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Intrinsic Value and the Notion of a Life

Jerrold Levinson

in Contemplating Art: Essays in Aesthetics

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199206179
eISBN:
9780191709982
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199206179.003.0025
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

This essay explores the notion of intrinsic value. It is argued thata richly sentient life being a certain wayis the only possible subject of a defensible judgement of intrinsic value. One ... More


Weighing Lives

John Broome

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2005
ISBN:
9780199243761
eISBN:
9780191602900
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019924376X.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

People are often faced with decisions that involve weighing the lives of some people against the lives of others, or weighing lives against other goods. This book aims to develop a moral theory that ... More


Rickert and the Philosophy of Value

Frederick C. Beiser

in The German Historicist Tradition

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199691555
eISBN:
9780191731839
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199691555.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter is a close examination of the philosophy of value of Heinrich Rickert (1863–1936). The philosophy of value was an attempt to define and secure an ahistorical realm of values against the ... More


The Principles of Economic Science

Athol Fitzgibbons

in Adam Smith's System of Liberty, Wealth, and Virtue: The Moral and Political Foundations of The Wealth of Nations

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198292883
eISBN:
9780191596247
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198292880.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

Laments that many economists are ignorant of Smith's ideas. It explains that Smith's objective was not to increase international trade, and briefly considers his theories of value and money.


The Nature of Goodness

W. D. Ross

in The Right and the Good

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199252657
eISBN:
9780191598333
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199252653.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This is the second of five chapters on good, and starts by making the point that it is around the question of the intrinsically good that the chief controversies about the nature of goodness or value ... More


Utility Hypothesis

S. N. Afriat

in Logic of Choice and Economic Theory

Published in print:
1987
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198284611
eISBN:
9780191595844
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198284616.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This is the first of six chapters in Part II about demand and utility cost, a typical area for what is understood as choice theory. It discusses utility hypothesis and the theory of value. Its five ... More


Animal Rights and the Values of Nonhuman Life

Elizabeth Anderson

in Animal Rights: Current Debates and New Directions

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195305104
eISBN:
9780199850556
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195305104.003.0014
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

This chapter examines some of the tensions among animal welfare, animal rights, and environmental protection ethics. It explains that while animal rights advocates object to animal experimentation, ... More


Desire-Based Theories of Reasons, Pleasure, and Welfare 1

Chris Heathwood

in Oxford Studies in Metaethics: Volume 6

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199606375
eISBN:
9780191729478
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199606375.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

One of the most important disputes in the foundations of ethics concerns the source of practical reasons. On the desire-based view, only one's desires (broadly construed) provide one with reasons to ... More


Pains—‘Work while it is called Today’: Utility, Political Economy,Carlyle, and Trollope

Kathleen Blake

in Pleasures of Benthamism: Victorian Literature, Utility, Political Economy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199563265
eISBN:
9780191721809
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563265.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

Benthamites and economists acknowledge a principle of pain in work. But there is to be no self‐sacrifice that outruns self‐interest. Indeed in contemplating work, these writers communicate an element ... More


Nietzsche and Moral Fictionalism

Alan Thomas

in Nietzsche, Naturalism, and Normativity

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199583676
eISBN:
9780191745294
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199583676.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter assesses Nadeem Hussain's well-known moral fictionalist interpretation of Nietzsche. It also evaluates moral fictionalism as a free standing meta-ethical view. It distinguishes different ... More


Wanting and Valuing

Jeanette Kennett

in Agency and Responsibility: A Common-Sense Moral Psychology

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199266302
eISBN:
9780191699146
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199266302.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter describes Gary Watson's view of human psychology and the account of weakness which he derives from it. The chapter starts by examining an approach, rooted in the Platonic view of human ... More


Race, Nation, Equality: Olaudah Equiano’s Interesting Narrative and a Genealogy of U.S. Mercantilism

David Kazanjian

in Post-Nationalist American Studies

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520224384
eISBN:
9780520925267
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520224384.003.0007
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter introduces Olaudah Equiano and examines the concept of U.S. mercantilism. It begins by suggesting that Equiano's text urges people to consider how mercantilism worked to produce and to ... More


Bukharin as an Economist

Alec Nove

in The Ideas of Nikolai Bukharin

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198278665
eISBN:
9780191684227
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198278665.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter suggests that Bukharin was one of the few Bolsheviks familiar with ‘bourgeois’ economics. It considers The Political Rentier (1914), in which he counterposed the labour theory of value ... More


Substance Value

André Orléan

in The Empire of Value: A New Foundation for Economics

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780262026970
eISBN:
9780262323901
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262026970.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

Resolving the enigma of what is called market isolation—how the activities of agents who are strangers to one another, as neoclassical theory supposes, come to be reliably coordinated—depends on ... More


The Limits of Exploitation

Mark R. Reiff

in Exploitation and Economic Justice in the Liberal Capitalist State

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199664009
eISBN:
9780191751400
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199664009.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter examines the distinction between a gift and an exchange, explains how concerns over the commodification of goods, the legality of transactions, and the capacity of the parties relate to ... More


The Value of Humanity: Reflections on Korsgaard’s Transcendental Argument

Robert Stern

in Transcendental Philosophy and Naturalism

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199608553
eISBN:
9780191729645
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608553.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This article considers Christine Korsgaard's argument for the value of humanity, and the role that her transcendental argument plays in this, to the effect that an agent must value her own humanity. ... More


From Ricardo to Mill

Ernesto Screpanti and Stefano Zamagni

in An Outline of the History of Economic Thought

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198774556
eISBN:
9780191717383
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198774559.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

Deals with the consolidation of Smithian orthodoxy in the age of Ricardo, Malthus, and J. S. Mill. The Ricardian theories of rent and of the decreasing returns are utilized to explain the contrast ... More


Marx’s Economy and Beyond

Mark Harvey and Norman Geras

in Inequality and Democratic Egalitarianism: Marx's Economy and Beyond and Other Essays

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781526114020
eISBN:
9781526136046
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781526114020.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter presents the central argument of the book, jointly written by Mark Harvey and Norman Geras. It develops a systematic critique of Marx’s foundational theory of class division and ... More


The Originality of Saussure

Russell Daylight

in What if Derrida Was Wrong About Saussure?

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748641970
eISBN:
9780748671564
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748641970.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics

This chapter attempts to establish the originality which Jacques Derrida grants to Ferdinand de Saussure within the epoch of the sign. Such originality stands or falls on the status of Saussure's ... More


An Outline of the History of Economic Thought

Ernesto Screpanti and Stefano Zamagni

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198774556
eISBN:
9780191717383
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198774559.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

Provides a comprehensive and analytical overview of the development of economic theory from its beginnings, at the end of the Middle Ages, up to contemporary contributions. Traditional theories are ... More


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