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Events and Semantic Architecture

Paul M. Pietroski

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199244300
eISBN:
9780191714153
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199244300.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

This book articulates and defends a simple conception of semantic composition: when two meaningful expressions are concatenated, the result is understood as a conjunction of monadic predicates; in ... More


The Event Structure of Perception Verbs

Nikolas Gisborne

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199577798
eISBN:
9780191722417
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199577798.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Syntax and Morphology

Perception verbs – such as look, see, taste, hear, feel, sound, listen, and observe – present unresolved problems for linguistic theories. This book examines the predictability of relations between ... More


Verbal Passives in English and Hebrew: a Comparative Study

Aya Meltzer‐Asscher

in The Theta System: Argument Structure at the Interface

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199602513
eISBN:
9780191739200
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199602513.003.0011
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology, Semantics and Pragmatics

The paper argues that the mechanism underlying verbal passive formation in English and Hebrew is different. Whereas in English the implicit external argument has a syntactic representation, in Hebrew ... More


Actions as Inner Causes

Paul M. Pietroski

in Causing Actions

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199252763
eISBN:
9780191598234
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199252769.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Actions are mental events (tryings, volitions) that typically cause bodily motions. This is strongly suggested by the semantics of causative constructions, like ‘She raised her hand’, which require ... More


Argument structure and mapping theory

Mary Dalrymple, John J. Lowe, and Louise Mycock

in The Oxford Reference Guide to Lexical Functional Grammar

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
December 2019
ISBN:
9780198733300
eISBN:
9780191874246
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198733300.003.0009
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology, Theoretical Linguistics

This chapter explores argument structure and its relation to syntax, particularly concentrating on its role in determining the grammatical functions of the semantic arguments of a predicate. The ... More


Lexical semantic structure

Stephen Wechsler

in Word Meaning and Syntax: Approaches to the Interface

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199279883
eISBN:
9780191757563
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199279883.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

This chapter presents theories of lexical semantic structure. The system of thematic roles in Pāṇini’s ancient grammar of Sanskrit provides background for a presentation of thematic roles in modern ... More


The stage

Lucas Champollion

in Parts of a Whole: Distributivity as a Bridge between Aspect and Measurement

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780198755128
eISBN:
9780191816505
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198755128.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

This chapter presents a distilled picture of the crucial issues in the theoretical background assumptions and develops the framework on which strata theory is built. This framework is essentially a ... More


Clitics and Reflexives: Reducing the Lexicon-Syntax Parameter1

Marijana Marelj and Eric Reuland

in Concepts, Syntax, and Their Interface: The Theta System

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780262034135
eISBN:
9780262333177
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262034135.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics

This chapter assesses the nature of the operations affecting the valence of verbal predicates in the lexicon and in the syntax. It starts out with a more general perspective on binding theory and on ... More


Asymmetries between arguments of the verb

John A. Hawkins

in Cross-Linguistic Variation and Efficiency

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199664993
eISBN:
9780191748547
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199664993.003.0008
Subject:
Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter asks why there should be asymmetries and hierarchies between arguments of the verb, i.e., between what are loosely called ‘subjects,’ ‘direct objects,’ and ‘indirect objects’. It ... More


Against the Metaphysical Transparency of Semantic Adicity

Kenneth A. Taylor

in Meaning Diminished: Toward Metaphysically Modest Semantics

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780198803447
eISBN:
9780191841620
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198803447.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The argument of previous chapters is generalized from referring expressions to argument-taking expressions more generally. The focus is on potential mismatches between what I call the semantic (and ... More


Productivity and constraints

D. Gary Miller

in English Lexicogenesis

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199689880
eISBN:
9780191770371
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199689880.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology, Theoretical Linguistics

This chapter focuses on the most important potential, ephemeral, categorical, and processing constraints on derivations that appear to inhibit productivity. A morpheme can be productive if the ... More


The Evolution of Functional Left Peripheries in Hungarian Syntax

Katalin É. Kiss (ed.)

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2014
ISBN:
9780198709855
eISBN:
9780191780165
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198709855.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

Hungarian, a Ugric language of the Finno-Ugric branch of the Uralic language family, is one of a handful of non-Indo-European languages with a documented history spanning more than 800 years. This ... More


What you can say without syntax: a hierarchy of grammatical complexity

Ray Jackendoff and Eva Wittenberg

in Measuring Grammatical Complexity

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
December 2014
ISBN:
9780199685301
eISBN:
9780191765476
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199685301.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

This chapter proposes a hierarchy of grammars that offer a range of resources for expressing meaning, all the way from the grammatically simplest languages to fully complex languages. The hierarchy ... More


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