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From Old Worlds to New

Sarah A. Curtis

in Civilizing Habits: Women Missionaries and the Revival of French Empire

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195394184
eISBN:
9780199866595
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195394184.003.0002
Subject:
History, World Modern History, History of Religion

This chapter introduces missionary Philippine Duchesne, who entered a cloistered Visitation convent in Grenoble in 1787. Forced to leave because of the Revolution, she joined the Religious of the ... More


The Evangelical Mosaic

Stephen Spector

in Evangelicals and Israel: The Story of American Christian Zionism

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195368024
eISBN:
9780199867646
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195368024.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society, Judaism

This chapter offers a brief history of evangelicalism. It traces the origins of fundamentalism and notes the distinction between the evangelicalism that emerged in the mid-twentieth century, as ... More


Durkheim as a Teacher of Religion

Warren Schmaus

in Teaching Durkheim

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195165272
eISBN:
9780199784554
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195165276.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter traces the development of Durkheim's thinking about religion in terms of courses in philosophy, sociology, and education that deal with religious topics. Durkheim's sociological view ... More


A Pragmatist's Progress: The Varieties of James's Strategies for Defending Religion

Kitcher Philip

in Preludes to Pragmatism: Toward a Reconstruction of Philosophy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199899555
eISBN:
9780199980154
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199899555.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter scrutinizes James's evolving attempts to reconcile religion and science. Although James is sometimes modest in aiming to preserve a form of religion independent of claims about ... More


Deweyan Pragmatic Religious Naturalism

Sami Pihlström

in Pragmatic Pluralism and the Problem of God

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780823251582
eISBN:
9780823252763
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823251582.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, American Philosophy

This chapter deals with the socially oriented, pragmatically naturalist conception of religious faith John Dewey developed in A Common Faith (1934) and elsewhere, as well as Dewey’s influence on ... More


Realizing Religious Freedom in Islam

Daniel Philpott

in Religious Freedom in Islam: The Fate of a Universal Human Right in the Muslim World Today

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780190908188
eISBN:
9780190908218
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190908188.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This concluding chapter offers six recommendations for increasing the sphere of religious freedom in the Muslim-majority world and in the globe in general. These are drawn from the book’s foregoing ... More


The First Islamic Reviver: Abu Hamid al-Ghazali and his Revival of the Religious Sciences

Kenneth Garden

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199989621
eISBN:
9780199395590
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199989621.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Islam

Building on recent revisionist scholarship, this book offers a new overview of the last two decades of the life of the seminal 11th-century Islamic thinker Abu Hamid al-Ghazali (d. 1111). It focuses ... More


William James and the Wild Beasts of the Philosophical Desert

Douglas R. Anderson

in Philosophy Americana: Making Philosophy at Home in American Culture

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2011
ISBN:
9780823225507
eISBN:
9780823235506
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fso/9780823225507.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, American Philosophy

This chapter focuses on William James and his book entitled “The Varieties of Religious Experience.” This book made people view James as unrespectable. His aim was to write, in a nondismissive way, ... More


Regulating Religion under Communism

Fenggang Yang

in Religion in China: Survival and Revival under Communist Rule

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199735655
eISBN:
9780199918591
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199735655.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Chapter Four traces the historical evolution of the religious policy under Chinese Communist rule. During the 60 years of Communist rule in China, the atheism-based regulation of religion has had ... More


Institutionalizing Soviet Islam, 1944‒1958

Eren Tasar

in Soviet and Muslim: The Institutionalization of Islam in Central Asia, 1943-1991

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2017
ISBN:
9780190652104
eISBN:
9780190652135
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190652104.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This chapter focuses on the Council for the Affairs of Religious Cults (CARC), created by Stalin in 1944 in order to supervise all officially recognized religions in the USSR with the exception of ... More


The Revival and Its Agenda

Kenneth Garden

in The First Islamic Reviver: Abu Hamid al-Ghazali and his Revival of the Religious Sciences

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199989621
eISBN:
9780199395590
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199989621.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Islam

Al-Ghazali’s masterpiece, the Revival of the Religious Sciences, has been misunderstood and mischaracterized. It is not a work of Sufism, but of what al-Ghazali calls the “Science of the Hereafter.” ... More


The Rhetoric of Revival: Authorizing Strategies and the Presentation of the Science of the Hereafter

Kenneth Garden

in The First Islamic Reviver: Abu Hamid al-Ghazali and his Revival of the Religious Sciences

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199989621
eISBN:
9780199395590
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199989621.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Islam

It is one thing to forge a new vision of a religious tradition. It is another to win authority for it. Al-Ghazali understood this and crafted his Revival of the Religious Sciences not only to expound ... More


Look but Don’t Touch: Therapizing Religion Approaches

Ira Helderman

in Prescribing the Dharma: Psychotherapists, Buddhist Traditions, and Defining Religion

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9781469648521
eISBN:
9781469648545
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469648521.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Religion

This chapter introduces psychotherapists’ therapizing religion approaches to Buddhist traditions. In these approaches, therapists analyze religious traditions using not only psychological ... More


Conclusion

Ira Helderman

in Prescribing the Dharma: Psychotherapists, Buddhist Traditions, and Defining Religion

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9781469648521
eISBN:
9781469648545
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469648521.003.0009
Subject:
History, History of Religion

By the Conclusion, the diversity that exists among psychotherapists’ approaches to Buddhist traditions is clear. However, Prescribing the Dharma also informs larger questions in religious studies by ... More


Bureaucrats Bewildered: Monitoring Muslims in Postwar Kazakhstan

Jeff Eden

in God Save the USSR: Soviet Muslims and the Second World War

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
March 2021
ISBN:
9780190076276
eISBN:
9780190076306
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190076276.003.0006
Subject:
History, History of Religion, World Modern History

Using Kazakhstan as a case study, this chapter shows how the atheist officials charged with policing religion in the Soviet Union quickly lost track of the religious policies they were tasked with ... More


. A Life Shaped by Wonder: William James

Robert C. Fuller

in Wonder: From Emotion to Spirituality

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807829950
eISBN:
9781469605593
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807889909_fuller.9
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies

This chapter explores how the experience of wonder gives rise to self-examination and to a mindful awareness of the world. To illustrate this transformative experience, it looks at one individual ... More


Religious Societies for Distributing Books

Isabel Rivers

in Vanity Fair and the Celestial City: Dissenting, Methodist, and Evangelical Literary Culture in England 1720-1800

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
August 2018
ISBN:
9780198269960
eISBN:
9780191851209
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198269960.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Literature, History of Christianity

This chapter traces the beginning and development of tract publication and distribution from the later seventeenth through to the early nineteenth centuries, with accounts in chronological order of ... More


Introduction

Kenneth Garden

in The First Islamic Reviver: Abu Hamid al-Ghazali and his Revival of the Religious Sciences

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199989621
eISBN:
9780199395590
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199989621.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Islam

Earlier generations of scholarship had presented al-Ghazali as an inwardly directed mystic primarily concerned with his own salvation and the definitive refuter of Islam’s philosophical tradition. ... More


Promoting the Revival

Kenneth Garden

in The First Islamic Reviver: Abu Hamid al-Ghazali and his Revival of the Religious Sciences

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199989621
eISBN:
9780199395590
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199989621.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Islam

Al-Ghazali’s letters reveal that the decade he spent in his native Khurasan between teaching in Baghdad and Nishapur were not years of solitary retreat. Rather, he spent this time actively promoting ... More


Defending the Revival

Kenneth Garden

in The First Islamic Reviver: Abu Hamid al-Ghazali and his Revival of the Religious Sciences

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199989621
eISBN:
9780199395590
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199989621.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Islam

In 1106, al-Ghazali was summoned to return to teaching by the Seljuk King of the East, Sanjar, whose minister, Fakhr al-Mulk, was a disciple of al-Ghazali’s, as we learned in the previous chapter. ... More


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