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The Amazon in Transition: The Challenge of Transforming the World’s Largest Tropical Forest Biome into a Sustainable Social-Ecological System

Toby Gardner

in Addressing Tipping Points for a Precarious Future

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780197265536
eISBN:
9780191760327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265536.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

The Amazon is a major biome for helping to stabilize the water and temperature of its region and possibly even the whole planet. But increasingly it is subject to droughts leading to the possibility ... More


Climate forcing on marine ecosystems

Ken Drinkwater, George Hunt, Patrick Lehodey, Salvador Lluch-Cota, Eugene J. Murphy, Yasunori Sakurai, Frank Schwing, Gregory Beaugrand, and Sundby Svein

in Marine Ecosystems and Global Change

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199558025
eISBN:
9780191721939
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199558025.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter discusses the role of climate variability and change and their effects on the marine environment. As the frequency of physical forcing increases, the biological changes progress from ... More


Rethinking Global Land Use in an Urban Era

Karen C. Seto and Anette Reenberg (eds)

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780262026901
eISBN:
9780262322126
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262026901.001.0001
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

Today, global land use is affected by a variety of factors, including urbanization and the growing interconnectedness of economies and markets. This volume of the Strungmann Forum Reports Series ... More


How Is Urban Land Use Unique?

Dagmar Haase

in Rethinking Global Land Use in an Urban Era

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780262026901
eISBN:
9780262322126
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262026901.003.0015
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

This chapter discusses current urban land use (form, size, and shape of cities and urban areas) against a global background. The specifics of urban land use (surface characteristics, dynamics of ... More


Rethinking Global Land Use in an Urban Era: An Introduction

Karen C. Seto and Anette Reenberg

in Rethinking Global Land Use in an Urban Era

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780262026901
eISBN:
9780262322126
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262026901.003.0001
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

Land issues are central to geopolitics, economics, globalization, human well-being, and environmental sustainability. There is concern that not enough land will be available to meet societal and ... More


Finite Land Resources and Competition

Helmut Haberl, Cheikh Mbow, Xiangzheng Deng, Elena G. Irwin, Suzi Kerr, Tobias Kuemmerle, Ole Mertz, Patrick Meyfroidt, and B. L. Turner II

in Rethinking Global Land Use in an Urban Era

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780262026901
eISBN:
9780262322126
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262026901.003.0004
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

Rising demand for land-based products as well as conservation of forests and carbon sinks create increasing competition for land. Land-use competition has many drivers, takes different forms, and can ... More


Climate change

Kevin E. Trenberth and James W. Hurrell

in Effects of Climate Change on Birds

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780198824268
eISBN:
9780191862809
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198824268.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Ornithology, Animal Biology

The climate is changing from human activities. This has major implications for the future and for human society and ecosystems, including birds. However, it is often masked by natural variability and ... More


Niño

Tim Woollings

in Jet Stream: A Journey Through our Changing Climate

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780198828518
eISBN:
9780191867002
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198828518.003.0009
Subject:
Physics, Geophysics, Atmospheric and Environmental Physics

El Niño events are the most powerful of natural climate variations, rearranging weather patterns around the world and triggering countless extreme events. This chapter gives an overview of El Niño, ... More


Climate Variability and Ecological Response of the Marine Ecosystem in the Western Antarctic Peninsula (WAP) Region

Raymond C. Smith and William R. Fraser

in Climate Variability and Ecosystem Response in Long-Term Ecological Research Sites

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195150599
eISBN:
9780197561881
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195150599.003.0018
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Meteorology and Climatology

The Antarctic Peninsula, a relatively long, narrow extension of the Antarctic continent, defines a strong climatic gradient between the cold, dry continental regime to its south and the warm, moist ... More


The Quasi-Quintennial Timescale—Synthesis

Raymond C. Smith and Xiaojun Yuan

in Climate Variability and Ecosystem Response in Long-Term Ecological Research Sites

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195150599
eISBN:
9780197561881
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195150599.003.0020
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Meteorology and Climatology

The El Nino–Southern Oscillation (ENSO) is one of the most important contributors to interannual variability on Earth (Diaz and Markgraf 2000). It is an aperiodic phenomenon that tends to reoccur ... More


Interdecadal-Scale Variability: An Assessment of LTER Climate Data

Maurice J. McHugh and Douglas G. Goodin

in Climate Variability and Ecosystem Response in Long-Term Ecological Research Sites

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195150599
eISBN:
9780197561881
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195150599.003.0023
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Meteorology and Climatology

Interdecadal-scale climate variability must be considered when interpreting climatic trends at local, regional, or global scales. Significant amounts of variance are found at interdecadal ... More


Decadal Climate Variation and Coho Salmon Catch

David Greenland

in Climate Variability and Ecosystem Response in Long-Term Ecological Research Sites

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195150599
eISBN:
9780197561881
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195150599.003.0025
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Meteorology and Climatology

When temporally smoothed data are used for the period 1925 to 1985 there is a close inverse statistical relationship acting at an interdecadal timescale between the Pacific Northwest (PNW) air ... More


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