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The Architecture of Reason: The Structure and Substance of Rationality

Robert Audi

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195158427
eISBN:
9780199871407
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195158427.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

The literature on theoretical reason has been dominated by epistemological concerns, treatments of practical reason by ethical concerns. This book overcomes the limitations of dealing with each ... More


The Retrieval of Ethics

Talbot Brewer

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199557882
eISBN:
9780191720918
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557882.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The virtue ethics movement in recent philosophical ethics can usefully be divided into two quite separate streams of thought. Some have turned to the texts of Plato and Aristotle for new answers to ... More


Action, Belief, and Desire

Robert Audi

in The Architecture of Reason: The Structure and Substance of Rationality

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195158427
eISBN:
9780199871407
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195158427.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

The parallels between the theoretical and the practical reason are extensive. This chapter considers the structural ones, such as the analogy between, on the one hand, inferential beliefs and the ... More


Impartial Evaluation and Rational Authority

Paul Hurley

in Beyond Consequentialism

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199559305
eISBN:
9780191721212
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199559305.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

The arguments in the first half of this chapter demonstrate that an account of moral standards based upon an interpersonal conception of impartiality, in stark contrast with its impersonal ... More


Introduction: Experience and Reason

Robert Audi

in The Architecture of Reason: The Structure and Substance of Rationality

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195158427
eISBN:
9780199871407
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195158427.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This introductory chapter begins with a brief discussion of the explanatory and justificatory roles of theoretical and practice reasons. It then considers the resistance to the idea that a unified ... More


Conclusion

Robert Audi

in The Architecture of Reason: The Structure and Substance of Rationality

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195158427
eISBN:
9780199871407
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195158427.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This concluding chapter presents a synthesis of discussions in the preceding chapters. Topics discussed include theoretical reason, the nature and grounds of rational belief, how practical reason is ... More


Superstructure

Robert Audi

in The Architecture of Reason: The Structure and Substance of Rationality

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195158427
eISBN:
9780199871407
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195158427.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter examines how justification is transmitted from one belief to another, as where one acquires justification for believing a proposition by inferring it from something else that one already ... More


Groundwork

Robert Audi

in The Architecture of Reason: The Structure and Substance of Rationality

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195158427
eISBN:
9780199871407
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195158427.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter presents a brief account of theoretical reason, particularly its basis. It addresses the following questions: what are the sources of justified beliefs? How are such beliefs grounded? ... More


THE STRUCTURE OF REASONS: INTERNALISM

Ingmar Persson

in The Retreat of Reason: A dilemma in the philosophy of life

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199276905
eISBN:
9780191603198
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199276900.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, General

The purpose of this chapter is to defend the internalist view that reasons for action and desire conceptually require a link to desires. This link to desire takes a more direct form in the case of ... More


Phantasia and Deliberation

Jessica Moss

in Aristotle on the Apparent Good: Perception, Phantasia, Thought, and Desire

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199656349
eISBN:
9780191742156
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199656349.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The remainder of the book argues that evaluative phantasia plays a crucial role even in our distinctively rational, distinctively human motivations, by showing that evaluative thought (thought of ... More


Fluency in Practical Thinking

Talbot Brewer

in The Retrieval of Ethics

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199557882
eISBN:
9780191720918
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557882.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Our understanding of the proper aim of philosophical ethics depends upon our picture of how thought makes itself practical. Contemporary ethical theorists have pictured practical thinking as ... More


Rationality

Gilbert Harman

in Reasoning, Meaning, and Mind

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198238027
eISBN:
9780191597633
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198238029.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Distinguishes logic from the theory of reasoning, rejects special epistemic foundations in favour of a general epistemological conservatism and discusses the role in reasoning of coherence and ... More


The Grounds of Ethical Judgement: New Transcendental Arguments in Moral Philosophy

Christian Illies

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198238324
eISBN:
9780191679612
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198238324.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Transcendental arguments have gained a lot of attention over the past twenty years, mainly in the field of theoretical reason. Yet few scholars have looked at their relevance to practical reason. ... More


AN OBJECTIVE REQUIREMENT?

Ingmar Persson

in The Retreat of Reason: A dilemma in the philosophy of life

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199276905
eISBN:
9780191603198
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199276900.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, General

In this chapter the fact that desires have a direction of fit which is opposite to that of beliefs is employed to suggest that objectivism with respect to reasons for desire is implausible. Because ... More


Doxastic Voluntarism and the Ethics of Belief

Robert Audi

in Knowledge, Truth, and Duty: Essays on Epistemic Justification, Responsibility, and Virtue

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195128925
eISBN:
9780199833764
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195128923.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Attempts to find a place for an ethics of belief given that belief is not under voluntary control. Distinguishes between a behavioral and a genetic version of doxastic voluntarism and rejects both. ... More


Epistemic Trust in Others

Linda Trinkaus Zagzebski

in Epistemic Authority: A Theory of Trust, Authority, and Autonomy in Belief

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199936472
eISBN:
9780199980697
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199936472.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter argues that a consistently conscientious person owes epistemic trust to others. What is called here epistemic egoism is not possible for a conscientious person. If we think of ourselves ... More


The Interests of Reason

Daniel Breazeale

in Thinking Through the Wissenschaftslehre: Themes from Fichte's Early Philosophy

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199233632
eISBN:
9780191763151
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199233632.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Kant distinguishes the interest of theoretical reason from that of practical reason and connects both to the interest of reason as such, which he conceives of as ultimately “practical.” Fichte links ... More


The Gap Opens: Evolution and our Capacity for Moral Knowledge

Angus Ritchie

in From Morality to Metaphysics: The Theistic Implications of our Ethical Commitments

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199652518
eISBN:
9780191745850
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199652518.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter makes a prima facie case for thinking all secular moral theories which are ‘sufficiently’ objectivist will also generate an ‘explanatory gap’. The chapter begins with a discussion of ... More


The Authority of Testimony

Linda Trinkaus Zagzebski

in Epistemic Authority: A Theory of Trust, Authority, and Autonomy in Belief

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199936472
eISBN:
9780199980697
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199936472.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter moves from a defense of the authority of another person's belief to the authority of testimony. The chapter distinguishes the trust model of testimony the chapter defends from the ... More


Ethics

Thomas Nagel

in The Last Word

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195149838
eISBN:
9780199872206
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195149831.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Considers whether moral reasoning is fundamental and inescapable. Nagel argues that we cannot step outside the procedures of justification and criticism employed in moral and practical reason and ... More


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