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The Theory Ladenness of the Mental Processes Used in the Scientific Enterprise 1: Evidence from Cognitive Psychology and the History of Science

William F. Brewer

in Psychology of Science: Implicit and Explicit Processes

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199753628
eISBN:
9780199950027
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199753628.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter examines the issue of the theory ladenness of observation. Data from laboratory experiments and episodes in the history of science provide convincing evidence that perception is ... More


A Plea for Science Studies A Plea for Science Studies Philip Kitcher

Philip Kitcher

in A House Built on Sand: Exposing Postmodernist Myths About Science

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195117257
eISBN:
9780199785995
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195117255.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This essay contrasts two views of science that are popular in Science Studies: the realist-rationalist approach, and the socio-historical perspective, and calls for an integration of the best ... More


Towards a Consequentialist Understanding of Cognitive Penetration

Dustin Stokes

in The Cognitive Penetrability of Perception: New Philosophical Perspectives

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780198738916
eISBN:
9780191802102
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198738916.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Since cognitive penetration is supposed to be an empirical phenomenon, recent strategies for analysis have been to define the phenomenon and then interpret various psychological data. However, ... More


A Finished Task: Darwin’s Treatise on Coral Reefs

Alistair Sponsel

in Darwin's Evolving Identity: Adventure, Ambition, and the Sin of Speculation

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780226523118
eISBN:
9780226523255
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226523255.003.0011
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter analyzes the content and strategy of Darwin’s 1842 book, The Structure and Distribution of Coral Reefs. It was not the grand synthetic geological treatise he had originally envisioned ... More


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