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Periglacial and terrestrial habitats in polar regions

David N. Thomas, G.E. (Tony) Fogg, Peter Convey, Christian H. Fritsen, Josep-Maria Gili, Rolf Gradinger, Johanna Laybourn-Parry, Keith Reid, and David W.H. Walton

in The Biology of Polar Regions

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199298112
eISBN:
9780191711640
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199298112.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter discusses the terrestrial ecosystems of the Arctic and Antarctic. It begins discussing some of their physical and chemical characteristics and then subsequent subsections detail the ... More


Organism interactions and soil processes

Richard D. Bardgett

in The Biology of Soil: A community and ecosystem approach

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198525035
eISBN:
9780191728181
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525035.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter illustrates how the activities of soil biota, especially their trophic interactions, influence the processes of decomposition and nutrient cycling, and examines the significance of this ... More


Isla del Coco: Terrestrial Ecosystems

Michel Montoya

in Costa Rican Ecosystems

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780226121505
eISBN:
9780226121642
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226121642.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

As an oceanic rather than continental island, Isla del Coco’s biota developed as a result of those organisms that arrived at the island through active or passive transport. This chapter presents the ... More


Introduction

Richard D. Bardgett and T. Hefin Jones

in Soil Ecology and Ecosystem Services

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199575923
eISBN:
9780191774843
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199575923.003.0020
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter provides an overview of the four chapters in Section 4. Chapter 4.1 considers how climate change can impact on soils and ecosystem services. Chapter 4.2 illustrates how terrestrial ... More


Terrestrial Ecosystems at Toolik Lake, Alaska

Gaius R. Shaver, James A. Laundre, M. Syndonia Bret-Harte, F. Stuart Chapin, Joel A. Mercado-Díaz, Anne E. Giblin, Laura Gough, William A. Gould, Sarah E. Hobbie, George W. Kling, Michelle C. Mack, John C. Moore, Knute J. Nadelhoffer, Edward B. Rastetter, and Joshua P. Schimel

in Alaska's Changing Arctic: Ecological Consequences for Tundra, Streams, and Lakes

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199860401
eISBN:
9780190267889
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199860401.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter focuses on the overall structure and major functions of contrasting tundras near Toolik Lake. It describes and compares key physical, chemical, and biological controls over the ... More


Above-ground trophic interactions and soil biological communities

Richard D. Bardgett

in The Biology of Soil: A community and ecosystem approach

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198525035
eISBN:
9780191728181
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525035.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter examines some of the many ways that above-ground herbivores may influence below-ground organisms and processes, and how these changes in soil biological properties may in turn feedback ... More


Geographic and Ecological Setting of the Luquillo Mountains

William H. McDowell, Frederick N. Scatena, Robert B. Waide, Nicholas Brokaw, Gerardo R. Camilo, Alan P. Covich, Todd A. Crowl, Grizelle González, Effie A. Greathouse, Paul Klawinski, D. Jean Lodge, Ariel E. Lugo, Catherine M. Pringle, Barbara A. Richardson, Michael J. Richardson, Douglas A. Schaefer, Whendee L. Silver, Jill Thompson, Daniel J. Vogt, Kristiina A. Vogt, Michael R. Willig, Lawrence L. Woolbright, Xiaoming Zou, and Jess K. Zimmerman

in A Caribbean Forest Tapestry: The Multidimensional Nature of Disturbance and Response

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780195334692
eISBN:
9780190267742
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780195334692.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

This chapter describes the geologic, geographic, and ecological context of the location of Luquillo Mountains, particularly the factors affecting the response mechanisms of terrestrial and aquatic ... More


Linkages between plant and soil biological communities

Richard D. Bardgett

in The Biology of Soil: A community and ecosystem approach

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198525035
eISBN:
9780191728181
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525035.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter examines the various ways that plants and soil biota influence each other, and highlights some of the recent findings on the links that exist between plants and soil biological ... More


The diversity of life in soil

Richard D. Bardgett

in The Biology of Soil: A community and ecosystem approach

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198525035
eISBN:
9780191728181
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525035.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

An increasing number of ecologists are starting to turn their attention to soil communities, largely because of an awareness that not only do soil organisms regulate major ecosystem processes, such ... More


Caenogastropoda

Winston F. Ponder, Donald J. Colgan, John M. Healy, Nützel Alexander, Luiz R.L. Simone, and Ellen E. Mielke

in Phylogeny and Evolution of the Mollusca

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520250925
eISBN:
9780520933705
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520250925.003.0013
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter examines the evolution of the gastropod clade of Caenogastropoda. It explains that caenogastropods comprise about 60% of living gastropod species and the first records of undisputed ... More


The Ecology and Evolution of Ant-Plant Interactions

Victor Rico-Gray and Paulo S. Oliveira

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226713472
eISBN:
9780226713540
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226713540.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Ants are probably the most dominant insect group on Earth, representing 10–15 percent of animal biomass in terrestrial ecosystems. Flowering plants, meanwhile, owe their evolutionary success to an ... More


Late-Quaternary Environmental and Ecological History of the Arctic Foothills, Northern Alaska

W. Wyatt Oswald, Linda B. Brubaker, Feng Sheng Hu, and George W. Kling

in Alaska's Changing Arctic: Ecological Consequences for Tundra, Streams, and Lakes

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199860401
eISBN:
9780190267889
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199860401.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter summarizes the environmental and ecological history of the Arctic Foothills in Northern Alaska. It characterizes the responses of terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems to climatic changes ... More


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