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The Biology of Soil: A community and ecosystem approach

Richard Bardgett

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198525035
eISBN:
9780191728181
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525035.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This book provides a comprehensive, up-to-date synthesis of what is known about soil biodiversity and the factors that regulate its distribution, as well as the functional significance of ... More


Linking ecosystem and parasite ecology

Michel Loreau, Jacques Roy, and David Tilman

in Parasitism and Ecosystems

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198529873
eISBN:
9780191712777
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198529873.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

Community ecology and ecosystem ecology provide different perspectives on ecological systems, and have followed increasingly divergent pathways for decades. Recent theoretical and experimental work ... More


Scaling Issues in Landscape Ecology

Kimberly A. With

in Essentials of Landscape Ecology

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780198838388
eISBN:
9780191874697
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198838388.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Spatial patterns are ubiquitous in nature, and ecological systems exhibit patchiness (heterogeneity) across a range of spatial and temporal scales. Landscape ecology is explicitly concerned with ... More


Temporal Scaling I: Cycles and Changes

Ralph B. Taylor

in Community Criminology: Fundamentals of Spatial and Temporal Scaling, Ecological Indicators, and Selectivity Bias

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814725498
eISBN:
9780814708033
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814725498.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter addresses temporal scaling in community criminology. There are two broad issues: the time it takes for a theoretically described process to cycle, that is, for a cause to shape an ... More


The Sources of Underdetermination

Charles Perreault

in The Quality of the Archaeological Record

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780226630823
eISBN:
9780226631011
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226631011.003.0002
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

A theory that describes the pathways by which processes can be archaeologically equifinal is developed. There are four aspects of the quality of any set of empirical data: scope, sampling interval, ... More


Temporal Scaling II: A Temporally Dynamic Metamodel

Ralph B. Taylor

in Community Criminology: Fundamentals of Spatial and Temporal Scaling, Ecological Indicators, and Selectivity Bias

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814725498
eISBN:
9780814708033
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814725498.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter first discusses correspondences between temporal and spatial scaling. Two main parallels are noted. At the very least, concepts of durational ambiguity and time horizon suggest a ... More


Overview

Ralph B. Taylor

in Community Criminology: Fundamentals of Spatial and Temporal Scaling, Ecological Indicators, and Selectivity Bias

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814725498
eISBN:
9780814708033
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814725498.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter begins by discussing criminological scholars' concerns about the lack of integration across levels of theorizing, i.e. the failure of criminological theory to understand the connections ... More


The Ecology of Fossil Taxa through Time

Mark E. Patzkowsky and Steven M. Holland

in Stratigraphic Paleobiology: Understanding the Distribution of Fossil Taxa in Time and Space

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226649375
eISBN:
9780226649399
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226649399.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Paleontology: Biology

This chapter examines the ecology of individual taxa and methods for determining how their ecology changes through time. The stratigraphic record provides the opportunity to map the spatial ... More


Introduction

J. Baird Callicott

in Thinking Like a Planet: The Land Ethic and the Earth Ethic

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199324880
eISBN:
9780199347285
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199324880.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Moral Philosophy

The idea for this book came to the author at a conference after another presenter graphically traced the biography of the Earth from its birth as a planet through the origins of life and the way life ... More


Consciousness differentiated and integrated

Giulio Tononi

in The Unity of Consciousness: Binding, Integration, and Dissociation

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198508571
eISBN:
9780191687358
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508571.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter advocates the thesis that the most remarkable property of consciousness — the one that might possibly hold the key to a genuine understanding — is the amount of integrated information ... More


Class Differentiation of Demographic Regimes

Suzanne E. Joseph

in Fertile Bonds: Bedouin Class, Kinship, and Gender in the Bekaa Valley

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780813044613
eISBN:
9780813046389
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813044613.003.0007
Subject:
Society and Culture, Middle Eastern Studies

A comprehensive review of microdemographic studies from Europe and Asia is undertaken with the aim of understanding the role of class/caste and occupation in shaping fertility and mortality within ... More


Time In The Land

Thomas M. Allen

in A Republic in Time: Temporality and Social Imagination in Nineteenth-Century America

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807831793
eISBN:
9781469603827
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807868171_allen.8
Subject:
History, Cultural History

This chapter focuses on the revolutions in natural time that took place in the nineteenth century. It examines how the expansion of the temporal scale in the nineteenth century by major developments ... More


Using temporal and spatial patterns as evidence

Peter Petraitis

in Multiple Stable States in Natural Ecosystems

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199569342
eISBN:
9780191810084
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199569342.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

This chapter addresses the problems and issues that arise from trying to infer the existence of multiple stable states from observations of patterns in time and space. Patterns in nature are often ... More


A functional approach to plant community structure

Eric Garnier, Marie-Laure Navas, and Karl Grigulis

in Plant Functional Diversity: Organism traits, community structure, and ecosystem properties

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780198757368
eISBN:
9780191817281
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198757368.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry, Ecology

The assembly rules which determine the composition of communities are based on the hypothesis of combined effects of different environmental filters on the regional pool of individuals: stochastic ... More


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