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What Are We?: A Study in Personal Ontology

Eric T. Olson

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195176421
eISBN:
9780199872008
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195176421.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Discussions of personal identity commonly ignore the question of our basic metaphysical nature: whether we are biological organisms, spatial or temporal parts of organisms, bundles of perceptions, or ... More


Three‐Dimensionalism and Four‐Dimensionalism

Thomas Sattig

in The Language and Reality of Time

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199279524
eISBN:
9780191604041
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199279527.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Part of the problem of temporal supervenience is the problem of spatiotemporal location: how are objects located in spacetime? This chapter provides a detailed statement of various answers to this ... More


Temporal Parts

Eric T. Olson

in What Are We?: A Study in Personal Ontology

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195176421
eISBN:
9780199872008
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195176421.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter examines David Lewis's view that we are temporal parts of animals. It examines three arguments for the view that persisting things have temporal parts–four‐dimensionalism. One is that it ... More


Persistence and Spacetime

Yuri Balashov

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199579921
eISBN:
9780191722899
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199579921.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

Material objects persist through time and survive change. How do they manage to do so? What are the underlying facts of persistence? Do objects persist by being ”wholly present” at all moments of ... More


What Now?

Eric T. Olson

in What Are We?: A Study in Personal Ontology

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195176421
eISBN:
9780199872008
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195176421.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter proposes that animalism, the temporal‐parts view, and nihilism are the best accounts of what we are. It then takes up metaphysical objections to animalism hinted at earlier. It is ... More


Musical Works as Continuants: A Theory Rejected

Julian Dodd

in Works of Music: An Essay in Ontology

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199284375
eISBN:
9780191713743
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199284375.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

This chapter focuses on the view that works of music are not types, but continuants or (as they are sometimes called) historical individuals. Two versions of the continuant view are discussed: ... More


Four-Dimensionalism: An Ontology of Persistence and Time

Theodore Sider

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199244430
eISBN:
9780191598425
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019924443X.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

According to ‘four‐dimensionalism’, temporally extended things are composed of temporal parts. Most four‐dimensionalists identify ordinary continuants—the persisting objects ordinary language ... More


Substance Stressed

John Heil

in The Universe As We Find It

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199596201
eISBN:
9780191741876
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199596201.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, General

Chapter 2 includes an argument aimed at showing that substances as I think property bearers must be simple. This chapter offers a second consideration favoring the simplicity of substances based on a ... More


In Favor of Four‐Dimensionalism Part 1

Theodore Sider

in Four-Dimensionalism: An Ontology of Persistence and Time

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199244430
eISBN:
9780191598425
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019924443X.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Some traditional arguments for four‐dimensionalism are weak: denying four‐dimensionalism does not prohibit the application of modern logic to natural language, does not imply the A‐theory of time and ... More


Three‐ and Four‐Dimensionalism Stated

Theodore Sider

in Four-Dimensionalism: An Ontology of Persistence and Time

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199244430
eISBN:
9780191598425
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019924443X.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Four‐dimensionalism may be given a rigorous and canonical formulation acceptable to both its supporters and opponents; meaningful debate as to the truth of this thesis may then proceed. This is more ... More


The Four-Dimensional World

André Gallois

in Occasions of Identity: A Study in the Metaphysics of Persistence, Change, and Sameness

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199261833
eISBN:
9780191698798
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199261833.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter discusses the four dimensionalism view of identity. This view proposes that persisting objects are extended in time in a way that is similar to the way they are extended in space. It has ... More


Persistence and Substance

E. J. Lowe

in The Possibility of Metaphysics: Substance, Identity, and Time

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199244997
eISBN:
9780191597930
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199244995.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Argues that the very existence of time—and, more particularly, the temporal unity of the world as one world in time—is dependent upon the existence of concrete individual substances persisting ... More


Equality

Dennis McKerlie

in Justice Between the Young and the Old

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199769131
eISBN:
9780199979615
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199769131.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Moral Philosophy

This chapter makes a case for the application of equality to temporal parts of lives, and tries to answer the objections to it. It contends that the simultaneous segments view is the only persuasive ... More


Time and Persistence

E. J. Lowe

in The Possibility of Metaphysics: Substance, Identity, and Time

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199244997
eISBN:
9780191597930
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199244995.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Discusses some deep‐rooted differences between philosophers over the place of tense in an account of the nature of time, and defends the position that only a tensed view of time can ultimately ... More


Priority

Dennis McKerlie

in Justice Between the Young and the Old

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199769131
eISBN:
9780199979615
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199769131.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Moral Philosophy

This chapter explains egalitarian priority and how it can be applied to temporal parts of lives. It argues that a view based on priority escapes the objections against applying equality to temporal ... More


The Four‐Dimensional Picture

Theodore Sider

in Four-Dimensionalism: An Ontology of Persistence and Time

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199244430
eISBN:
9780191598425
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019924443X.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Four‐dimensionalism may be made vivid by pictures: an object with temporal parts persisting through time is like a road with spatial parts extending across space. The attraction of this picture ... More


Alternatives

Eric T. Olson

in The Human Animal: Personal Identity Without Psychology

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195134230
eISBN:
9780199833528
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195134230.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Discusses three claims that have been assumed in previous chapters: that we exist; that there is such a thing as absolute numerical identity; and that we are not composed of temporal parts. One could ... More


Personal Identity and Prudence

Dennis McKerlie

in Justice Between the Young and the Old

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199769131
eISBN:
9780199979615
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199769131.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Moral Philosophy

This chapter considers some further questions about the views defended in Chapters 4 and 5, arguing that applying principles of justice to temporal parts of lives does not depend on any particular ... More


The Prudential Lifespan Account

Dennis McKerlie

in Justice Between the Young and the Old

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199769131
eISBN:
9780199979615
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199769131.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Moral Philosophy

This chapter deals with the view that identifies fairness among temporal parts of different lives with the distribution that would be chosen by prudence over the different temporal parts of one life. ... More


Time, Language, and Ontology: The World from the B-Theoretic Perspective

M. Joshua Mozersky

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780198718161
eISBN:
9780191787508
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198718161.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

The philosophy of time contains a debate that the philosophy of space lacks, namely whether one time, the present, is objectively (i.e. mind-independently) unlike all the others. Whether reality ... More


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