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 John F. Kennedy: The First Catholic President

Gary Scott Smith

in Faith and the Presidency: From George Washington to George W. Bush

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195300604
eISBN:
9780199785285
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300604.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Like Eisenhower, John F. Kennedy attended church regularly while president and used religious rhetoric extensively in his speeches, especially in discussing his campaign for world peace. Eisenhower, ... More


The American Test Ban Debate

Or Rabinowitz

in Bargaining on Nuclear Tests: Washington and its Cold War Deals

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780198702931
eISBN:
9780191772412
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198702931.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

The aim of this chapter is to provide contextual background on the issue of American attitudes to nuclear tests. This is done by charting the domestic American debate on the merits of joining a ... More


Introduction

Joshua S. Bloom

in What Are Gamma-Ray Bursts?

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691145570
eISBN:
9781400837007
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691145570.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This introductory chapter presents the background story on the discovery and research on gamma-ray bursts (GRB). In 1963, Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev and U.S. President John F. Kennedy agreed to ... More


Too Big to Spank: JFK, Nuclear Hegemony, & the Limited Test Ban Treaty, 1962–1963

Shane J. Maddock

in Nuclear Apartheid: The Quest for American Atomic Supremacy from World War II to the Present

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807833551
eISBN:
9781469604220
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807895849_maddock.11
Subject:
History, World Modern History

This chapter explains how John F. Kennedy (JFK) placed a greater emphasis on controlling proliferation. It also details why JFK settled for a limited test ban treaty when both a comprehensive testing ... More


The President in the Gray Flannel Suit: Conformity, Technological Utopianism, Nonproliferation, 1953–1956

Shane J. Maddock

in Nuclear Apartheid: The Quest for American Atomic Supremacy from World War II to the Present

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807833551
eISBN:
9781469604220
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807895849_maddock.8
Subject:
History, World Modern History

This chapter traces Eisenhower's nonproliferation policy and the evolution of nuclear apartheid. It observes that the president had grown frustrated with his advisers' resistance to a nuclear test ... More


Bargaining for test ban treaties

Ian Bellany

in Curbing the Spread of Nuclear Weapons

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719067969
eISBN:
9781781701324
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719067969.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The earliest specific international arrangement, at least indirectly, to restrict the spread of nuclear weapons is the Partial Test Ban Treaty of 1963. The negotiation of the treaty—originally ... More


From Moratorium to Test Ban

Scott Kaufman

in Project Plowshare: The Peaceful Use of Nuclear Explosives in Cold War America

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801451256
eISBN:
9780801465833
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801451256.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter demonstrates how President John F. Kennedy largely continued Eisenhower's Plowshare policy. Eager to see the test ban negotiations at Geneva achieve fruition, Kennedy did not want to ... More


Nuclear, radiological, and related weapons

Patrice M. Sutton and Robert M. Gould

in Terrorism and Public Health: A balanced approach to strengthening systems and protecting people

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195325256
eISBN:
9780199864409
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195325256.003.0012
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter describes nuclear, radiological, and related weapons; their use, their proliferation, and adverse consequences of production and use. It describes international measures to control ... More


Nuclear Testing, Nonproliferation, and Plowshare

Scott Kaufman

in Project Plowshare: The Peaceful Use of Nuclear Explosives in Cold War America

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801451256
eISBN:
9780801465833
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801451256.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter illustrates the danger posed by the spread of nuclear technology. Adoption of Resolution 1665 demonstrated international recognition of this danger. In a United Nations General Assembly ... More


“A Ground Swell of Public Indignation”

Thomas Jundt

in Greening the Red, White, and Blue: The Bomb, Big Business, and Consumer Resistance in Postwar America

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199791200
eISBN:
9780199378562
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199791200.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century, Cultural History

By the late 1950s there were growing concerns about the damaging effects of consumption. Environmentalists were in the avant-garde of limiting consumption, and they had an expanding green marketplace ... More


United States policy on non-proliferation and the Nuclear Non-proliferation Treaty

Ian Bellany

in Curbing the Spread of Nuclear Weapons

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719067969
eISBN:
9781781701324
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719067969.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The history of the attitude of the United States towards the spread of nuclear weapons has been one of continuous opposition, tempered now and then by the judgement of the government of the day as to ... More


The Ironies of Disarmament

in Apocalypse Management: Eisenhower and the Discourse of National Insecurity

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804758079
eISBN:
9780804768467
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804758079.003.0014
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter elaborates the ironies of apocalypse management as they were apparent in the approach of President Dwight Eisenhower to disarmament. The fear of an apocalyptic surprise attack was one of ... More


Plowshare Goes Down Under

Scott Kaufman

in Project Plowshare: The Peaceful Use of Nuclear Explosives in Cold War America

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801451256
eISBN:
9780801465833
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801451256.003.0008
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter details how Project Plowshare, and the hope of atomic construction of an isthmian canal, faltered. In the years following Plowshare's inception, officials from France, the United ... More


China and Global Nuclear Order: From Estrangement to Active Engagement

Nicola Horsburgh

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780198706113
eISBN:
9780191775277
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198706113.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This book explores China’s engagement with global nuclear order since 1949. Engagement refers to the process of creating, consolidating, and maintaining nuclear order by assessing the methods China ... More


Rational Superiority, Crises, and Arms Control, 1961–1963

James Cameron

in The Double Game: The Demise of America's First Missile Defense System and the Rise of Strategic Arms Limitation

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2017
ISBN:
9780190459925
eISBN:
9780190459956
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190459925.003.0002
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Chapter 1 describes how John F. Kennedy rose to power by articulating his own new nuclear strategy, which would use the latest advances in social and organizational sciences, combined with US ... More


Peace with the Planet: The International Struggle against Nuclear Weapons

Petra Goedde

in The Politics of Peace: A Global Cold War History

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
February 2019
ISBN:
9780195370836
eISBN:
9780190936136
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195370836.003.0004
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Political History

This chapter traces the coalescence between pacifist and environmental concerns around the issue of nuclear weapons testing in the 1950s and early 1960s in the West. Scientists, health professionals, ... More


The Debate over Nuclear Power and Radiation

J. Samuel Walker

in Permissible Dose: A History of Radiation Protection in the Twentieth Century

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520223288
eISBN:
9780520924840
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520223288.003.0002
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

The fallout controversy with respect to nuclear power and radiation of the 1950s and early 1960s largely disappeared as a prominent public policy issue after the Limited Test Ban Treaty of 1963. But ... More


Coercive Engagement: Lessons from US Policy towards China

Chi-hung Wei

in The Social Construction of State Power: Applying Realist Constructivism

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9781529209839
eISBN:
9781529209860
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781529209839.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

In 1996 the U.S. convinced China to sign the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty (CTBT), even though this treaty materially disadvantaged China’s nuclear weapons program. Why did U.S. engagement ... More


China Becomes a Fully-Fledged Member of Nuclear Order, 1990–9

Nicola Horsburgh

in China and Global Nuclear Order: From Estrangement to Active Engagement

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780198706113
eISBN:
9780191775277
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198706113.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Chapter 4 centres on the 1990s, a period of significant consolidation for global nuclear order following the indefinite extension of the Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) in 1995 and the signing of the ... More


Just Because You’re Paranoid Doesn’t Mean They Aren’t After You: Putting the Reuther Memorandum to Work

Paul Matzko

in The Radio Right: How a Band of Broadcasters Took on the Federal Government and Built the Modern Conservative Movement

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780190073220
eISBN:
9780190073251
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190073220.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Under orders from President John F. Kennedy and Attorney General Robert F. Kennedy, the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) and the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) tightened the regulatory screws ... More


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