Mind: What Is the Evidence?

Michael Siegal and Luca Surian

in The Innate Mind: Volume 2: Culture and Cognition

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195310139
eISBN:
9780199871209
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310139.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter examines evidence on the relationship between language and theory of mind (ToM) reasoning. Despite wide environmental variations in exposure to language, grammar and ToM emerge ... More


The Interactive Practice of Mind

Shaun Gallager (ed.)

in How the Body Shapes the Mind

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199271948
eISBN:
9780191603112
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199271941.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Intersubjectivity, social cognition, or the problem of other minds — these are terms in different disciplines for the same problem: how does one understand other people —how does one grasp their ... More


Epistemic Flow and the Social Making of Minds

Charlie Lewis, Jeremy I. M. Carpendale, John Towse, and Katerina Maridaki-Kassotaki

in Self- and Social-Regulation: Exploring the Relations Between Social Interaction, Social Understanding, and the Development of Executive Functions

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195327694
eISBN:
9780199776962
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195327694.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Correlations between an understanding of self and other in psychological terms, often referred to as “theory of mind,” and the control of action, often labeled “executive functions,” have been ... More


Underpinning Collaborative Learning

Emma Flynn

in Self- and Social-Regulation: Exploring the Relations Between Social Interaction, Social Understanding, and the Development of Executive Functions

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195327694
eISBN:
9780199776962
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195327694.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter investigates the development of, and relations between, children's collaborative abilities and other cognitive skills, most notably mental state understanding and executive functioning. ... More


Hume Variations

Jerry A. Fodor

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199287338
eISBN:
9780191700439
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199287338.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Language

This book looks to David Hume for help in advancing our understanding of the mind. The book claims his Treatise of Human Nature as the foundational document of cognitive science: it launched the ... More


Marvelous Minds: The discovery of what children know

Michael Siegal

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199582884
eISBN:
9780191702358
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199582884.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Children have a spontaneous interest in the world around them, whether the workings of the earth, sun, and stars; the nature of number, time, and space; or the functioning of the body. Yet what is ... More


The Prehistoric Roots of the Modern Mind

Todd Tremlin

in Minds and Gods: The Cognitive Foundations of Religion

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195305340
eISBN:
9780199784721
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195305345.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter explains why the process of human evolution is crucial to understanding the structures and functions of the modern human mind. Tracing hominid development up to the appearance of Homo ... More


How are Cognitions Possible?

Robert Hanna

in Kant and the Foundations of Analytic Philosophy

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199272044
eISBN:
9780191699573
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199272044.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, General

This chapter argues that the key explanatory notion in Immanuel Kant's general cognitive semantics is his epigenetic or generative/productive theory of the mind, according to which object-directed ... More


The Frontal Lobes and Self-Awareness

DONALD T. STUSS, R. SHAYNA ROSENBAUM, SARAH MALCOLM, WILLIAM CHRISTIANA, and JULIAN PAUL KEENAN

in The Lost Self: Pathologies of the Brain and Identity

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195173413
eISBN:
9780199865758
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195173413.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter summarizes a hierarchical framework proposed by Stuss, Picton, and Alexander (2001) that suggests different levels of awareness of self to account for variations in attributions of ... More


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