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The Nature of Goodness

W. D. Ross

in The Right and the Good

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199252657
eISBN:
9780191598333
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199252653.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This is the second of five chapters on good, and starts by making the point that it is around the question of the intrinsically good that the chief controversies about the nature of goodness or value ... More


Public Goods and Contingent Valuation

Robert Sugden

in Valuing Environmental Preferences: Theory and Practice of the Contingent Valuation Method in the US, EU , and developing Countries

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199248919
eISBN:
9780191595950
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199248915.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Some of the special problems involved in eliciting preferences for public goods (with which many applications of contingent valuation are concerned) are considered. The defining characteristic of a ... More


Ideals and Inconsistency

Paul Weithman

in Why Political Liberalism?: On John Rawls's Political Turn

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195393033
eISBN:
9780199894901
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393033.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

Rawls suggests that the inconsistency he found in justice as fairness resulted from his assumption in Theory of Justice that everyone in a just liberal society would affirm the same comprehensive ... More


Thin Reasons to Be Just

Paul Weithman

in Why Political Liberalism?: On John Rawls's Political Turn

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195393033
eISBN:
9780199894901
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393033.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

As a prelude to his arguments for congruence, Rawls argues that members of a well-ordered society would have four reasons to maintain their sense of justice. Those four reasons depend upon the ... More


Ultimate Good, Part I: Perfectionism and Desire-Based Theory

Katarzyna de Lazari-Radek and Peter Singer

in The Point of View of the Universe: Sidgwick and Contemporary Ethics

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780199603695
eISBN:
9780191781834
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199603695.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The axiom of universal benevolence tells us to maximize the good, impartially, but does not tell us what this good is. Theories of the good can be divided into internalist and externalist theories, ... More


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