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Concerns About Generalizing Stereotype Threat Research Findings to Operational High-stakes Testing

Paul R. Sackett and Ann Marie Ryan

in Stereotype Threat: Theory, Process, and Application

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199732449
eISBN:
9780199918508
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199732449.003.0016
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

The vast majority of stereotype threat research has been done in laboratory settings, and the focus of the chapter is on generalizing findings to the use of cognitive ability tests in high-stakes ... More


Stereotype Threat in the Real World

Joshua Aronson and Thomas Dee

in Stereotype Threat: Theory, Process, and Application

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199732449
eISBN:
9780199918508
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199732449.003.0017
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Hundreds of laboratory experiments have shown that stereotype threat can undermine intellectual performance in the laboratory. But do the same processes demonstrated in the laboratory operate in the ... More


Detecting Disease Clustering in Time or Space

Lance A. Waller

in Monitoring the Health of Populations: Statistical Principles and Methods for Public Health Surveillance

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195146493
eISBN:
9780199864928
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195146493.003.0007
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter focuses on the detection of clusters of incidence or prevalence of some health event in time or space. Each statistical test of clustering is based on some mathematical model that ... More


Construct-Related Evidence for Validity

Catherine S. Taylor

in Validity and Validation

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199791040
eISBN:
9780190256074
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199791040.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter deals with construct-related evidence for the validity of test scores. Evaluating construct-related evidence for validity involves evaluating the logical arguments and empirical evidence ... More


Ethnic Penalties and Premia at the End of Lower Secondary Education

Anthony Heath and Catherine Rothon

in Unequal Attainments: Ethnic educational inequalities in ten Western countries

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780197265741
eISBN:
9780191771934
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265741.003.0003
Subject:
Education, Educational Policy and Politics

This chapter investigates the grades and test scores of second-generation minorities at the end of compulsory schooling (around age fifteen). We document the differences in overall achievement both ... More


Educational Attainment—Quantity and Quality of Schooling

Robert J. Barro and Jong-Wha Lee

in Education Matters: Global Schooling Gains from the 19th to the 21st Century

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780199379231
eISBN:
9780199379262
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199379231.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter considers the quality of education. The discussion begins with descriptions of indicators of school outcomes, including internationally comparable test scores for students at primary and ... More


Test Scores, Parental Income, and Poverty

Charles C. Ragin and Peer C. Fiss

in Intersectional Inequality: Race, Class, Test Scores, and Poverty

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780226414379
eISBN:
9780226414546
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226414546.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Methodology and Statistics

The Bell Curve focuses on the competition between two independent variables, family background and test scores. Chapter 5 addresses the Bell Curve directly, assessing the set-theoretic connections ... More


Interpretation, Use, and Consequences of Scores from Assessments

Catherine S. Taylor

in Validity and Validation

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199791040
eISBN:
9780190256074
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199791040.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter focuses on the types of research needed to support (or refute) interpretations and uses of test scores. It begins by discussing studies to investigate whether there is support for score ... More


Can Cash Transfers Help Households Escape an Intergenerational Poverty Trap?

M. Caridad Araujo, Mariano Bosch, and Norbert Schady

in The Economics of Poverty Traps

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780226574301
eISBN:
9780226574448
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226574448.003.0015
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Many poor households in developing countries are liquidity-constrained. As a result, they may under-invest in the human capital of their children. We provide new evidence on the long-term (10-year) ... More


Understanding Measurement: Reliability

Patrick Meyer

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195380361
eISBN:
9780199847914
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195380361.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This is a book in the Understanding Statistics series, which is designed to provide guides to understanding, presenting, and critiquing analyses and associated inferences. Each book in the series ... More


Stereotype Threat: Theory, Process, and Application

Michael Inzlicht and Toni Schmader

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199732449
eISBN:
9780199918508
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199732449.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Stereotype threat is defined as a situational predicament in which individuals are at risk of confirming negative stereotypes about their group. It is the resulting sense that one might ... More


School Vouchers: Results from Randomized Experiments

Paul E. Peterson, William G. Howell, Patrick J. Wolf, and David E. Campbell

in The Economics of School Choice

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226355337
eISBN:
9780226355344
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226355344.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Behavioural Economics

This chapter compares the standardized test achievement of students who are randomly given and not given school vouchers in New York City, Washington D.C. and Dayton, Ohio, and discusses the key ... More


5 Testing linearity against parametric alternatives

Timo Teräsvirta, Dag Tjøstheim, and W. J. Granger

in Modelling Nonlinear Economic Time Series

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199587148
eISBN:
9780191595387
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199587148.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

The topic of this chapter is testing linearity of a model when the alternative is a parametric nonlinear model nesting a linear model. The case leading to standard asymptotic inference is discussed ... More


Policy Context: Test Scores and Life Chances

Charles C. Ragin and Peer C. Fiss

in Intersectional Inequality: Race, Class, Test Scores, and Poverty

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780226414379
eISBN:
9780226414546
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226414546.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Methodology and Statistics

Chapter 2 reviews the Bell Curve debate, focusing on the controversy regarding the impact of test scores on life chances. We focus especially on the competing statistical models and insights offered ... More


Is Gaining Access to Selective Elementary Schools Gaining Ground?: Evidence from Randomized Lotteries

Julie Berry Cullen and Brian A. Jacob

in The Problems of Disadvantaged Youth: An Economic Perspective

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226309453
eISBN:
9780226309477
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226309477.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

The importance of school quality is an open question. This chapter provides new evidence on whether expanded access to sought-after schools can improve achievement. The strong cross-sectional ... More


Social Belonging and the Motivation and Intellectual Achievement of Negatively Stereotyped Students

Gregory M. Walton and Priyanka B. Carr

in Stereotype Threat: Theory, Process, and Application

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199732449
eISBN:
9780199918508
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199732449.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

An important consequence of negative stereotypes that impugn non-Asian ethnic minorities’ intellectual ability and women’s mathematical ability is to convey to the targets of these stereotypes that ... More


The Basic Subject: New Math and Its Discontents

Christopher J. Phillips

in The New Math: A Political History

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780226184968
eISBN:
9780226185019
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226185019.003.0006
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The final chapter examines critics of the new math. Challenging the traditional presumption that the new math failed primarily because of falling test scores, this chapter argues that the criticism ... More


An Identity Threat Perspective on Intervention

Geoffrey L. Cohen, Valerie Purdie-Vaughns, and Julio Garcia

in Stereotype Threat: Theory, Process, and Application

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199732449
eISBN:
9780199918508
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199732449.003.0018
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Kurt Lewin, the renowned experimental social psychologist, said that understanding the processes underlying a problem can help us to remedy it. He also said that one of the best ways to understand a ... More


School Information, Parental Decisions, and the Digital Divide: The SmartChoices Project in Hartford, Connecticut

Jack Dougherty, Diane Zannoni, Maham Chowhan, Courteney Coyne, Benjamin Dawson, Tehani Guruge, and Begaeta Nukic

in Educational Delusions?: Why Choice Can Deepen Inequality and How to Make Schools Fair

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780520274730
eISBN:
9780520955103
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520274730.003.0010
Subject:
Sociology, Education

This chapter examines how urban parents navigate the growth of public school choice policies and information on the internet. We created SmartChoices, a public school search tool for the Hartford, ... More


Introduction

Michael Inzlicht and Toni Schmader

in Stereotype Threat: Theory, Process, and Application

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199732449
eISBN:
9780199918508
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199732449.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Stereotype threat is one of the most widely studied social psychological concepts of the past 20 years. In this introductory chapter, we provide a broad overview of the theory and introduce the goals ... More


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