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Scientific Realism, Constructive Empiricism, and Structuralism

James Ladyman, Don Ross, David Spurrett, and John Collier

in Every Thing Must Go: Metaphysics Naturalized

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199276196
eISBN:
9780191706127
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199276196.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This chapter argues that a form of structural realism is motivated by reflection on issues that arise in two different domains that have been the subject of intense scrutiny during recent decades. ... More


Metaphors of Change in the Language of Nineteenth-Century Fiction: Scott, Gaskell, and Kingsley

Megan Perigoe Stitt

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198184423
eISBN:
9780191674242
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198184423.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

From the beginning of the 19th century, the emerging study of language shared with geology certain metaphors — co-existing but mutually incompatible — to describe theories of change. The Tower of ... More


Concluding Reflections: Sudan’s Comprehensive Peace Agreement and Theories of Change

Alex De Waal

in Making and Breaking Peace in Sudan and South Sudan: The Comprehensive Peace Agreement and Beyond

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780197266953
eISBN:
9780191938191
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197266953.003.0017
Subject:
Political Science, Conflict Politics and Policy

This chapter draws upon the contributions to this volume and adds additional reflections on peacemaking in Sudan and South Sudan, to draw out some patterns and general conclusions. It frames the ... More


Strategic Change: Intelligent Adaptation

James A. Phills

in Integrating Mission and Strategy for Nonprofit Organizations

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195171280
eISBN:
9780199850327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195171280.003.0008
Subject:
Business and Management, Strategy

This chapter describes the challenge of strategic change, whether internally or externally driven. In particular, a meta-framework that identifies three specific types of knowledge necessary for ... More


Transience

Lawrence Sklar

in Theory and Truth: Philosophical Critique within Foundational Science

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199251575
eISBN:
9780191598449
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199251576.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

It is a platitude of scepticism that our theories are never more than transient holders of our scientific esteem, soon to be replaced by newer, incompatible theories. What are some ‘global’ responses ... More


Logical Non-Apriorism and the ‘Law’ of Non-Contradiction

Otávio Bueno and Mark Colyvan

in The Law of Non-Contradiction

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199265176
eISBN:
9780191713989
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199265176.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

A common response to those who question the Law of Non-Contradiction (LNC) is that it is impossible to debate such a fundamental law of logic. The reasons for this response vary, but what seems to ... More


Mathematical Change and Scientific Change

Philip Kitcher

in The Nature of Mathematical Knowledge

Published in print:
1985
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195035414
eISBN:
9780199833368
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195035410.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

Chapters 7–9 offer a general account of the growth of mathematics. Introduce the notion of a mathematical practice, a multidimensional entity consisting of a language, accepted statements, accepted ... More


Competencies as a Behavioral Manifestation of Implicit Motives

Richard E. Boyatzis and Stephen P. Kelner

in Implicit Motives

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195335156
eISBN:
9780199776955
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195335156.003.0017
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Implicit motives manifest themselves in patterns of behavior that we call competencies. Since 1970, the study of competencies and their predictive relationship to effectiveness in many occupations in ... More


What Is Case Management?

Mary E. Evans and Mary I. Armstrong

in Community Treatment for Youth: Evidence-Based Interventions for Severe Emotional and Behavioral Disorders

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195134575
eISBN:
9780199864065
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195134575.003.0003
Subject:
Social Work, Health and Mental Health, Communities and Organizations

This chapter begins with a brief discussion of the definitions of case management. It then discusses the core functions of case management, the process of case management, its history and ... More


Patterns of Mathematical Change

Philip Kitcher

in The Nature of Mathematical Knowledge

Published in print:
1985
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195035414
eISBN:
9780199833368
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195035410.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

Describes some types of inference and principles of theory choice that are involved in the growth of mathematics.


Logic Models: Theories of Change, Leverage, and Scale

Peter Frumkin (ed.)

in Strategic Giving: The Art and Science of Philanthropy

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226266268
eISBN:
9780226266282
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226266282.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Economic Sociology

This chapter discusses the role of the theories of change, leverage, and scale in helping donors improve philanthropic effectiveness. It explains that there are strong connections linking these ... More


Classroom Settings as Targets of Intervention and Research

Stephanie M. Jones, Joshua L. Brown, and J. Lawrence Aber

in Toward Positive Youth Development: Transforming Schools and Community Programs

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195327892
eISBN:
9780199301478
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195327892.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Clinical Child Psychology / School Psychology

This chapter focuses on the classroom context as a primary setting for positive youth development. It highlights the theory and evaluations of two programs that aim to promote caring classroom ... More


Theory Change and the Indeterminacy of Reference

Hartry Field

in Truth and the Absence of Fact

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199242894
eISBN:
9780191597381
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199242895.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, General

There is a natural argument for the incommensurability of scientific theories, based on examples where there is more than one equally good candidate for what an earlier term referred to. The chapter ... More


Mathematical Changes

Philip Kitcher

in The Nature of Mathematical Knowledge

Published in print:
1985
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195035414
eISBN:
9780199833368
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195035410.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

Surveys the types of changes in mathematics that are of epistemological interest.


Execution: Translating Mission and Strategy into Action

James A. Phills

in Integrating Mission and Strategy for Nonprofit Organizations

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195171280
eISBN:
9780199850327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195171280.003.0005
Subject:
Business and Management, Strategy

This chapter explores the execution of strategy and the role of logic as key elements in the execution of the mission. The mission and the parallel logic of “causal models” or “theories of change” ... More


Symmetric Markov Processes, Time Change, and Boundary Theory (LMS-35)

Zhen-Qing Chen and Masatoshi Fukushima

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691136059
eISBN:
9781400840564
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691136059.001.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

This book gives a comprehensive and self-contained introduction to the theory of symmetric Markov processes and symmetric quasi-regular Dirichlet forms. In a detailed and accessible manner, the book ... More


Theories of Change: Creating and Going Forward

Leslie Hollingsworth and Larry M. Gant

in A Twenty-First Century Approach to Community Change: Partnering to Improve Life Outcomes for Youth and Families in Under-Served Neighborhoods

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
July 2017
ISBN:
9780190463311
eISBN:
9780190463342
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190463311.003.0005
Subject:
Social Work, Communities and Organizations

Abstract: This chapter describes how the University of Michigan School of Social Work’s Technical Assistance Center (UMSSW/TAC) developed its theory of change as a partner in the Skillman ... More


Conclusion: towards a theory of change for social cohesion

Ines Newman and Peter Ratcliffe

in Promoting social cohesion: Implications for policy and evaluation

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847426956
eISBN:
9781447303084
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847426956.003.0014
Subject:
Sociology, Urban and Rural Studies

This chapter aims to pull together the chapters of this book into a theory of change (ToC) that can provide a new basis for the evaluation of social cohesion. It also highlights the problems with ... More


Introduction

Duncan Green

in How Change Happens

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2016
ISBN:
9780198785392
eISBN:
9780191833236
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198785392.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, Public and Welfare

This introductory chapter recounts personal experiences as an individual ‘change agent’, which have shaped the making of this book. It laments the fact that many theories of change used by different ... More


The ‘Philosopher’s Stone’: Physics, Metaphysics, and the Value of a Final Theory

Kerry McKenzie

in Philosophy Beyond Spacetime: Implications from Quantum Gravity

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
September 2021
ISBN:
9780198844143
eISBN:
9780191879777
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198844143.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Physicists have long been in search of the final theory—a physical theory that can be regarded as the truly fundamental description of nature. But metaphysicians likewise aspire to describe the world ... More


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