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Conclusions

Lawrence Sklar

in Theory and Truth: Philosophical Critique within Foundational Science

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199251575
eISBN:
9780191598449
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199251576.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Abstract, philosophical scepticism about the truth of theories can rest on doubts about positing unobservables, doubts arising out of the role played by idealization in theories, and doubts arising ... More


The Strong Program In Cultural Sociology: Elements of a Structural Hermeneutics (with Philip Smith)

Jeffrey C. Alexander and Philip Smith

in The Meanings of Social Life: A Cultural Sociology

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195160840
eISBN:
9780199944156
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195160840.003.0011
Subject:
Sociology, Culture

This chapter evaluates the competing models or understandings of culture currently available to social theory using the concept of cultural autonomy. It highlights the fundamental flaws that ... More


Investigating the Psychological World: Scientific Method in the Behavioral Sciences

Brian D. Haig

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780262027366
eISBN:
9780262322379
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027366.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Clinical Psychology

This book constructs a broad theory of scientific method, which speaks to the conduct of psychological research. This abductive theory of method (ATOM) portrays research as a bottom-up process ... More


Grice’s Theory of Conversational Inference: A Critical Exposition

Jay David Atlas

in Logic, Meaning, and Conversation: Semantical Underdeterminacy, Implicature, and their Interface

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195133004
eISBN:
9780199850181
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195133004.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

Richard Rorty wrote The Linguistic Turn, a collection of essays that discusses the philosophical methods employed by both various empiricists during the war and the philosophers of “ordinary ... More


A Primary Frame For Organizing Social Relations

Cecilia L. Ridgeway

in Framed by Gender: How Gender Inequality Persists in the Modern World

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199755776
eISBN:
9780199894925
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199755776.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter explains the argument that gender is a primary frame for organizing social relations and examines empirical evidence for it. Social relations pose a coordination problem that is solved ... More


Critical Scientific Realism

Ilkka Niiniluoto

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199251612
eISBN:
9780191598098
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199251614.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This book gives a systematic formulation of critical scientific realism by surveying varieties of realism in ontology, semantics, epistemology, theory construction, and methodology. According to the ... More


Niche Inheritance

John Odling-Smee

in Evolution—the Extended Synthesis

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262513678
eISBN:
9780262315142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262513678.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter illustrates the addition of niche construction to evolutionary theory, focusing primarily on the EvoDevo relationship. It elaborates the concept of niche inheritance to illustrate how ... More


Building a Better Theory

Manuel Vargas

in Building Better Beings: A Theory of Moral Responsibility

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199697540
eISBN:
9780191748851
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199697540.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter explains the principles governing revisionist theory construction and a characterization of some of the core elements (such as blame and desert) that govern the account. It introduces a ... More


Holistic Darwinism: Synergy, Cybernetics, and the Bioeconomics of Evolution

Peter Corning

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226116136
eISBN:
9780226116334
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226116334.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

In recent years, evolutionary theorists have come to recognize that the reductionist, individualist, gene-centered approach to evolution cannot sufficiently account for the emergence of complex ... More


Aesthetics Naturalized

Murray Smith

in Film, Art, and the Third Culture: A Naturalized Aesthetics of Film

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780198790648
eISBN:
9780191837791
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198790648.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

Naturalism has established itself as perhaps the dominant approach to philosophy, at least in the analytic tradition. Is it a plausible approach to the arts and other aesthetic phenomena? Minimally, ... More


Validity

Brian E. Perron and David F. Gillespie

in Key Concepts in Measurement

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199855483
eISBN:
9780190235963
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199855483.003.0003
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

The quality of measurement is quantified by validity and reliability, and measurements experts universally agree that validity is pre-eminent. This chapter provides an in-depth discussion of modern ... More


Theorizing in Economic Sociology

Richard Swedberg

in Re-Imagining Economic Sociology

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
December 2015
ISBN:
9780198748465
eISBN:
9780191814051
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198748465.003.0002
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation

The chapters in this volume show that there exist different ways of approaching the topic of how to re-imagine economic sociology. For example, new topics can be analyzed with the help of existing ... More


Film, Art, and the Third Culture: A Naturalized Aesthetics of Film

Murray Smith

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780198790648
eISBN:
9780191837791
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198790648.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

Sixty years ago C. P. Snow began his campaign against the ‘two cultures’—the debilitating divide, as he saw it, between traditional ‘literary intellectual’ culture, and the culture of the ... More


Why Plato Lost Interest in the Socratic Method

Gareth Matthews

in Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy, Volume 54

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2018
ISBN:
9780198825128
eISBN:
9780191864681
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198825128.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

The Socratic elenchus is a method of philosophical analysis which Plato largely dropped in his middle and later writings, with two exceptions, Republic 1 and the Theaetetus. But it is a mistake to ... More


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