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Invariant visual object recognition learning

Edmund T. Rolls

in Memory, Attention, and Decision-Making: A Unifying Computational Neuroscience Approach

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199232703
eISBN:
9780191724046
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199232703.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter is concerned with invariant representations of faces and objects in the inferior temporal visual cortex. It also covers computational approaches to invariant object recognition, feature ... More


Neural Mechanisms of Visual Memory: A Neurocomputational Perspective

Gustavo Deco and Edmund T. Rolls

in Visual Memory

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195305487
eISBN:
9780199894260
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195305487.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Studies have shown that the prefrontal cortex (PFC) is involved in at least some types of working memory functions. Neurodynamics helps us understand the underlying mechanisms that implement the ... More


 Exploring the Roles of the Frontal, Temporal, and Parietal Lobes in Visual Categorization

David J. Freedman

in Neuroscience of Rule-Guided Behavior

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195314274
eISBN:
9780199786695
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195314274.003.0021
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

How does the brain recognize the meaning of sensory stimuli? Through experience with the world, individuals easily learn to group stimuli into meaningful categories, such as “chair,” “table,” and ... More


Neural Mechanisms of Object Recognition in Nonhuman Primates

Rufin Vogels

in How Animals See the World: Comparative Behavior, Biology, and Evolution of Vision

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195334654
eISBN:
9780199933167
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195334654.003.0015
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter reviews experimental work in macaque monkeys concerning the processing of visual information for object recognition. Going from the primary visual cortex, area V1, to the inferior ... More


Association Pathways of the Prefrontal Cortex and Functional Observations

Michael Petrides and Deepak N. Pandya

in Principles of Frontal Lobe Function

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195134971
eISBN:
9780199864157
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195134971.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter focuses on the association pathways linking post-Rolandic cortical areas with particular prefrontal cortical regions, including comments on their possible functional significance. It ... More


Charles G. Gross

Larry R. Squire

in The History of Neuroscience in Autobiography Volume 6

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195380101
eISBN:
9780199864362
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195380101.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

This chapter presents an autobiography of Charles G. Gross. Gross and his colleagues are known for describing the properties of single neurons in inferior temporal cortex of the macaque and their ... More


Neural processing related to feeding in primates

Edmund T. Rolls

in Appetite: Neural and Behavioural Bases

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198547877
eISBN:
9780191724275
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198547877.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter examines neural processing and brain activity associated with feeding in primates. It describes the activity in the gustatory pathways and the neuronal activity in the lateral ... More


Neuronal correlates of recognition memory

Malcolm W. Brown

in Brain, Perception, Memory: Advances in Cognitive Neuroscience

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198524823
eISBN:
9780191689246
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524823.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter is concerned with neuronal responses that carry information relating to the previous occurrence of visual stimuli. It concentrates on what is known of neuronal responses within this ... More


 Single Neuron Activity Underlying Behavior‐Guiding Rules

Jonathan Wallis

in Neuroscience of Rule-Guided Behavior

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195314274
eISBN:
9780199786695
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195314274.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

A key part of goal‐directed behavior is the use of behavior‐guiding concepts and rules—an ability that is believed to have coevolved with the frontal lobe. The first part of the chapter examines the ... More


The Social Brain

Nikolas Rose and Joelle M. Abi-Rached

in Neuro: The New Brain Sciences and the Management of the Mind

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691149608
eISBN:
9781400846337
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691149608.003.0006
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

This chapter looks at the social brain hypothesis. The term social brain has come to stand for the argument that the human brain, and indeed that of some other animals, is specialized for a ... More


Language Functions in the Brain: From Auditory Input to Sentence Comprehension

Angela D. Friederici and Noam Chomsky

in Language in Our Brain: The Origins of a Uniquely Human Capacity

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780262036924
eISBN:
9780262342964
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036924.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics

Chapter 1 presents the neurocognitive model of language comprehension with its functional processing components and processing steps from auditory input to comprehension. The different functional ... More


Ventral prefrontal cortex: generating goals based on visual and auditory contexts

Richard E. Passingham and Steven P. Wise

in The Neurobiology of the Prefrontal Cortex: Anatomy, Evolution, and the Origin of Insight

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199552917
eISBN:
9780191741807
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199552917.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Neuropsychology

This chapter examines the role of the ventral prefrontal (PF) cortex in generating goals based on auditory and acoustic cues. It explains the connections between the ventral PF cortex with the ... More


Human Lateral Temporal Cortical Single Neuron Activity during Language, Recent Memory, and Learning

Itzhak Fried

in Single Neuron Studies of the Human Brain: Probing Cognition

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780262027205
eISBN:
9780262323994
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027205.003.0014
Subject:
Neuroscience, Research and Theory

Findings from the author's studies utilizing intraoperative single neuron recording in lateral temporal cortex during epilepsy surgery to study changes in activity with language, recent verbal memory ... More


The manual-foraging memory system of early primates

Elisabeth A. Murray, Steven P. Wise, and Kim S. Graham

in The Evolution of Memory Systems

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780199686438
eISBN:
9780191766312
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199686438.003.0006
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Development

As early primates adapted to a fine-branch niche, new premotor and posterior parietal areas stored memories about how to reach toward, grasp, and manipulate objects, including foods and branches ... More


Neural Mechanisms for Biological Motion and Animacy

John A. Pyles and Emily D. Grossman

in People Watching: Social, Perceptual, and Neurophysiological Studies of Body Perception

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780195393705
eISBN:
9780199979271
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393705.003.0017
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter reviews neuroimaging evidence that reveals several unique brain states associated with the recognition of agents engaged in biological motion. A key brain area, the human superior ... More


Objects

David Kemmerer

in Concepts in the Brain: The View From Cross-linguistic Diversity

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780190682620
eISBN:
9780190682651
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190682620.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

It is tempting to suppose that all languages represent objects in comparable ways. Typological research has shown, however, that while there are many cross-linguistic similarities in this semantic ... More


Invariance learning and vision

Edmund T. Rolls

in Cerebral Cortex: Principles of Operation

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780198784852
eISBN:
9780191836299
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198784852.003.0014
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems, Behavioral Neuroscience

Feed-forward hierarchical connectivity with convergence from stage to stage, where each stage is a cortical area, and there are approximately 5 stages in the hierarchy, namely V1, V2, V4, posterior ... More


Anthropoid adaptations: Seeing scenes and signs

Elisabeth A. Murray, Steven P. Wise, Mary K. L. Baldwin, and Kim S. Graham

in The Evolutionary Road to Human Memory

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780198828051
eISBN:
9780191866708
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198828051.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology

In this chapter, a pig wins the Kentucky Derby; people remember bugs and beasts; and monkeys take flight. But mainly we consider memories that evolved in anthropoids. As these ancestors evolved from ... More


Basic Wiring of the Visual System

Peter H. Schiller and Edward J. Tehovnik

in Vision and the Visual System

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780199936533
eISBN:
9780190258054
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199936533.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Vision

This chapter describes the basic layout of the visual system and examines some of the changes that have occurred in the visual system in the course of evolution. The chapter has three subdivisions. ... More


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