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Recapitulation

Holly Alliger Ruff and Mary Klevjord Rothbart

in Attention in Early Development: Themes and Variations

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195136326
eISBN:
9780199894031
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195136326.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter briefly summarizes the two broad systems of attention: the orienting/investigative system observed from early infancy, and the second system emerging by one year, and supporting the ... More


Temperament and personality

Ádám Miklósi

in Dog Behaviour, Evolution, and Cognition

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199295852
eISBN:
9780191711688
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199295852.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter discusses the difference between temperament and personality in dog behaviour. Although both concepts assume context independent aspects of behaviour, the former is believed to relate ... More


Value Theory

Jon McGinnis

in Avicenna

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195331479
eISBN:
9780199868032
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331479.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This chapter returns to Avicenna’s theory of the intellect, but now with a focus on the practical intellect and its role in the formation of our moral temperaments. Since Avicenna believes that the ... More


Medicine and the Life Sciences

Jon McGinnis

in Avicenna

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195331479
eISBN:
9780199868032
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331479.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This chapter first considers where Avicenna envisions medicine within his general classification of the sciences. It next presents the general principles of the humoral medicine that Avicenna adopts, ... More


Sounds and Sweet Airs

Murray Campbell, Clive Greated, and Arnold Myers

in Musical Instruments: History, Technology, and Performance of Instruments of Western Music

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780198165040
eISBN:
9780191713675
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198165040.003.0001
Subject:
Music, History, Western

This introductory chapter discusses how sound waves are generated by musical instruments, travel to the ear of a listener, and there evoke the sensation of music. Using the example of an orchestral ... More


Roots and Ramifications of the Five As of Religiosity

Lisa D. Pearce and Melinda Lundquist Denton

in A Faith of Their Own: Stability and Change in the Religiosity of America's Adolescents

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199753895
eISBN:
9780199894949
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199753895.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Having previously delineated the religious characteristics of the five profiles of religiosity presented throughout this book, this chapter describes other nonreligious characteristics of youth who ... More


Bernard Shaw as Artist-Fabian

Charles A. Carpenter

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813034058
eISBN:
9780813038254
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813034058.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, 20th-century Literature and Modernism

This book offers a new perspective on one of the most puzzling questions faced by Shaw scholars—how to reconcile the artist's individualist leanings with his socialist Fabian ideals. The book does ... More


Genius and the Mind: Studies of Creativity and Temperament

Andrew Steptoe (ed.)

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198523734
eISBN:
9780191688997
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523734.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Taking as examples the lives of creative individuals through history, this book considers the nature of creativity and genius from a psychological standpoint. Eleven chapters, contributed by leading ... More


ATTENTION AND THE DEVELOPMENT OF ANXIETY DISORDERS: THE IMPORTANCE OF DISENTANGLING REACTIVE VERSUS REGULATORY COMPONENTS OF ATTENTION

Patricia L. Jordan and J. Bruce Morton

in Cognitive Neuroscience, Development, and Psychopathology: Typical and Atypical Developmental Trajectories of Attention

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195315455
eISBN:
9780199979066
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195315455.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Individual differences in child temperament longitudinally predict the development of anxiety disorders. The mechanisms that mediate this longitudinal relation, however, remain poorly understood. One ... More


Introduction

Galen Strawson

in Selves: An Essay in Revisionary Metaphysics

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198250067
eISBN:
9780191712593
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198250067.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This introductory chapter begins by describing the eight parts of the book. It then explores the meaning of ‘I’ and the ‘self’. It argues for the transience view of the self — that there are many ... More


Charles Ives's Concord: Essays after a Sonata

Kyle Gann

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780252040856
eISBN:
9780252099366
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252040856.001.0001
Subject:
Music, History, American

In January 1921, New York insurance company executive Charles Ives mailed self-published scores of a piano sonata he had written to 200 strangers. Unprecedentedly complex and modern beyond any music ... More


 Reason and Authority in the Middle Ages: The Latin West and Islam

Edward Grant

in Scientific Values and Civic Virtues

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780195172256
eISBN:
9780199835546
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195172256.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Scientific values embodied in Aristotle’s natural philosophy and the civic virtues embedded in his practical sciences (ethics and politics), were used to improve the quality of government in the 14th ... More


Self-Regard at the Time of Performance

Stewart Gordon

in Mastering the Art of Performance: A Primer for Musicians

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195177435
eISBN:
9780199864690
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195177435.003.09
Subject:
Music, Performing Practice/Studies

This chapter returns to concepts considered in Chapter 1 in that it deals with self-esteem. It offers techniques for strengthening self-esteem on the eve of performance: delaying confrontation, ... More


Introduction: From Melancholic States to Clinical Depression

Jennifer Radden

in The Nature of Melancholy: From Aristotle to Kristeva

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195151657
eISBN:
9780199849253
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195151657.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter is divided into four parts. The first part concerns themes that recur in the readings to follow: (1) the variety of forms melancholia takes and the diverse connotations of the terms ... More


Agitations: Essays on Life and Literature

Arthur Krystal

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300092165
eISBN:
9780300145601
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300092165.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

From small questions of taste to large questions concerning the nature of existence, intellectual debate takes up much of our time. This book examines what most commentators ignore: the role of ... More


The World of Deaf Infants: A Longitudinal Study

Kathryn P. Meadow-Orlans, Patricia E. Spencer, and Lynne Sanford Koester (eds)

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195147902
eISBN:
9780199893775
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195147902.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Clinical Child Psychology / School Psychology

What is the impact of an infant's diminished hearing on the infant and its parents? How does communication develop in cases of diminished hearing? How does diminished hearing affect social and ... More


La Rochefoucauld: Agents and Patients

Michael Moriarty

in Disguised Vices: Theories of Virtue in Early Modern French Thought

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199589371
eISBN:
9780191728808
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199589371.003.0015
Subject:
Literature, 17th-century and Restoration Literature, European Literature

This chapter examines that implication of many of the Maximes that a praiseworthy deed or behaviour-pattern reflects no credit on the nominal agent, because he or she cannot legitimately claim ... More


Individual Differences in Attention

Holly Alliger Ruff and Mary Klevjord Rothbart

in Attention in Early Development: Themes and Variations

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195136326
eISBN:
9780199894031
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195136326.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter discusses evidence for individual differences in dimensions of attention already identified. It reviews methods for determining whether reliable individual differences exist, and ... More


Early Manifestations of Attention Deficits

Holly Alliger Ruff and Mary Klevjord Rothbart

in Attention in Early Development: Themes and Variations

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195136326
eISBN:
9780199894031
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195136326.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter investigates the development of problems in children's control of attention, e.g. Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity (ADHD) and attention deficit without hyperactivity. In ... More


Individuality and Development

Holly Alliger Ruff and Mary Klevjord Rothbart

in Attention in Early Development: Themes and Variations

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195136326
eISBN:
9780199894031
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195136326.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

How do differences in attention originate, and how are they related to development in other areas of the child's life? This chapter addresses these questions within two broad domains: organismic ... More


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