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Civilized Life in the Universe: Scientists on Intelligent Extraterrestrials

George Basalla

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195171815
eISBN:
9780199786862
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195171815.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This book records the long scientific search for extraterrestrial intelligence (SETI). Although philosophical speculation about alien civilizations dates to antiquity, the invention of the telescope ... More


Statistics, Data Mining, and Machine Learning in Astronomy: A Practical Python Guide for the Analysis of Survey Data

Željko Ivezic, Andrew J. Connolly, Jacob T VanderPlas, and Alexander Gray

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151687
eISBN:
9781400848911
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151687.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

As telescopes, detectors, and computers grow ever more powerful, the volume of data at the disposal of astronomers and astrophysicists will enter the petabyte domain, providing accurate measurements ... More


Astrophysical Lasers

Vladilen Letokhov and Sveneric Johansson

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199548279
eISBN:
9780191720512
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199548279.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

Progress in modern radio astronomy led to the discovery of space masers in the microwave range, and it became a powerful tool for studies of interstellar star-forming molecular clouds. Progress in ... More


Napoleon and the Dawn of Operational Warfare

Martin van Creveld

in The Evolution of Operational Art: From Napoleon to the Present

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199599486
eISBN:
9780191595806
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599486.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Political Theory

This chapter demonstrates that the emergence of campaigns, made possible by a certain size of military formations, in essence opened the way for the operational level of war, operational warfare, and ... More


Mixingales

James Davidson

in Stochastic Limit Theory: An Introduction for Econometricians

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198774037
eISBN:
9780191596117
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198774036.003.0016
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

Mixingales are an asymptotic generalization of the martingale concept. This chapter defines them and reviews their properties, discussing the telescoping sum representation, and the important ... More


Life on the Moon

George Basalla

in Civilized Life in the Universe: Scientists on Intelligent Extraterrestrials

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195171815
eISBN:
9780199786862
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195171815.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

Life on the Moon — an old notion — was revived by the astronomical work of Nicolaus Copernicus in the 16th century and the invention of the optical telescope in the early 17th century. Galileo ... More


Life in an Expanding Universe

George Basalla

in Civilized Life in the Universe: Scientists on Intelligent Extraterrestrials

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195171815
eISBN:
9780199786862
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195171815.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

In the 1930s, astronomer Edwin P. Hubble and others claimed that we lived in an expanding universe filled with galaxies containing billion of stars. At about the same time, Karl G. Jansky invented ... More


Asteroseismic Data Analysis: Foundations and Techniques

Sarbani Basu and William J. Chaplin

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691162928
eISBN:
9781400888207
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691162928.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

Studies of stars and stellar populations, and the discovery and characterization of exoplanets, are being revolutionized by new satellite and telescope observations of unprecedented quality and ... More


GALILEO: SEEING AND BELIEVING

I.S. GLASS

in Revolutionaries of the Cosmos: The Astro-Physicists

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199550258
eISBN:
9780191718700
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199550258.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This chapter discusses Galileo Galilei's biography and private life. It notes that Galileo first became interested in the connection between mathematics and the measurement of quantities such as mass ... More


ISAAC NEWTON: RATIONALISING THE UNIVERSE

I.S. GLASS

in Revolutionaries of the Cosmos: The Astro-Physicists

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199550258
eISBN:
9780191718700
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199550258.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This chapter begins by discussing Isaac Newton's biography and private life. It notes some of Newton's traits, which allowed him to face all the hurdles that came his way. It investigates how he ... More


WILLIAM HERSCHEL: SURVEYING THE HEAVENS

I.S. GLASS

in Revolutionaries of the Cosmos: The Astro-Physicists

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199550258
eISBN:
9780191718700
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199550258.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This chapter begins by giving a brief description about William Herschel's family and his private life. It explains that despite their poverty, the Herschels were very conscious of the value of good ... More


GEORGE ELLERY HALE: PROVIDING THE TOOLS

I.S. GLASS

in Revolutionaries of the Cosmos: The Astro-Physicists

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199550258
eISBN:
9780191718700
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199550258.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This chapter begins by discussing the biography of George Ellery Hale's family. It then describes George's early years, his school life, and how his interest in astronomy was aroused. It narrates how ... More


Galileo's Telescope

Howard Marchitello

in The Machine in the Text: Science and Literature in the Age of Shakespeare and Galileo

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199608058
eISBN:
9780191729492
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608058.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, 16th-century and Renaissance Literature, Shakespeare Studies

This chapter discusses one of the great revolutions in early modern cosmology: the discovery of blemishes on the sun. In his Letters on Sunspots, Galileo understood these spots to constitute ... More


Surveys of High-Redshift Galaxies

Abraham Loeb and Steven R. Furlanetto

in The First Galaxies in the Universe

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691144917
eISBN:
9781400845606
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691144917.003.0010
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter details the study of high-redshift galaxies. It first outlines the telescopes used for observing these galaxies: the Hubble Space Telescope (HST) and its follow ups, as well as the ... More


Modernizing Theoretical Knowledge: Patronage, Reputation, Learned Sociability, Gentlemanly Veracity

Robert S. Westman

in The Copernican Question: Prognostication, Skepticism, and Celestial Order

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520254817
eISBN:
9780520948167
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520254817.003.0018
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The Copernican question is a subset of a larger problem: How did modernizers win credibility for new theoretical knowledge? This chapter examines some recent, alternative proposals, with special ... More


How Galileo's Recurrent Novelties Traveled

Robert S. Westman

in The Copernican Question: Prognostication, Skepticism, and Celestial Order

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520254817
eISBN:
9780520948167
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520254817.003.0019
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Some influential interpreters of his first major printed book, Sidereus Nuncius, have underscored Galileo's straightforward empiricist style in reporting observations and avoiding aggressive, ... More


A Very Distant and Peaceful Star

Elizabeth A. Kessler

in Picturing the Cosmos: Hubble Space Telescope Images and the Astronomical Sublime

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816679560
eISBN:
9781452947914
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816679560.003.0006
Subject:
Art, Photography

As way of closing, I would like to consider a short story by the writer and chemist Primo Levi. “A Tranquil Star” is, as its author suggests, “a fable that awakens echoes, and in which each of us can ... More


From the Leviathan to the Behemoth

Nicholas Mee

in The Cosmic Mystery Tour

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780198831860
eISBN:
9780191869785
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198831860.003.0014
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology, History of Physics

The world’s biggest telescopes are reflectors and every increase in size has given us a new perspective on the universe. The Rosse telescope, built in the middle of the nineteenth century by Lord ... More


Supermassive Black Holes

Nicholas Mee

in The Cosmic Mystery Tour

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780198831860
eISBN:
9780191869785
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198831860.003.0020
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology, History of Physics

The Event Horizon Telescope (EHT) is aiming to image the event horizon of the supermassive black hole at the centre of our galaxy. Andrea Ghez has mapped out the orbits of stars around this ... More


Raise Your Glasses to the Skies!

Nicholas Mee

in The Cosmic Mystery Tour

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780198831860
eISBN:
9780191869785
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198831860.003.0022
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology, History of Physics

Many exoplanets have been discovered in recent years by searching for regular dips in brightness of a star as a planet passes across its face. NASA’s Kepler Space Telescope was launched to search for ... More


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