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Termites in the Trading System: How Preferential Agreements Undermine Free Trade

Jagdish Bhagwati

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195331653
eISBN:
9780199851850
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331653.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

This book shines a critical light on preferential trade agreements (PTAs), revealing how the rapid spread of PTAs endangers the world trading system. Numbering by now well over 300, and rapidly ... More


Triumph of the Fungi

Nicholas P. Money

in Mushroom

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199732562
eISBN:
9780199918515
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199732562.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Natural History and Field Guides, Plant Sciences and Forestry

There are more than 16,000 species of mushrooms. These include species with familiar umbrella-shaped fruit bodies, brackets with gills, spines, and tubes, and others that bear spores on flattened ... More


The tool-insertion problem: the question of shape

Daniel J. Povinelli, Laura A. Teall, James E. Reaux, and Steve Giambrone

in Folk Physics for Apes: The Chimpanzee's theory of how the world works

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198572190
eISBN:
9780191584978
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198572190.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology

This chapter focuses on just one of the causal relations involved in the interaction between the fishing tool and the substrate in and around which it must operate: namely, the size/configuration of ... More


Going Underground

Dale Walters

in Chocolate Crisis: Climate Change and Other Threats to the Future of Cacao

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
September 2021
ISBN:
9781683401674
eISBN:
9781683402343
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9781683401674.003.0012
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

Termites are important soil engineers, responsible for decomposing organic matter, recycling nutrients, and creating habitats for other organisms. But some species cause damage, including several ... More


Prodigal Returns

Deirdre Coleman

in Henry Smeathman, the Flycatcher: Natural History, Slavery, and Empire in the Late Eighteenth Century

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781786940537
eISBN:
9781789629132
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781786940537.003.0009
Subject:
History, Imperialism and Colonialism

After nearly nine years’ absence Smeathman returns to London in late 1779. Since he sent his subscribers mainly insects from West Africa, they are unhappy with him, and he argues with Banks, now ... More


Extractive Foraging in an Extreme Environment: Tool and Proto-tool Use by Chimpanzees at Fongoli, Senegal

Jill D. Pruetz, Stephanie L. Bogart, and Stacy Lindshield

in Chimpanzees in Context: A Comparative Perspective on Chimpanzee Behavior, Cognition, Conservation, and Welfare

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780226727844
eISBN:
9780226728032
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226728032.003.0017
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

Fongoli chimpanzees appear to rely on tool use to successfully combat the pressures they face in the savanna-woodland mosaic of southeastern Senegal. This chapter provides information on these apes’ ... More


Synthesis and conclusions

Andrew F. G. Bourke

in Principles of Social Evolution

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199231157
eISBN:
9780191774553
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231157.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

A major conclusion of this book is that each stage in a major transition involves common principles of social evolution acting in analogous ways at the different hierarchical levels. Evidence ... More


Gaia, Extended Organisms, and Emergent Homeostasis

J. Scott Turner

in Scientists Debate Gaia: The Next Century

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262194983
eISBN:
9780262283182
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262194983.003.0007
Subject:
Environmental Science, Climate

This chapter discusses Gaia’s most remarkable prediction and its most formidable challenge. The prediction is of a biosphere-level physiology and all the organismal traits that implies, including ... More


Biogeography and Phylogenetic Community Structure of Soil Invertebrate Ecosystem Engineers: Global to Local Patterns, Implications for Ecosystem Functioning and Services and Global Environmental Change Impacts

Lijbert Brussaard, Duur K. Aanen, Maria J.I. Briones, Thibaud Decaëns, Gerlinde B. De Deyn, Tom M. Fayle, Samuel W. James, and Tânia Nobre

in Soil Ecology and Ecosystem Services

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199575923
eISBN:
9780191774843
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199575923.003.0018
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter assesses the global-to-local scale geographical patterns of the diversity of soil invertebrate ecosystem engineers, beginning with an account of macroecological patterns in soil ... More


Insects: Essential and Delicious

Arnold van Huis, Henk van Gurp, and Marcel Dicke

in The Insect Cookbook: Food for a Sustainable Planet

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231166843
eISBN:
9780231536219
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231166843.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change

This chapter considers the consumption of insects. Insects are the most successful and abundant group of animals on the planet. Humans make use of them in many ways—particularly in agriculture, ... More


Imagining the Tropical Colony: Henry Smeathman and the Termites of Sierra Leone

Starr Douglas and Felix Driver (eds)

in Tropical Visions in an Age of Empire

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226164717
eISBN:
9780226164700
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226164700.003.0006
Subject:
History, Imperialism and Colonialism

This chapter discusses Smeathman's writings on termite colonies. It examines the visual mapping of tropical nature through the work of naturalist Henry Smeathman. In the course of his travels in ... More


A Critic’s Notebook

William Logan

in Guilty Knowledge, Guilty Pleasure: The Dirty Art of Poetry

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231166867
eISBN:
9780231537230
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231166867.003.0023
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This chapter presents the author's random thoughts on various topics and experiences. These include an anecdote about his mother who loathed her middle name, Belle, and asked that it not be engraved ... More


Why the Normative and Positive Roles of Governments Differ

Vito Tanzi

in The Economics of Government: Complexity and the Practice of Public Finance

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198866428
eISBN:
9780191898563
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198866428.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics, Public and Welfare

Policies can aim at results that are good for the whole population or policies can be directed at special groups. General policies may help overall but hurt some subsectors, for example free trade ... More


Soil and Biodiversity

Richard Bardgett

in Earth Matters: How soil underlies civilization

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199668564
eISBN:
9780191918339
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199668564.003.0007
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Soil Science

One of the most striking things about soil is that it harbours a remarkable diversity of life. A handful of soil from any well-kept garden, forest, or agricultural field, can contain literally ... More


11 The Impact of Animals on Species Diversity in Arid-Land Plant Communities

Andrew Wilby and Bertrand Boeken

in Biodiversity in Drylands: Toward a Unified Framework

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195139853
eISBN:
9780197561720
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195139853.003.0017
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Environmental Geography

There are many mechanisms whereby animal activity can directly or indirectly influence the species diversity of plant communities. Most obviously, herbivory can influence the species composition ... More


Lakes, Oceans, and Taxes: Why the World Needs a World Tax Authority

Vito Tanzi

in Global Tax Fairness

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780198725343
eISBN:
9780191792687
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198725343.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International, Macro- and Monetary Economics

In recent decades various developments have made it more difficult for countries to raise higher taxes or to maintain their current tax levels. These developments have also made it easier for ... More


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