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THE SUBJECT OF MORAL PHILOSOPHY, WITH POSTSCRIPT 2007

Margaret Urban Walker

in Moral Understandings: A Feminist Study in Ethics

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195315394
eISBN:
9780199872053
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195315394.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy

This chapter claims that the subject matter of moral theory is morality, and that morality is a socially embodied medium of understanding and negotiation over responsibility for things open to human ... More


AUTHORITY AND TRANSPARENCY: The Example of Feminist Skepticism

Margaret Urban Walker

in Moral Understandings: A Feminist Study in Ethics

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195315394
eISBN:
9780199872053
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195315394.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy

In an age of moral skepticism, moral philosophers are often casual about their own positions to represent moral life in societies segmented by gender, race, class, and other differences. Drawing on ... More


WHERE DO MORAL THEORIES COME FROM?: Henry Sidgwick and Twentieth-century Ethics

Margaret Urban Walker

in Moral Understandings: A Feminist Study in Ethics

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195315394
eISBN:
9780199872053
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195315394.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy

This chapter traces the emergence of a theoretical-juridical model of moral theory in the work of English utilitarian philosopher Henry Sidgwick's masterwork, The Methods of Ethics. Through a series ... More


Ionic Transport Processes: in Electrochemistry and Membrane Science

Kyösti Kontturi, Lasse Murtomäki, and José A. Manzanares

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199533817
eISBN:
9780191714825
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199533817.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Modelling of heterogeneous processes, such as electrochemical reactions, extraction, or ion-exchange, usually requires solving the transport problem associated with the process. Since the processes ... More


Theoretical Models

Kevin A. Clarke and David M. Primo

in A Model Discipline: Political Science and the Logic of Representations

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195382198
eISBN:
9780199932399
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195382198.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter is devoted to theoretical models, which are characterized by their reliance on deductive reasoning, their technique (social choice and game theory), and their level of abstraction. ... More


Mors tua, vita mea? The Rise and Fall of Innovative Industrial Clusters

Mario A. Maggioni

in Cluster Genesis: Technology-Based Industrial Development

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199207183
eISBN:
9780191708886
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207183.003.0011
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation

This chapter contains a theoretical analysis of the rise and fall of clusters. It is shown how a major technological innovation sets a process of creative destruction into motion, where new clusters ... More


The Transpersonal Paradigm

Richard A. Schoenherr

David Yamane (ed.)

in Goodbye Father: The Celibate Male Priesthood and the Future of the Catholic Church

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780195082593
eISBN:
9780199834952
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195082591.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

The previous chapter discussed the Catholic Church as if it were like any other modern organization, but institutionalized religion is different from all other types of organization in important ... More


The Theoretical and Practical Consequences of Variations in Effective Illegality

Letizia Paoli, Victoria A. Greenfield, and Peter Reuter

in The World Heroin Market: Can Supply Be Cut?

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195322996
eISBN:
9780199944194
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195322996.003.0010
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance, Comparative and Historical Sociology

This chapter explores the distinctive configuration of the opiate market and heroin trade. It proposes a theoretical model of effective illegality that helps to explain the role of government in ... More


New Probability Models and Their Logic

Bas C. van Fraassen

in Quantum Mechanics: An Empiricist View

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198239802
eISBN:
9780191597466
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198239807.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

No common cause model can fit the phenomena that violate Bell's Inequalities; what sorts of probability models could do so? To answer this, we need to broaden our concept of statistical or ... More


Toward a Theory of Social Change in Organized Religion

Richard A. Schoenherr

David Yamane (ed.)

in Goodbye Father: The Celibate Male Priesthood and the Future of the Catholic Church

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780195082593
eISBN:
9780199834952
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195082591.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

The foundations of a theoretical model of social change in organized religion are laid down, drawing from classic and contemporary analyses of conflict and change in organizations, since in many ways ... More


The Formation of Social Capital among Chinese Urbanites: Theoretical Explanation and Empirical Evidence 1

Yanjie Bian

in Social Capital: An International Research Program

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199234387
eISBN:
9780191740619
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199234387.003.0043
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

This chapter presents a theoretical model that explains two structural sources of variation in the formation of social capital at interpersonal levels. It studies the argument that occupational life ... More


Experimental Practice and Conceptual Understanding

Joseph Rouse

in Articulating the World: Conceptual Understanding and the Scientific Image

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226293677
eISBN:
9780226293707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226293707.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter takes up the role of experimental practice in the articulation of conceptual understanding in the sciences, as a passage between the Scylla of merely “Given” experiential or causal ... More


Theoretical models of communication skills training

Richard Brown and Carma L Bylund

in Handbook of Communication in Oncology and Palliative Care

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780199238361
eISBN:
9780191730290
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199238361.003.0003
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Palliative Medicine Research

Several models of physicianȓpatient communication that have served as conceptual frameworks for communication skills training have been described over recent years. Studies have explored the efficacy ... More


Time in Indian Music: Rhythm, Metre, and Form in North Indian Rag Performance

Martin Clayton

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195339680
eISBN:
9780199851935
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195339680.001.0001
Subject:
Music, Ethnomusicology, World Music

This book is a study of rhythm, metre, and form in North Indian rāg, or classical, music. The author presents a theoretical model for the organization of time in this repertory, a model which is ... More


Methods and Models

John Hatcher and Mark Bailey

in Modelling the Middle Ages: The History and Theory of England's Economic Development

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199244119
eISBN:
9780191697333
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199244119.003.0001
Subject:
History, European Medieval History, Economic History

This chapter sketches how and why historians and social scientists have constructed and adopted grand supermodels in their quest to describe and explain economic and social development. Although ... More


Testing the Unified Theory of Colleague Valuation in the U.S. House of Representatives

Kristin Kanthak and George A. Krause

in The Diversity Paradox: Parties, Legislatures, and the Organizational Foundations of Representation in America

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199891726
eISBN:
9780199933433
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199891726.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter provides an empirical test of the formal model derived in the previous chapter, drawing on methods from the Empirical Implications of Theoretical Models (EITM) tradition. The dependent ... More


Religion’s Past and Future

Matt J. Rossano

in Supernatural Selection: How Religion Evolved

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195385816
eISBN:
9780199870080
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195385816.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Chapter 9 summarizes the evolutionary model being proposed in three major steps: (1) the proto-religion that existed prior to the African Interregnum period, (2) the major social/cognitive ... More


Adult Hippocampal Neurogenesis: Functional Implications of a ‘New’ Type of Plasticity

Alexander Garthe and Gerd Kempermann

in The Clinical Neurobiology of the Hippocampus: An integrative view

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199592388
eISBN:
9780199949922
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199592388.003.0006
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System, Behavioral Neuroscience

Adult hippocampal neurogenesis has changed our view on the adult mammalian brain by adding a new kind of neuroplasticity with strong implications for cognition and behaviour of older mammals. Because ... More


Introduction: Individuation across Cultures:The Blind Spot of Postcolonial Theory

Esha Niyogi De

in Empire, Media, and the Autonomous Woman: A Feminist Critique of Postcolonial Thought

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198072553
eISBN:
9780199080915
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198072553.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, Women's Literature

This introductory chapter examines the postcolonial and subaltern theoretical models of agency, which are founded on a position against Enlightenment individualism. The chapter studies a few Western ... More


A theoretical perspective for understanding face recognition

V. Bruce and Andrew W. Young

in Face and Mind

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198524205
eISBN:
9780191689161
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524205.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The aim of this chapter is to develop a theoretical model and a set of terms for understanding and discussing how one recognizes familiar faces, and the relationship between recognition and other ... More


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