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 NEGOTIATING EMPIRICISM

Lorraine Code

in Ecological Thinking: The Politics of Epistemic Location

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195159431
eISBN:
9780199786411
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195159438.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy

In this chapter, an analysis of “statements of fact” in two domains of natural knowledge-making — medicine and law — shows how they enact sedimented assumptions about women, blacks, and other ... More


Testimony: A Philosophical Study

C. A. J. Coady

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198235514
eISBN:
9780191597220
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198235518.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This book is about a topic in epistemology that had been much neglected until its publication, but has subsequently become much more discussed. That topic is testimony, or, less technically, the ... More


Prejudice in the Credibility Economy

Miranda Fricker

in Epistemic Injustice: Power and the Ethics of Knowing

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198237907
eISBN:
9780191706844
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198237907.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter defends an account of stereotypes, according to which stereotypes are (reliable or unreliable) widely-held associations of an attribute(s) and a social group. A conception of prejudice ... More


Towards a Virtue Epistemological Account of Testimony

Miranda Fricker

in Epistemic Injustice: Power and the Ethics of Knowing

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198237907
eISBN:
9780191706844
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198237907.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter presents a diagnostic account of the state of play in the epistemology of testimony, and proposes a virtue epistemological non-inferentialist alternative. This account depends on ... More


Original Significances: The Wrong Revisited

Miranda Fricker

in Epistemic Injustice: Power and the Ethics of Knowing

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198237907
eISBN:
9780191706844
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198237907.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Two kinds of silence caused by testimonial injustice are identified: that of pre-emptive testimonial injustice, where the prejudice against the speaker's social type operates in advance to prevent ... More


Objections to Extended Reliability

Sanford C. Goldberg

in Relying on Others: An Essay in Epistemology

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199593248
eISBN:
9780191594625
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199593248.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, General

This chapter defends the ‘extendedness hypothesis,’ according to which the process by which testimonial beliefs are formed is interpersonal in extent, against a variety of objections. In the course ... More


Making Home at the Śrī Rājarājeśwarī Pīṭham

Corinne G. Dempsey

in The Goddess Lives in Upstate New York: Breaking Convention and Making Home at a North American Hindu Temple

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195187298
eISBN:
9780199784547
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195187296.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

This chapter brings “home” the image of the temple most commonly invoked by inner core members, all of whom have been unmoored, at some level, from their cultural or religious heritage. Although ... More


Testimony, Credulity, and Veracity

Robert Audi

in The Epistemology of Testimony

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199276011
eISBN:
9780191706110
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199276011.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, General

This chapter concerns the nature of testimony, its relation to belief, justification, and knowledge, and its status as a source of all three. It argues that testimony-based beliefs are ... More


Reid on the Credit of Human Testimony

James Van Cleve

in The Epistemology of Testimony

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199276011
eISBN:
9780191706110
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199276011.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, General

This chapter explores the analogy proposed by Thomas Reid between testimony and sense perception. It begins by trying to arrive at a correct understanding of the two principles he identifies as ... More


Reductionism and the Distinctiveness of Testimonial Knowledge

Sanford C. Goldberg

in The Epistemology of Testimony

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199276011
eISBN:
9780191706110
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199276011.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, General

This chapter aims to correct two common and related misconceptions in discussions of the epistemology of testimony. The first misconception is that testimonial knowledge is an epistemically distinct ... More


It Takes Two to Tango: Beyond Reductionism and Non‐Reductionism in the Epistemology of Testimony

Jennifer Lackey

in The Epistemology of Testimony

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199276011
eISBN:
9780191706110
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199276011.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, General

How precisely do we successfully acquire justified belief from either the spoken or written word of others? This question is at the center of the epistemology of testimony, and the current ... More


Testimony and Individualist Epistemology

Sanford C. Goldberg

in Relying on Others: An Essay in Epistemology

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199593248
eISBN:
9780191594625
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199593248.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, General

This chapter argues that testimonial knowledge is a counterexample to the thesis of Knowledge Individualism, according to which none of the epistemic factors on which knowledge supervenes are social ... More


Epistemic Reliance and the Extendedness Hypothesis

Sanford C. Goldberg

in Relying on Others: An Essay in Epistemology

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199593248
eISBN:
9780191594625
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199593248.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, General

This chapter argues that Process Reliabilists should regard the process by which testimonial beliefs are formed as interpersonal in extent. This ‘extendedness hypothesis,’ it is argued, is a special ... More


The Assurance View of Testimony

Frederick F. Schmitt

in Social Epistemology

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199577477
eISBN:
9780191595189
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199577477.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Language

According to the assurance view of testimony, we are often testimonially justified in believing a proposition p in virtue of the testifier's assurance that p or the recipient's acceptance of that ... More


Miracles

George I. Mavrodes

in The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Religion

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780195138092
eISBN:
9780199835348
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195138090.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter discusses the miraculous largely in the context of Western philosophy of religion and therefore largely in the context of a concern with Christianity. The main elements of the discussion ... More


The Difficulty about Corroboration and Convergence

L. Jonathan Cohen

in The Probable and The Provable

Published in print:
1977
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198244127
eISBN:
9780191680748
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198244127.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This chapter examines the difficulty about corroboration and convergence. It begins by addressing the common structure of testimonial corroboration and circumstantial convergence. The chapter also ... More


Loyalty as Privacy

George P. Fletcher

in Loyalty: An Essay on the Morality of Relationships

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195098327
eISBN:
9780199852901
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195098327.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Loyalty, like privacy, should be protected from state interference. The laws of testimonial privileges, surrogate motherhood and testate insulate family loyalties from the power of the state. ... More


Knowledge: Instrumental and Testimonial

Ernest Sosa

in Knowing Full Well

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691143972
eISBN:
9781400836918
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691143972.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter goes into how we know through our instruments and interlocutors. It offers a way of understanding such knowledge in line with performance-based virtue epistemology. Testimonial knowledge ... More


Testimony, Observation, and the Reductive Approach

C. A. J. Coady

in Testimony: A Philosophical Study

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198235514
eISBN:
9780191597220
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198235518.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Examines Hume's influential treatment of testimony in his essay ‘On Miracles’. Hume admits the importance of testimonial knowledge but argues that we are justified in relying on testimony as an ... More


Stories of Civil War in El Salvador: A Battle over Memory

Erik Ching

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9781469628660
eISBN:
9781469628684
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469628660.001.0001
Subject:
History, Latin American History

El Salvador's civil war began in 1980 and ended twelve bloody years later. It saw extreme violence on both sides, including the terrorizing and targeting of civilians by death squads, recruitment of ... More


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