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Reductionism

Anandi Hattiangadi

in Oughts and Thoughts: Scepticism and the Normativity of Meaning

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199219025
eISBN:
9780191711879
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199219025.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter considers more sophisticated reductionist responses to the sceptical argument — that is those which seek to find the fact that constitutes someone's meaning something by a word among the ... More


A Mark of the Mental: In Defense of Informational Teleosemantics

Karen Neander

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780262036146
eISBN:
9780262339865
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036146.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

How do thoughts get to be about the world, how do they refer to their contents? This book tackles the most tractable part of this ancient problem by offering a theory of original intentionality for ... More


Against Etiological Semantics

Joseph Mendola

in Anti-Externalism

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199534999
eISBN:
9780191715969
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534999.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter discusses externalist theories of mental content that do not involve the mediation of thought by language but in which history is crucial. It argues that the etiological teleosemantics ... More


Sense Experience

Mohan Matthen

in Seeing, Doing, and Knowing: A Philosophical Theory of Sense Perception

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199268504
eISBN:
9780191602283
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199268509.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter examines the role and character of sensory experience. Sensory classification can lead to action by means of direct manipulation of the effector system; when this is so, the output of ... More


The Methodological Argument for Informational Teleosemantics

Karen Neander

in A Mark of the Mental: In Defense of Informational Teleosemantics

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780262036146
eISBN:
9780262339865
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036146.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Teleosemantic theories are diverse, but they all endorse the claim that semantic norms, to do with correct and incorrect representation, derive in part at least from functional norms, to do with ... More


Representation in Cognitive Science

Nicholas Shea

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
October 2018
ISBN:
9780198812883
eISBN:
9780191850677
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198812883.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

The representational theory of mind (RTM) has given us the powerful insight that thinking consists of the processing of mental representations. Behaviour is the result of these cognitive processes ... More


Oxford Studies in Normative Ethics Volume 9

Mark Timmons (ed.)

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2019
ISBN:
9780198846253
eISBN:
9780191881398
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198846253.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This series aims to provide, on an annual basis, some of the best contemporary work in the field of normative ethical theory. Each volume features new chapters that contribute to an understanding of ... More


The Content-Determinacy Challenges

Karen Neander

in A Mark of the Mental: In Defense of Informational Teleosemantics

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780262036146
eISBN:
9780262339865
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036146.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

In this chapter, the author begins developing the details of the causal-informational version of teleosemantics (CT) for (nonconceptual) sensory-perceptual representation. She also lists six ... More


Ur-Intentionality: What’s It All About?

Daniel D. Hutto and Erik Myin

in Evolving Enactivism: Basic Minds Meet Content

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780262036115
eISBN:
9780262339773
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036115.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Chapter 5 does two things: it clarifies the features of world-involving but contentless Ur-intentionality and how this fundamental form of intentionality can be understood naturalistically. It ... More


Application: Predication and Commitment

Herman Cappelen and Josh Dever

in Making AI Intelligible: Philosophical Foundations

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780192894724
eISBN:
9780191915604
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780192894724.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Science

The previous chapters have given us ways of thinking about how an AI system might use names and predicates. But language use involves more than simply tokening expressions. It also involves ... More


A Representational Format for Procedural Metacognition

Joëlle Proust

in The Philosophy of Metacognition: Mental Agency and Self-Awareness

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199602162
eISBN:
9780191758096
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199602162.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

What is the representational format for metacognition? This chapter first provides an overview of the philosophical approaches to the notion of representation. A propositional system of ... More


Introduction

Nicholas Shea

in Representation in Cognitive Science

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
October 2018
ISBN:
9780198812883
eISBN:
9780191850677
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198812883.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter offers a breezy introduction to the content question, the question of what determines the content of a mental representation. Existing approaches are outlined: informational semantics, ... More


Standard Objections

Nicholas Shea

in Representation in Cognitive Science

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
October 2018
ISBN:
9780198812883
eISBN:
9780191850677
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198812883.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Varitel semantics has several resources for dealing with indeterminacy. It gives rise to more determinate contents than informational semantics or consumer-based teleosemantics. The remaining ... More


From Teleosemantics to Normative Ethics

Jacob Ross

in Oxford Studies in Normative Ethics Volume 9

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2019
ISBN:
9780198846253
eISBN:
9780191881398
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198846253.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The morally wrong actions, it seems, are the actions that are worthy of moral disapproval. Hence, one way to approach normative ethics is to ask the following question: Toward what kinds of action is ... More


Experiencing Emotions: Aesthetics, Representationalism, and Expression

Rebecca Copenhaver and Jay Odenbaugh

in The Epistemology of Non-Visual Perception

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780190648916
eISBN:
9780190648947
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190648916.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter provides an account of the basic emotions and their expression. Emotions are experiences that have the function of indicating how we are faring in our environment. Emotions are also ... More


Introduction

Joulia Smortchkova, Krzysztof Dołęga, and Tobias Schlicht

in What are Mental Representations?

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
June 2021
ISBN:
9780190686673
eISBN:
9780190686703
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190686673.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In the introduction we overview the main debates about mental representations. In the first part we focus on three questions. First, what explanatory role do mental representations play in different ... More


Philosophical Challenges for Scientism (and How to Meet Them?)

Alex Rosenberg

in Scientism: Prospects and Problems

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
August 2018
ISBN:
9780190462758
eISBN:
9780190462772
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190462758.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, General

Scientism is expounded. Then its two major challenges are stated and responses to them sketched. The first challenge is to its epistemology of mathematics-how we know the necessary truths of ... More


Nonnatural Mental Representation

Gualtiero Piccinini

in What are Mental Representations?

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
June 2021
ISBN:
9780190686673
eISBN:
9780190686703
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190686673.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter distinguishes between two types of representation, natural and nonnatural. It argues that nonnatural representation is necessary to explain intentionality. It also argues that ... More


Error Detection and Representational Mechanisms

Krystyna Bielecka and Marcin Miłkowski

in What are Mental Representations?

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
June 2021
ISBN:
9780190686673
eISBN:
9780190686703
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190686673.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter defends a mechanistic and teleosemantic view of naturalized intentionality that underlies the role of error detection via coherence checking. Representational mechanisms serve the ... More


Introduction to Part I

Ruth Garrett Millikan

in Beyond Concepts: Unicepts, Language, and Natural Information

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780198717195
eISBN:
9780191785948
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198717195.003.0017
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This book weaves together themes from natural ontology, philosophy of mind, philosophy of language and information, areas of inquiry that have not recently been treated together. The sprawling topic ... More


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